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Homeschooling Moms Homeschooling Moms

Ok, so I know one of the #1 questions we get is "Where do I start?" and the #1 response? With the laws in your state. Each state has their own rules and requirements. So I thought I'd just start a post where I'll add in an overview of the HS laws in each state. 

Please remember, homeschool laws are subject to change. Use this post as a spring board, not legal advice. The laws in your state may have changed since I posted it.

Happy Learning!
Shannon 

by on Jan. 16, 2014 at 4:23 PM
Edited by on Jul. 10, 2014 at 11:12 PM
Replies (31-40):
KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:26 PM
2 moms liked this

Nebraska

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 6 and 18 (calculated as of January 1 of the school year, so a child who turns six on December 31 is of compulsory attendance age for the full school year.) Parents may exempt a child under seven for one year by filing a notarized statement with the local school district. Parents may graduate a child whenever he or she completes the homeschool's program of instruction, or may exempt a child from attendance after his or her sixteenth birthday by signing a notarized release form provided by the local public school.

• Required Days of Instruction: 1,032 hours (elementary), 1,080 hours (high school).

• Required Subjects: language arts, math, science, social studies, and health.
   (§ 79-1601(2); § 79-318(5))

• Teacher Qualifications: None, unless the home school teacher is "employed" by the family. (§ 79-1601(3))

• Standardized Tests: Although § 79-318(5) gives the State Board of Education the option to adopt regulations for testing and visitation, the Attorney General ruled the testing and visitation must be uniform for all private (and home) schools and it cannot be arranged without the consent of the parents. OAG Opinion, July 30, 1987. (Robert  Spire). As a result, the State Board, in its discretion, has chosen not to require testing or visitation.

• Alternative Statutes Allowing for Home Schools: (§ 79-1601(2))

   Any private, denominational or parochial school may "elect not to meet state accreditation or approval requirements." A home school is considered "a private school."   Parents may assert either religious or non-religious objections to state requirements, but the state has one set of rules and forms for non-religious objections (Rule 12) and another for religious objections (Rule 13).

   To operate a home school under Rule 12 or Rule 13, parents must do the following: 
   1. Each parent must separately file a notarized "Parent or Guardian Form" (Form A).  This form requires parents to state under oath that requirements for approval and accreditation either "interfere with the decisions in directing my child's education"   (Rule 12) or "violate sincerely held religious beliefs of the parents or legal guardians"   (Rule 13). The form requires parents to affirm under oath that a program of sequential instruction in language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, and health is being provided. Parents must also affirm that they are satisfied that the individuals monitoring instruction in the school are qualified to monitor instruction in these skills. Parents filing under Rule 12 must also affirm that they understand that their school must comply with the vaccination requirements of (§ 79-217)
   2. Some adult (usually but not necessarily a parent) must annually also file a notarized "Parent Representative Form" (Form B). The Parent Representative must affirmatively accept certain legal duties pursuant to Neb. Rev. Stat. § 79-1601 and Rule 12 or 13, respectively. This includes the duty to submit information on student enrollment and attendance, monitors, and the sequential program of instruction. 
   3. The Parent Representative must also file an Information Summary (supplemental sheet to Form B) prior to the date that the home school begins operation and annually thereafter by August 1. This must include the following: 
       a. A copy of Form A for each parent. (This could be a copy of the original Form A, not a new Form A each year.) 
       b. A calendar for the school year indicating a minimum instruction of 1,080 hours in secondary schools and 1,032 hours in elementary schools. (For a home school, this can be a very general statement of when the school term begins and ends.) 
       c. A list of all "instructional monitors" in the home school (typically the parents);  including name, address, age, highest level of education completed, names of educational institutions attended and the specific years attended, and a summary of prior teaching experience. 
       d. A scope and sequence for each grade level. 
   4. Upon enrollment of a child's first year of home education, a certified copy of birth certificate (or other proof as allowed by law) must be submitted to the Nebraska Department of Education. 
  Children are excused from compulsory attendance whenever they complete the program of instruction offered by their home school.


Nebraska Christian HSers

KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:29 PM

Nevada -

Nevada HSer Network

 • Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 7 and 18. (§ 392.040)

• Required Days of Instruction: None specified for homeschools.

• Required Subjects: Including English (reading, composition, writing), math, science, and    social studies (history, geography, economics, government). To the extent practicable    the arts, computer education and technology, health, and physical education
   (§ 392.035). A parent can teach these subjects as appropriate to age and skill level of each child. (§ 392.035)

• Teacher Qualifications: None.

