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6 Bumps

Do states with predominantly white students score better on ACT/SAT?

Paul Krugman. The Times' staff economics blowhard recently typed, re the state of education in Texas:

And in low-tax, low-spending Texas, the kids are not all right. The high school graduation rate, at just 61.3 percent, puts Texas 43rd out of 50 in state rankings. Nationally, the state ranks fifth in child poverty; it leads in the percentage of children without health insurance. And only 78 percent of Texas children are in excellent or very good health, significantly below the national average.

Similarly, The Economist passes on what appears to be the cut-'n'-paste lefty factoid du jour:

Only 5 states do not have collective bargaining for educators and have deemed it illegal. Those states and their ranking on ACT/SAT scores are as follows:

South Carolina – 50th
North Carolina – 49th
Georgia – 48th
Texas – 47th
Virginia – 44th

If you are wondering, Wisconsin, with its collective bargaining for teachers, is ranked 2nd in the country.

The point being, I suppose, is that unionized teachers stand as a thin chalk-stained line keeping Wisconsin from descending into the dystopian non-union educational hellscape of Texas. Interesting, if it wasn't complete bullshit.

As a son of Iowa, I'm no stranger to bragging about my home state's ranking on various standardized test. Like Wisconsin we Iowans usually rank near the top of the heap on average ACT/SAT scores. We are usually joined there by Minnesota, Nebraska, and the various Dakotas; Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire...

... beginning to see a pattern? Perhaps because a state's "average ACT/SAT" is, for all intents and purposes, a proxy for the percent of white people who live there. In fact, the lion's share of state-to-state variance in test scores is accounted for by differences in ethnic composition. Minority students - regardless of state residence - tend to score lower than white students on standardized test, and the higher the proportion of minority students in a state the lower its overall test scores tend to be.

Please note: this has nothing to do with innate ability or aptitude. Quite to the contrary, I believe the test gap between minority students and white students can be attributed to differences in socioeconomic status. And poverty. And yes, racism. And yes, family structure. Whatever combination of reasons, the gap exists, and it's mathematical sophistry to compare the combined average test scores in a state like Wisconsin (4% black, 4% Hispanic) with a state like Texas (12% black, 30% Hispanic).

So how to compare educational achievement between two states with such dissimilar populations? In data analysis this is usually done by treating ethnicity as a "covariate." A very simple way to do this is by comparing educational achievement between states within the same ethnic group. In other words, do black students perform better in Wisconsin than Texas? Do Hispanic students perform better in Wisconsin or Texas? White students? If Wisconsin's kids consistently beat their Texas counterparts, after controlling for ethnicity, then there's a strong case that maybe Texas schools ought to become a union shop.

Luckily, there is data to answer this question via the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The NAEP is an annual standardized test given to 4th and 8th graders around the country to measure proficiency in math, science, and reading. Participation is fairly universal; if you've had a 4th or 8th grader in the last few years, you're probably familiar with it. Results are compiled on the NAEP website, broken down by grade, state, subject and ethnicity.

So how does brokeass, dumbass, redneck Texas stack up against progressive unionized Wisconsin?

2009 4th Grade Math

White students: Texas 254, Wisconsin 250 (national average 248)
Black students: Texas 231, Wisconsin 217 (national 222)
Hispanic students: Texas 233, Wisconsin 228 (national 227)

2009 8th Grade Math

White students: Texas 301, Wisconsin 294 (national 294)
Black students: Texas 272, Wisconsin 254 (national 260)
Hispanic students: Texas 277, Wisconsin 268 (national 260)

2009 4th Grade Reading

White students: Texas 232, Wisconsin 227 (national 229)
Black students: Texas 213, Wisconsin 192 (national 204)
Hispanic students: Texas 210, Wisconsin 202 (national 204)

2009 8th Grade Reading

White students: Texas 273, Wisconsin 271 (national 271)
Black students: Texas 249, Wisconsin 238 (national 245)
Hispanic students: Texas 251, Wisconsin 250 (national 248)

2009 4th Grade Science

White students: Texas 168, Wisconsin 164 (national 162)
Black students: Texas 139, Wisconsin 121 (national 127)
Hispanic students: Wisconsin 138, Texas 136 (national 130)

2009 8th Grade Science

White students: Texas 167, Wisconsin 165 (national 161)
Black students: Texas 133, Wisconsin 120 (national 125)
Hispanic students: Texas 141, Wisconsin 134 (national 131)

To recap: white students in Texas perform better than white students in Wisconsin, black students in Texas.

Answer Question
 
Carpy

Asked by Carpy at 10:08 PM on Mar. 3, 2011 in Politics & Current Events

Level 39 (114,053 Credits)
Answers (65)
  • black students in Texas perform better than black students in Wisconsin, Hispanic students in Texas perform better than Hispanic students in Wisconsin. In 18 separate ethnicity-controlled comparisons, the only one where Wisconsin students performed better than their peers in Texas was 4th grade science for Hispanic students (statistically insignificant), and this was reversed by 8th grade. Further, Texas students exceeded the national average for their ethnic cohort in all 18 comparisons; Wisconsinites were below the national average in 8, above average in 8.
    Carpy

    Comment by Carpy (original poster) at 10:09 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

  • So what's your point? Sounds like institutional racism exists more in Wisconsin where there is a lower percentage of black and Hispanic kids. Not really surprising. IMO that is one of the hardest parts about racism to overcome. Probably Texas has more black and hispanic teachers to help overcome this.
    stacymomof2

    Answer by stacymomof2 at 10:23 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

  • Probably Texas has more black and hispanic teachers to help overcome this.


    NOPE!! Most of the teachers are white, females and bilingual. Most of the teachers have more than a 4 yr degree. The schools are CROWDED with parents every single day. Our teacher seem like they actually like their jobs and keep in contact with parents.

    matthewscandi

    Answer by matthewscandi at 10:30 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

  • Just found it curious stacy.
    Carpy

    Comment by Carpy (original poster) at 10:30 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

  • I bet it's Bush's fault that the WI students don't so so well...eye rolling

    agentwanda

    Answer by agentwanda at 10:35 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

  • Sounds like institutional racism exists more in Wisconsin


    Why is it when the children are doing horrible in school the state/school/whatever is called racist. Maybe the parents do not care to keep up with the teachers, they don't go to the school, the children are left alone in the afternoons to get into trouble. Most 9-12 y/os at my kid's school go to afterschool care so they can be looked after and they aren't getting into trouble. At some point the child and/or the parents should shoulder the blame.

    matthewscandi

    Answer by matthewscandi at 10:37 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

  • NOPE!! Most of the teachers are white, females and bilingual.
    _________________________
    Awesome. So maybe Texas is failing their black and hispanic population? How do you account for the fact that Wisconsin scores so much higher? I mean, Texas is 47th, Wisconsin is 2nd. So what is it?
    stacymomof2

    Answer by stacymomof2 at 10:38 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

  • I bet it's Bush's fault that the WI students don't so so well...
    _______________________
    You mean Texas? As pointed out, Wisconsin is 2nd. Texas is 47th.
    stacymomof2

    Answer by stacymomof2 at 10:39 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

  • So maybe Texas is failing their black and hispanic population?


    They are all taught the same things out of the same books. So, who is failing who.

    matthewscandi

    Answer by matthewscandi at 10:42 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

  • Holy Moly, that made my head spin. I was looking at the data on NAEP site and I want to bump this for tomorrow. There is more to this than meets the eye and there are more than one apples to orange comparison and statistic discrepancies.
    Who wrote this piece?
    adnilm

    Answer by adnilm at 10:42 PM on Mar. 3, 2011

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