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STEM CELLS - THE BASICS

Posted by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 1:26 PM
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There has been a huge misconception that the pro-life communities oppose potentially life-saving stem cell technology.  Nothing could be further from the truth.  To explain our position, first we must separate fact from fiction.

WHAT IS A STEM CELL?
A stem cell is essentially a "blank" cell, capable of becoming another more differentiated cell type in the body, such as a skin cell, a muscle cell, or a nerve cell.

WHY ARE STEM CELLS IMPORTANT?
Stem cells can be used to replace or heal dam­aged tissues and cells in the body. 

WHAT ARE THE TWO BROAD CLASSES OF STEM CELLS?
The two basic types of stem cells are:

1)   EMBRYONIC TYPE STEM CELLS
Come from living human embryos that must be destroyed (killed) in order utilize the stem cells
-- Controversial and unethical (Pro-Lifers generally oppose this type)
-- Flexible - can be converted into any cell type in your body 
-- Tumorigenic - due to its flexibility, the cells are hard to control and are capable of forming tumors or promoting tumor formation in its recipients
-- Immunogenic - recipient must take immunosuppressant medicine indefinitely
-- Basically OBSOLETE due to iPS technology

It is unethical to destroy new human lives in order to potentially improve another human life.  Especially, when there is another safe and ethical alternative.

2)   ADULT TYPE STEM CELLS
Come from pregnancy-related tissues such as umbilical cords, placentas, and amniotic fluid, and adult (or infant) tissues such as bone marrow, skin, liver, epidermis, retina, skeletal muscle, intestine, brain, dental pulp, and elsewhere. Even fat obtained from liposuction has been shown to contain significant numbers of adult type stem cells
-- Non-controversial, moral and ethical (Pro-life and religious communities, as well as everyone else, wholeheartedly support it)
-- Non-Tumorigenic - tend not to form tumors
-- If cells are taken from oneself, than the body will not reject the cells. Therefore, there is no need to take immunosuppressant medicine
-- Have repeatedly PROVEN to be beneficial

WHY ARE ADULT STEM CELLS PREFERABLE TO EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS?
Adult stem cells are a "natural" solution. They naturally exist in our bodies, and they provide a natural repair mechanism for many tissues of our bodies. They belong in the micro environment of an adult body, while embryonic stem cells belong in the micro environment of the early embryo, not in an adult body, where they tend to cause tumors and immune system reactions. Most importantly, adult stem cells have already been successfully used in human therapies for many years. As of this date, NO therapies in humans have ever been suc­cessfully carried out using embryonic stem cells. New therapies using adult type stem cells, on the other hand, are being developed all the time. There are many examples of success stories using adult stem cells. ~ Stem Cell Research Facts (SCRF)


This chart compares, to date, the benefits to human patients of the 2 types of stem cells:

Adult Stem Cells v. Embryonic Stem Cells

Adult Stem Cells

Embryonic Stem Cells

    Cancers:

  1. Brain Cancer
  2. Retinoblastoma
  3. Ovarian Cancer
  4. Skin Cancer: Merkel Cell Carcinoma
  5. Testicular Cancer
  6. Tumors abdominal organs Lymphoma
  7. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  8. Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  9. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  10. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
  11. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  12. Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia
  13. Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
  14. Cancer of the lymph nodes: Angioimmunoblastic Lymphadenopathy
  15. Multiple Myeloma
  16. Myelodysplasia
  17. Breast Cancer
  18. Neuroblastoma
  19. Renal Cell Carcinoma
  20. Various Solid Tumors
  21. Soft Tissue Sarcoma
  22. Ewing's Sarcoma
  23. Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia
  24. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
  25. POEMS syndrome
  26. Myelofibrosis
  27. Auto-Immune Diseases

  28. Diabetes Type I (Juvenile)
  29. Systemic Lupus
  30. Sjogren's Syndrome
  31. Myasthenia
  32. Autoimmune Cytopenia
  33. Scleromyxedema
  34. Scleroderma
  35. Crohn's Disease
  36. Behcet's Disease
  37. Rheumatoid Arthritis
  38. Juvenile Arthritis
  39. Multiple Sclerosis
  40. Polychondritis
  41. Systemic Vasculitis
  42. Alopecia Universalis
  43. Buerger's Disease
  44. Cardiovascular

  45. Acute Heart Damage
  46. Chronic Coronary Artery Disease
  47. Ocular

  48. Corneal regeneration
  49. Immunodeficiencies

  50. Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  51. X-linked Lymphoproliferative Syndrome
  52. X-linked Hyper immunoglobulin M Syndrome
  53. Neural Degenerative Diseases and Injuries

  54. Parkinson's Disease
  55. Spinal Cord Injury
  56. Stroke Damage
  57. Anemias and Other Blood Conditions

  58. Sickle Cell Anemia
  59. Sideroblastic Anemia
  60. Aplastic Anemia
  61. Red Cell Aplasia
  62. Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia
  63. Thalassemia
  64. Primary Amyloidosis
  65. Diamond Blackfan Anemia
  66. Fanconi's Anemia
  67. Chronic Epstein-Barr Infection
  68. Wounds and Injuries

