Terms & Jargon
All-in-one (AIO)- All-in-one cloth diapers combine all of the parts of a traditional cloth diapering system in one easy to use piece. These cloth diapers have a waterproof outer layer, absorbent material on the inside and snaps or hook and loop tape on the top to secure the diaper.
AI2 - All-In-Two - AI2s are very similar to AIOs with the exception that the absorbent soaker material is not attached to the diaper in any way. The soaker is usually a second, separate piece that must be used in conjunction with the diaper. The drying time for these diapers is shorter than the traditional AIO.
Aplix®- Aplix® is a brand name of hook and loop tape (aka velcro) that is often used as a fastener for cloth diapers.
Cloth Diaper Cover- Can be made of wool, polyurethane laminate (PUL), or fleece. A diaper cover is a separate, waterproof layer that goes on top of a cloth diaper. It prevents leaks and protects your baby's clothes from moisture.
Contour Diaper- a contour diaper is a cloth diaper shaped to fit snugly around a baby's chubby little legs. When you lay one of these down flat, it looks like an hourglass, with an absorbent layer in the skinny center section to capture wetness. Using snaps, Velcro or pins, fasten the diaper at your baby's waist.
Crunchy- this has two totally different meaning amoung the cloth diapering and green communities. When referring to a person or practice crunchy means new-age-hippie or very green individual who is a part of the culture associated with being green. The term comes from the association of (crunchy) granola with hippies. When used with cloth diapers it means stiff &/or not soft anymore. (Crunches when you touch it) Sometimes it can be fixed with stripping or other ways of treating the fabric. Other times it is from the wear of the fabric and cannot be undone.
Diaper Doubler- A diaper doubler doubles the absorbency capacity of a cloth diaper. Also known as an insert.
Diaper Pail Liner- A diaper pail liner is essentially just a waterproof bag that dirty diapers are stored in until washing. Diaper pail liners can be as simple as a trash bag, or you can make or purchase more durable, reusable diaper pail liners made from waterproof, washable fabrics.
Diaper Service Quality- The term Diaper Service Quality (DSQ) is used to describe a high-absorbency, long-enduring, pre-fold cloth diaper. DSQ comes from the days when parents who could afford to had high-caliber, clean cloth diapers delivered to them each morning (and the dirty ones taken away).
Dry Pail- This method is less messy and eliminates the dangers of having a bin of standing water in your home compared to a wet pail. This is just as it sounds, storing used diapers in a pail that is dry inside instead of having water in it.
Fitted Cloth Diaper- Fitted diapers are pre-shaped to look almost like a disposable diaper. There is no folding or pinning required with these cloth diapers. Fitted cloth diapers are made of absorbent material and have elastic or some other type of gathering at the legs, and they are closed at the top with snaps or hook and loop tape.
Flats - These one-layer diapers, generally made out of 100% cotton gauze, are the most "old-fashioned" choice. They dry quickly and fit a large range of sizes. Folding and pinning are required.
Fluffy Mail- A cder saying fluffy mail can mean one of two things. Either they are talking about http://www.fluffymail.com/, the site for Made By Mom Baby Co., LLC. Or, more commonly they are talking about cloth diapers delivered through mail.
Fold-Back Laundry Tabs- Fold-back laundry tabs are found on many styles of cloth diapers. With this type of tab, there is an extra piece of loop tape or fabric that lets you fold the hook part of the tab back for washing.
Hook & Loop - These are Velcro-like closures. Since the Velcro brand is not very soft, many diaper makers use Aplix or Touchtape brand hook and loop.
Liners - Liners are thin layers of cloth or paper that are placed inside the diaper to aid in the cleaning of solid waste. In the case of paper liners, the solid waste collected on the liner can be removed from the soiled diaper and either thrown away or flushed. Cloth liners must be washed, but aid in laundering. They also help protect the actual diaper from staining.
Soaker Pants - also called longies or sweater pants. Soaker Pants are wool soakers that have longer legs to form pants or shorts.
Pocket Diaper- A pocket diaper is a washable cloth diaper with a built-in "pocket" that holds the diaper's absorbent, center layer, often called a "soaker." The outside of the diaper is made of waterproof fabric, while the inside is usually made of a fabric which stays soft against your baby's skin while wicking moisture into the soaker.
Pre-Fold Cloth Diaper- Pre-folded cloth diapers, often referred to as pre-folds, are rectangular cloth diapers that are divided into three sections (left, middle, right). While the number of fabric layers varies by brand, all pre-folds have the thickest layer in the middle, where the absorbency is needed the most.
PUL Fabric- Polyurethane laminated (PUL) fabric is a rather technical term for the thin, shiny, waterproof cloth that makes up the outer layer of many washable diapers.
Seconds- Second Quality Cloth Diapers. Seconds are diapers that have some (usually miner) flaw in the design or construction of them. These diapers are cheaper then 'firsts' and so are a great chioce for the economically minded cloth parent.
Snappi®- The neat little T-shaped device known as a Snappi is used to fasten a pre-fold cloth diaper around your baby's waist. Made of plastic, it was invented by parents as an alternative to diaper pins.
Soaker Layer- The super-absorbent section between your baby's legs that captures wetness so it doesn't leak out. Soakers may be sewn inside the diaper, partially sewn to form a flap, snapped inside the diaper, or simply laid inside the diaper.
'Sposie- A Disposable diaper
Stripping- Stripping cloth diapers is a laundering method that removes detergent residue from cloth diapers. Detergents, fabric softeners and other things in wash water can build up in cloth diapers over time, and the buildup can reduce cloth diaper absorbency and can also cause bad smells like strong ammonia type smells in diapers.
Wet Bag- A reusable waterproof bag for storing used diapers in when out and about.
Wet Pail- Wet pails are places to keep dirty cloth diapers until you can get them to the washing machine. The pail is considered wet because it is half-filled with water before the soiled diapers are tossed in, thereby pre-soaking them and helping to eliminate stains.
Wick- The term wick in cloth diapering has a few different meanings. One meaning is to draw moisture away from an area, like the babies skin, and into another fabric. Wicking can also be when a fabric (like a baby's onsie or pants) that is suppose to stay dry gets wet from touching a wet fabric, like the elastic of a cover. Wick can also refer when a waterproof fabric sweats on the outside (like at night when the diaper is drenched) so the baby's clothes still end up wet. It is also sometimes used when referring to leaks in general. Lastly wick can also mean when moisture seeps through a mostly waterproof fabric, like wool.
Wool In One (WIO) - This is an All-In-One (AIO) with a wool outer fabric.
Wool Soaker- a type of diaper cover that's popular with lots of moms. Wool is super-absorbent, breathable and lightweight (all of which equals less diaper rash), and it's much-lauded in the cloth diapering world because it contains lanolin, which helps the fabric stay waterproof and counteracts bacteria. This means that wool soakers don't add to that constant pile of laundry you've got going - you just hang them to dry and launder them about once a month. You will have to re-coat them with lanolin around four times a year, however, if you want to maintain them properly