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Diaphragmatic hernia

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boutian2be

Asked by boutian2be at 8:49 PM on Feb. 24, 2009 in Pregnancy

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Answers (11)
  • Definition

    A diaphragmatic hernia is a birth defect in which there is an abnormal opening in the diaphragm, the muscle that helps you breathe. The opening allows part of the abdominal organs to move into the chest area.
    CarolynBarnett

    Answer by CarolynBarnett at 8:50 PM on Feb. 24, 2009

  • Alternative Names

    Hernia - diaphragmatic; Congenital hernia of the diaphragm
    CarolynBarnett

    Answer by CarolynBarnett at 8:50 PM on Feb. 24, 2009

  • Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    A diaphragmatic hernia is caused by the improper joining of structures during fetal development. As a result, the abdominal organs such as the stomach, small intestine, spleen, part of the liver, and the kidney appear in the chest cavity. The lung tissue on the affected side is thus not allowed to completely develop.
    CarolynBarnett

    Answer by CarolynBarnett at 8:50 PM on Feb. 24, 2009

  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is seen in 1 out of 2,200 to 5, 000 live births. Most affect the left side. Having a parent or sibling with the condition slightly increases your risk.
    CarolynBarnett

    Answer by CarolynBarnett at 8:50 PM on Feb. 24, 2009

  • Symptoms

    Severe breathing difficulty usually develops shortly after the baby is born, because of ineffective movement of the diaphragm and crowding of the lung tissue, which causes collapse. The reason why this occurs is not known.

    Other symptoms include:

    * Bluish colored skin due to lack of oxygen
    * Rapid breathing
    * Fast heart rate (tachycardia)
    CarolynBarnett

    Answer by CarolynBarnett at 8:51 PM on Feb. 24, 2009

  • Signs and tests

    The pregnant mother may have excessive amounts of amniotic fluid. Fetal ultrasound may show abdominal contents in the chest cavity.

    Examination of the infant shows:

    * Irregular chest movements
    * Absent breath sounds on affected side
    * Bowel sounds heard in the chest
    * Abdomen feels less full on examination by touch (palpation)

    A chest x-ray may show abdominal organs in chest cavity.
    CarolynBarnett

    Answer by CarolynBarnett at 8:51 PM on Feb. 24, 2009

  • Treatment

    A diaphragmatic hernia is an emergency that requires surgery. Surgery is done to place the abdominal organs into the proper position and repair the opening in the diaphragm.

    The infant will need breathing support until he or she recovers from surgery. Some infants are placed on a heart/lung bypass machine, which gives the lungs a chance to recover and expand after surgery.

    If a diaphragmatic hernia is diagnosed during pregnancy (around 24 to 28 weeks), fetal surgery may be considered.
    CarolynBarnett

    Answer by CarolynBarnett at 8:51 PM on Feb. 24, 2009

  • http://www.healthline.com/adamcontent/diaphragmatic-hernia?utm_medium=ask&utm_source=smart&utm_campaign=article&utm_term=Diaphragmatic+hernia&ask_return=Diaphragmatic+Hernia


    All that information and more can be found at this website.
    CarolynBarnett

    Answer by CarolynBarnett at 8:52 PM on Feb. 24, 2009

  • What is the question really?
    reflect1light

    Answer by reflect1light at 9:37 PM on Feb. 24, 2009

  • I basically want to find someone who is pregnant or has had a child with this issue
    boutian2be

    Answer by boutian2be at 11:37 PM on Feb. 25, 2009

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