  69. Limb Gangrene
  70. Surface Wound Healing
  71. Jawbone Replacement
  72. Skull Bone Repair
  73. Other Metabolic Disorders

  74. Hurler's Syndrome
  75. Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  76. Krabbe Leukodystrophy
  77. Osteopetrosis
  78. Cerebral X-Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy
  79. Liver Disease

  80. Chronic Liver Failure
  81. Liver Cirrhosis
  82. Bladder Disease

  83. End-Stage Bladder Disease

                     NONE























































Peer-Reviewed References (not a complete listing, sample references)

IPS CELLS
With new iPS technology, ethical adult stem cells can be easily reprogrammed back into stem cells that have the same potential as embryonic stem cells. Also, if
iPS cells (induced Pluripotent Stem) are used from the person's own body, there is no fear that the body will reject it, therefore there is no need for immunosuppressant medication. However, there is still the danger of tumor formation since these cells have been reprogrammed back into embryonic-type stem cells.

With iPS cell technology, human skin cells can be reprogrammed into stem cells, which can then be differentiated into any cell type ~ Cellular Dynamics International

Watch this video of Dr. Oz explaining to Michael J. Fox on The Oprah Winfrey Show how embryonic stem cell research is "dead" and iPS cells are the new and exciting, safe alternative.


DID PRESIDENT BUSH BAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELL RESEARCH? 
It is a myth that embryonic stem cell research had been banned until President Obama reversed the ban in March 2009. In reality, there has never been any law or regulation against destroying human embryos for research purposes. While President Bush banned the use of federal funding (tax payer monies) to pay for research on embryonic stem cell lines created after August 2001, it has never been illegal. Anyone using private funds was free to pursue it.  In fact, even certain states, such as NY, have been allowing state funding for ESC research. President Obama lifted this ban on federal funding, making it possible to use tax payer money for the controversial and, many believe, obsolete embryonic stem cell research. Thereby, it is diverting our money away from ethical and sound adult stem cell research that could provide safe cures and treatments decades before embryonic stem cell research possibly could.

SO, WHAT REALLY IS THE BENEFIT TO EMBRYONIC STEM CELL RESEARCH?
Despite all the dangers and controversies, many scientists are determined to waste taxpayer money in order to experiment with embryonic stem cells --- WHY?   Because if they, the bio tech/pharmaceutical companies and research centers, are successful in patenting an embryonic stem cell line, as opposed to adult stem cells which cannot be patented, then they would make a great deal of money at our expense.

Links and Sources
Stem Cell Research Facts
Geron Bails Out of Stem Cells - Science Insider
Cell Therapy Foundation
New Stem Cell Study a First - Wisconsin State Journal
Spain, Ignoring Useless Embryonic, Leads World in Stem Cell Organ Transplants - RepairStemCells.org
California's Proposition 71 Failure
- Investors.com (Investor's Business Daily)
The Great Stem-Cell-Reasearch Scam, by Michael Fumento, New York Post
Why Embryonic Stem Cells Are Obsolete by Bernadine Healy, M.D., U.S.News & World Report's
Embryonic Stem Cells 'Obsolete' - Investors.com (IBD)
Decades Away: The Dirty Secret of Embryonic Stem Cell Research By Michael Fumento, Forbes
Obsolete Science Bailout Plan - Bioethics Defense Fund
Do We Still Need Embryonic Stem Cells? By Erin Richards, Scientific Blogging
Success with iPSCs - TheScientist.com
Virus-free embryonic-like stem cells made from skin of Parkinson's disease patients - PhysOrg.com
Parkinson's Disease Patient-Derived Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Free of Viral Reprogramming Factors - The Cell
Vatican Supports Adult Stem-cell Research - New American
iPS Cell "Memory" and Stem Cell Confusion By
David Prentice, FRC Blog

Scientists Turn Skin Cells Directly Into Blood Cells, Bypassing Middle Pluripotent Step - Science Daily
Not with a bang, but a whimper; After more than a decade of research on embryonic stem cells, scientists are quietly moving on to greener pastures - Mercator.net


Continued below...

by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 1:26 PM
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Replies (1-7):
diane125
by Diane - Group Owner on Nov. 6, 2011 at 9:38 AM

Adult Stem Cell Successes








diane125
by Diane - Group Owner on Nov. 6, 2011 at 10:02 AM




**WARNING - Graphic video of breast surgery**



**WARNING - Video of eye surgery shown**



diane125
by Diane - Group Owner on Nov. 6, 2011 at 1:41 PM
diane125
by Diane - Group Owner on Jan. 9, 2012 at 11:08 PM

More to come...

diane125
by Diane - Group Owner on Jan. 9, 2012 at 11:09 PM

More to come...

diane125
by Diane - Group Owner on Jan. 9, 2012 at 11:09 PM

More to come...

diane125
by Diane - Group Owner on Jan. 9, 2012 at 11:09 PM

More to come...

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