• Standardized Testing: None. The Nevada Department of Education voluntarily repealed its testing provisions for home schools in 1997

• 1. Definition: "Homeschooled child" means a child who receives instruction at home and who is exempt from compulsory attendance pursuant to NRS 392.070." Sec. 385.007. 

• "Parent" means the parent, custodial parent, legal guardian or other person in this State who has control or charge of the child and the legal right to direct the child's education. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 392.700(14).2.The parent must file with the superintendent of schools of the school district in which the child resides a onetime written notice of intent to homeschool the child. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 392.700(1), (5).

 (a) The Department will provide a standard form for the notice of intent. This form must not require anyinformation or assurances that are not otherwise required. The board of trustees of each school districtmust ensure this form is made available to homeschooling parents.

 (b) The notice must be filed before beginning to homeschool the child or not later than 10 days after thechild has been formally withdrawn from public school or not later than 30 days after establishing stateresidency.     

(c) The superintendent of schools shall accept a notice of intent that meets the statutory requirements and shall not require any additional information.

(d) The purpose of the notice of intent is to inform the school district in which the child resides that thechild is exempt from the requirement of compulsory attendance.

(e) If the name or address of the parent or child changes the parent must file a new notice of intent withthe superintendent of the school district in which the child resides within 30 days.

3. The notice of intent to homeschool must include only the following:

(a) The full name, age and gender of the child;

(b) The name and address of each parent filing the notice of intent;

 (c) A statement signed and dated by each parent filing the notice of intent that the parent has control orcharge of the child and the legal right to direct the child's education and assumes full responsibility for the education of the child while the child is being homeschooled;

 (d) An educational plan which includes instruction in:

i. English, including reading, composition and writing;

ii. Mathematics;

iii. Science; and

iv. Social studies, including history, geography, economics and government.

 The educational plan shall be appropriate for the age and level of skill of the child, as determined by the parent. This does not require a parent to ensure that each subject area is taught each year that thechild is homeschooled.

(e) If applicable, the name of the public school in this State which the child most recently attended; and

(f) An optional statement prohibiting release of the information provided in the notice of intent.

5. The superintendent shall process a written request for any records relating to a child who has beenhomeschooled within 5 days after receiving the request. The records may be released to the parent of the child or the child if he is at least 18 years or if required by statute.

6. A school or organization shall not discriminate in any manner against a child who was or is homeschooled.Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 392.700(10).

7. School districts must allow homeschooled children to participate in the high school proficiency examination and all college entrance examinations including the SAT, the ACT, the PSAT, and the National Merit Scholarship Qualifying test. Information about the availability of these tests shall be maintained on the school district's website. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 392.700(11).

Reference: Click Here 


Nevada State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:  3
  • Social studies units:  2. (1 unit each of American government and American history.)
  • Science units:  2
  • P.E./Health units:  2.5 (5 unit health education and 2 units P.E.)
  • Arts:  Students must complete 1 unit of either "arts and humanities" or "occupational education."
  • Foreign language:  0
  • Electives units:  7.5
  • Other units:  Students must complete 1 unit of either "arts and humanities" or "occupational education" and .5 unit "use of computers."
TOTAL # units:  22.5

Other diploma options :  State offers honors/college prep curriculum option and proficiency-based credit option. Career and technical education endorsement option created by 2005 legislation to be offered at an undetermined date (as of September 2005).

NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. 386.520, 386.550, /86.584, 389.165; NEV. ADMIN. CODE ch. 389, § 664, 666, 670, 672, 674, 686, 710, 730

Important Note: State Graduation requirements are not necessarily the best guideline for homeschoolers to use. They have been included here as a guideline for what a typical public school student would need to complete in order to graduate.

A more important guideline may be the College Entrance requirements for where your student would like to attend college. While colleges have differing requirements, there are many colleges that publish requirements for homeschool graduates.

 



i. English, including reading, composition and writing;

ii. Mathematics;

iii. Science; and

iv. Social studies, including history, geography, economics and government.

The educational plan shall be appropriate for the age and level of skill of the child, as determined by the parent. This does not require a parent to ensure that each subject area is taught each year that thechild is homeschooled.

(e) If applicable, the name of the public school in this State which the child most recently attended; and

(f) An optional statement prohibiting release of the information provided in the notice of intent.


