Talking softly, a little back rub or hug, a tickle, singing "don't worry be happy" or a lullaby...if all else fails I give her a few minutes to get over it with quieting the room, and I don't say a word. In public places I have resorted to giving her a few chips or letting her ride on my shoulders, 9 times out of 10 that works.
It will depend on the child.
For mine, Depending on why he is having a meltdown, will depend on what works for him.
When he is over stimulated.. leaving him alone with a movie he loves, a piece of a kit kat bar, and a drink usually works really well and very quickly.
When he isn't feeling well, then he wants mommy to be beside him but not touching him. Or he wants pressure therapy. So we squish him on the couch and pat his head, a little harder than a normal pat. It calms him down quickly.
letting him go to a Quite place helps . Let him calm down then find out what set him off
Oddly enough, sometimes something as simple as offering a glass of tea or ice water is enough to kind of snap my eight year old back to reality. Or leaving the house/area for a walk and some fresh air helps. When he was younger I would sit a ways away from him and start reading one of his favorite books in a soft voice. Within minutes he was usually snuggled up by my side, the meltdown soon forgotten. I have also learned that not getting sucked into his meltdown shortens the lengthy of them considerably.
Try to see what the triggers are, be a detective, and plan ways to avoid those situations. And as time goes on, with kits if trial and error, you will find what works best according to what caused the meltdown in the first place. Good luck!
For my child, deep pressure or squeezing works.
Snuggling up in a blanket, or idealy the lycra-type material that the OT's use. For mine, a quiet corner with a book and something to hold her somewhat tightly with as little light, sound and smells as possible. Now that she's older, a quiet walk, or dimmed lights and a book.
Swaddling...my girls love to be wrapped in their blankets. Weighted blankets,. brushing therapy, rocking, singing, listening to music, my 3 year old loves to chew so I give her a chew toy....sometimes even having her hide under a table, or behind the couch, or building her a fort will help too.
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