Biting is due to exploration (as someone stated earlier) and also a way to communicate since their verbal skills are still developing. If it's due to verbalization (wanting someone to hand over a toy, wanting some space, etc.), try to explain and demonstrate gentle touches and "nice" ways of physical communication.
My daughter bit me once (b/c I tried to retrieve somehting from her mouth). Between my outcry of pain and my husband yelling at her, she was very scared and upset and never bit either of us again. She's never bitten another child (though, victim of biting). I know from literature and all the daycare info, this is not the prefered method. If you are comfortable doing this, then it may be an option. If you aren't, you'll have to try more passive methods. Be mindful not to accidentally reinforce the negative behavior.
at 10:07 PM on Sep. 12, 2010