School districts must allow homeschooled children to participate in the high school proficiency examination and all college entrance examinations including the SAT, the ACT, the PSAT, and the National Merit Scholarship Qualifying test. Information about the availability of these tests shall be maintained on the school district's website. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 392.700(11).
A school or organization shall not discriminate in any manner against a child who was or is homeschooled.Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 392.700(10). 

 The school district shall provide a written acknowledgement that the parent filed the notice of intent. This acknowledgement shall be deemed proof of compliance with Nevada's compulsory attendance law. The school district shall retain a copy of the written acknowledgement for not less than 15 years.The notice of intent to homeschool must include only the following: 



KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:32 PM
1 mom liked this


New Hampshire

New Hampshire HS Coalition

New Hampshire

 Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 6  years of age and under 18 years of age" New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated § 193:1. "A child who reaches his sixth birthday after September 30 shall not be required to attend school … until the    following year."

 Required Days of Instruction: 180 days (not required for home schools).

 Required Subjects: Science, mathematics, language, government, history, health, reading, writing, spelling, the history of the constitutions of New Hampshire and the U.S., and an exposure to and appreciation of art and music. (§193-A:4(I))

 Teacher Qualifications: None.

Standardized Tests: The parent can satisfy the testing requirement by submitting one of the following to the participating agency (see paragraph 1 below) by July 1st: 
   1. A written evaluation of educational progress prepared by a certified teacher or a current non- public school teacher selected by the parent, after reviewing the student's portfolio and discussing with the parent or child; or 
   2. The results of any national student achievement test administered by a person meeting the provider's or publisher's qualifications, with a composite score at or above the 40th percentile; or 
   3. The results of the state student assessment test used by the resident district, with a composite score at or above the 40th percentile; or
   4. The child may be evaluated using any other valid measurement tool mutually agreed upon by the parent and the participating agency." The parent shall have one year to provide remedial instruction to the child, in the event that the child "does not demonstrate educational progress for age and ability at a level commensurate with his ability." Continuation of home education shall be contingent upon the child demonstrating progress "commensurate with his age and ability." "The family has a right to request a hearing if, after a year of remedial instruction, the commissioner determines the child has not made adequate progress." (§193-A:6)

 To home school, a parent must do the following: 
   1. A parent must file an annual notice. It is due within 30 days of the annual commencement the home school program, or within 30 days of withdrawing from public school or moving into the school district. (§ 193-A:5). A home education program should begin no later than the first day of public school in the area to ensure compliance with § 193:1. 
   2. The notice is filed with the parent's choice of a "participating agency"-either the commissioner of education (not recommended), district superintendent, or principal of a non-public school. (§ 193-A:5.(I)) 
   3. The notice must include the children's names, addresses and birth dates. (§193-A:5(II)). 
   4. The parent shall maintain a portfolio of records and materials relative to the home education program consisting of: a log of reading materials used and samples of writings, worksheets, workbooks or creative materials used or developed by the child. (§193-A:6(I)). The parent must retain the portfolio for two years. 
   5. The bill that created the home school law also provided a statement of legislative intent: "The general court recognizes in the enactment of RSA 193-A ... that it is the primary right and obligation of a parent to choose the appropriate educational alternative for a child under his care and supervision, as provided by law ... The general court further recognizes that home education is more individualized than instruction normally provided in the classroom setting." 
   6. Home education programs automatically terminate each year on August 1st. If a family terminates a home education program before August 1st, a written notice of termination must be filed with the Commissioner of Education within 15 days. 
   7. Prior to May 12, 2006, the effective date of House Bill 406, §193-A:5(I) provided that: "The commissioner of education shall acknowledge in writing that the parent shall be permitted to initiate a home education program for a child …" By repealing this provision, the legislature affirmed that parents can home school without obtaining the permission of any official.

Reference: Click Here


New Hampshire State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:  2
  • Social studies units:  2.5 (1 unit U.S. and NH history and government, 1 unit "social studies elective" and .5 unit "basic business and economic education.")
  • Science units:  2.  (1 unit each of physical sciences and biological sciences)
  • P.E./Health units:  1.25.  (1 unit p.e. and .25 unit "health education.")
  • Arts:  .5
  • Foreign language:  0
  • Electives units:  7
  • Other units:  .5. (.5 unit computer education)
TOTAL # units:  19.75

Other diploma options:  State does not offer differentiated diploma pathways. State has policy on awarding proficiency-based credit.
KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:34 PM

New Jersey -

New Jersey HS Assoc

New Jersey

Compulsory Attendance Ages: “between the ages of six and 16 years.” New Jersey Statutes Annotated § 18A:38-25.

