On this day in history... March 16, Great Learning Opportunities!
Here are some events that happened today, in history- some of them are pretty interesting. Do you think you could help your child learn about one of these events today? Pick one and let us know how it goes!
597 BC – Babylonians capture Jerusalem, and replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.
37 – Caligula becomes Roman Emperor after the death of his great uncle, Tiberius.
455 – Emperor Valentinian III is assassinated by two Hunnic retainers while training with the bow on the Campus Martius (Rome).
1190 – Massacre of Jews at Clifford's Tower, York.
1244 – Over 200 Cathars are burned after the Fall of Montségur.
1322 – The Battle of Boroughbridge take place in the Despenser Wars.
1521 – Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines.
1621 – Samoset, a Mohegan, visited the settlers of Plymouth Colony and greets them, "Welcome, Englishmen! My name is Samoset."
1660 – The Long Parliament of England is dissolved so as to prepare for the new Convention Parliament.
1689 – The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.
1782 – American Revolutionary War: Spanish troops capture the British-held island of Roatán.
1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden is shot; he dies on March 29.
1802 – The Army Corps of Engineers is established to found and operate the United States Military Academy at West Point.
1812 – Battle of Badajoz (March 16 – April 6) – British and Portuguese forces besieged and defeated French garrison during Peninsular War.
1815 – Prince Willem proclaims himself King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first constitutional monarch in the Netherlands.
1818 – Second Battle of Cancha Rayada – Spanish forces defeated Chileans under José de San Martín.
1861 – Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who has been evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy.
1865 – American Civil War: The Battle of Averasborough began as Confederate forces suffer irreplaceable casualties in the final months of the war.
1872 – The Wanderers F.C. won the first FA Cup, the oldest football competition in the world, beating Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1-0 at The Oval in Kennington, London.
1900 – Sir Arthur Evans purchased the land around the ruins of Knossos, the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete.
1912 – Lawrence Oates, an ill member of Robert Falcon Scott's South Pole expedition, left the tent to die, saying: "I am just going outside and may be some time."
1916 – The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing crossed the US-Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa.
1924 – In accordance with the Treaty of Rome, Fiume became annexed as part of Italy.
1926 – History of Rocketry: Robert Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts.
1935 – Adolf Hitler ordered Germany to rearm herself in violation of the Versailles Treaty. Conscription is reintroduced to form the Wehrmacht.
1939 – From Prague Castle, Hitler proclaimed Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate.
1939 – Marriage of Princess Fawzia of Egypt to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran.
1940 – First person killed in a German bombing raid on the UK in World War II during a raid on Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands, James Isbister.
1942 – The first V-2 rocket test launch. It exploded at lift-off.
1945 – World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ended, but small pockets of Japanese resistance persisted.
1945 – Ninety percent of Würzburg, Germany is destroyed in only 20 minutes by British bombers. 5,000 are killed.
1950 – Communist Czechoslovakia's ministry of foreign affairs asked nuncios of Vatican to leave the country.
1958 – The Ford Motor Company produced its 50 millionth automobile, the Thunderbird, averaging almost a million cars a year since the company's founding.
1962 – A Flying Tiger Line Super Constellation disappeared in the western Pacific Ocean, with 107 missing.
1966 – Launch of Gemini 8, the 12th manned American space flight and first space docking with the Agena Target Vehicle.
1968 – Vietnam War: In the My Lai massacre, between 350 and 500 Vietnamese villagers (men, women, and children) are killed by American troops.
1968 – General Motors produced its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado.
1976 – British Prime Minister Harold Wilson resigned, citing personal reasons.
1977 – Assassination of Kamal Jumblatt the main leader of the anti-government forces in the Lebanese Civil War.
1978 – Former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro is kidnapped and is later killed by his captors.
1978 – Supertanker Amoco Cadiz split in two after running aground on the Portsall Rocks, three miles off the coast of Brittany, resulting in the 5th-largest oil spill in history.
1983 – Demolition of the radio tower Ismaning, the last wooden radio tower in Germany.
1984 – William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, Lebanon, is kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists and later died in captivity.
1985 – Associated Press newsman Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut. He is released on December 4, 1991.
1988 – Iran-Contra Affair: Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North and Vice Admiral John Poindexter are indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States.
1988 – Halabja poison gas attack: The Kurdish town of Halabjah in Iraq is attacked with a mix of poison gas and nerve agents on the orders of Saddam Hussein, killing 5000 people and injuring about 10000 people.
1995 – Mississippi formally ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment is officially ratified in 1865.
2005 – Israel officially handed over Jericho to Palestinian control.