Required Days of Instruction: None required. Public schools must remain open for instruction for at least 180 days each school year. (Atty. Gen. F.O. 1975, No. 19)

Required Subjects: Instruction academically “equivalent” to that in the public schools is required. In addition to language arts, math and science, public schools are required to teach 1) a two-year course in high school in U.S. and New Jersey history; 2) a one-year elementary school course in community civics, citizenship, and New Jersey civics, geography and history; 3) 2.5 hours per week in health, safety and physical education each year. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:35-1 to 35-5.4.

Home School Statute: None.

Alternative Statute Allowing for Home Schools: N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:38-25.

To home school, parents must meet the following requirements:

1. The child must attend a public school “or a day school in which there is given instruction equivalent to that provided in the public schools for children of similar grades … or receive equivalent instruction elsewhere than at school.” Home schooling is generally allowed under the “elsewhere than at school” portion of the statute.

2. Based on State v. Massa, 95 N.J. Super. 382, 231 A.2d 252 (Morris County Ct. Law Div. 1967):

a. If legal action is initiated, parents must carry the burden of providing the local superintendent with evidence that the child is in fact receiving equivalent instruction.

b. Then the burden shifts to the state to show that there is a lack of equivalency in the particular home school. The court in Massa stated that the state must prove “beyond a reasonable doubt” that the parents failed to provide their child with equivalent education. 231 A.2d at 257.

c. Note: The Massa case interpreted “equivalent” as requiring only a showing of academic equivalency, not equivalency of social development derived from group education. Massa, 231 A.2d at 257.

d. In Massa, the court held: “This court agrees with the above decisions that the number of students does not determine a school and further, that a certain number of students need not be present to attain an equivalent education.” Massa at 256. The court reiterated Commonwealth v. Roberts, 34 NE 402 (1893) by emphasizing that the object of the statute is that “all children shall be educated, not that they shall be educated in a particular way.” Id.

3. It is clear from the New Jersey courts that “parents have a constitutional right to choose the type and character of education they feel is best suited for their children, be it secular or sectarian.” West Morris Board of Education v. Sills, 110 N.J. Super. 234, 265 A.2d 162 (N.J. Super. Ct. Ch. Div. 1970).

Department of Education Policy: In September 2001, the New Jersey Department of Education published Frequently Asked Questions about Home Schooling in New Jersey containing 14 questions and answers as a guide for local school districts in enforcing New Jersey’s compulsory education law. They can be found athttp://www.state.nj.us/education/genfo/faq/faq_homeschool.htm .The highlights of the policy are as follows:

1. “Parents/Guardians are not required by law to notify their public school district of their intention to educate the child elsewhere than at school.” (Answer to question number 4).

2. “The law does not require or authorize the local board of education to review and approve the curriculum or program of a child educated elsewhere than at school.” (Answer to question number 5).

3. “If there is credible evidence that the parent ... is not causing the child either to attend school (public or nonpublic) or to receive equivalent instruction elsewhere than at school, the board may request documentation, such as a letter of intent from the parent/guardian showing that the child is either in nonpublic school or receiving equivalent instruction elsewhere than at school. The mere fact that a child has been withdrawn to be home schooled is not, in itself, credible evidence of a legal violation.” (Answer to question number 3).

Teacher Qualifications: None. The court in Massa stated that a parent does not have to be certified. The court reasoned; “perhaps the New Jersey Legislature intended the word ‘equivalent’ to mean taught by a certified teacher elsewhere than at school. However, I believe there are teachers today teaching in various schools in New Jersey who are not certified. . . . Had the legislature intended such a requirement, it would have said so.” Massa, 231 A.2d at 256.

Standardized Tests: None.

Access to Special Services: The New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division, ruled in HSLDA's case of Forstrom v. Byrne, A-2886-99T2, that home school families have a right to access to special services through the public schools if: 1) the special services are provided on the premises of the public school; and 2) the public school is already making such services available to private school students.


New Jersey State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  20 credits (4 Carnegie units)
  • Math units:  15 credits (3 Carnegie units)
  • Social studies units:  15 credits (3 Carnegie units) (Must include 2-year course in U.S. and New Jersey state history. Must include instruction in American government and principles. )
  • Science units:  15 credits (3 Carnegie units)
  • P.E./Health units:  15 credits (3 Carnegie units).  "At least 3 3/4 credits in health, safety, and physical education during each year of enrollment, distributed as 150 minutes per week...."
  • Arts:  5 credits (1 Carnegie unit) (5 credits in visual and performing arts)
  • Foreign language:  5 credits (1 Carnegie unit)
  • Electives units:  10 credits (2 Carnegie units)
  • Other units:  5 (1 Carnegie unit). "Technological literacy, consistent with the Core Curriculum Content Standards," must be "integrated throughout the curriculum...." However, students are not required to complete specified credits in technology courses.
TOTAL # units:  110 credits (22 Carnegie units)

Other diploma options:  State does not offer differentiated diploma pathways. State has multiple policies on awarding proficiency-based credit. 

Notes:  Requirements are listed in administrative code as "credits" rather than Carnegie units. Five credits appear to equal one Carnegie unit. District boards must adopt requirements for a state-endorsed diploma, which must include either (1) completion of the 110 credit requirement through course completion or (2) completion of 110 credits in part or in whole through a proficiency-based mechanism (see "Other Diploma Options" below). Local requirements must, in addition to course/competency requirements, include "local student attendance requirements."


KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:37 PM

New Mexico -

List of Support Groups


New Mexico

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 5 (on September 1 of the school year) to age of majority, unless the person has graduated from high school. (§§ 22-8-2(M),
   (22-12-2). With consent of the parents, the superintendent may excuse children under eight years of age from compulsory attendance. § 22-12-2(4))

• Required Days of Instruction: Length of time of the school year that is established in the school district in which the person is a resident. (§ 22-12-2(B))

• Required Subjects: Including but not limited to reading, language arts, mathematics, social studies, and science. (§ 22-1-2(E))

• Teacher Qualifications: Parent must possess at least a high school diploma or its equivalent. § 22-1-2.1(C))

• Standardized Tests: None. On March 15, 2001, New Mexico enacted S.B. 374 which specifically repealed testing requirements for home schoolers.

• Definition: Home schools are operated by a parent or legal guardian of a school-age person who instructs a home study program, including but not limited to reading,  language arts, mathematics, social studies, and science. These students are not considered public school students and do not receive credits for the courses, unless the home study program is through an accredited correspondence school.

   1. Notify the state superintendent of their intent within thirty days of the establishment of the home school and by April 1 of each subsequent year. The April 1 notice must identify the school district. New Mexico home schoolers are under no legal obligation to notify their local school district that they are home schooling. Families who are receiving public assistance may need to notify their district in order to continue to receive public aid. 
   2. Maintain disease immunization records (a waiver may be obtained due to religious objections). 
   3. The definition of "private school" specifically excludes home schools and home school satellite programs. (§ 22-1-2(K))

• College Admissions for Homeschoolers: In determining the standard of requirements for admission to their respective institutions, boards of regents [for institutions of higher  education] shall not require a student who has completed the requirements of a home based or non-public school educational program and who has submitted test scores that otherwise qualify him for admission to that institution, to obtain or submit proof of having obtained a general education development certificate. In determining requirements for admission, boards of regents shall evaluate and treat applicants from home-based education programs or non-public school fairly and in a nondiscriminatory manner. (§ 21-1-1(B))

Reference: Click Here


New Mexico State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  4.  In addition to 4 units in English, Students must complete 1 unit "in communication skills or business education...."
  • Math units:  3, incl. 1 unit Algebra I. At least 1 unit must be equivalent to Algebra I or higher.
  • Social studies units     3.  Must include U.S. "history and geography, world history and geography and government and economics"
  • Science units:  2, including 1 unit lab
  • P.E./Health units:  1
  • Notes/Citation: 1 unit P.E.
  • Arts:  0
  • Foreign language:  0.  No units of foreign language explicitly required, but students must complete 1 unit "in communication skills or business education, with a major emphasis on writing and speaking and that may include a language other than English."
  • Electives units:  9
    • Eff. Class of 2013: Student service learning must be offered as an elective.
  • Other units:  Students must complete 1 unit "in communication skills or business education, with a major emphasis on writing and speaking and that may include a language other than English."

TOTAL # unit:  23 Eff. Class of 2013: 24

Other diploma options:  State does not offer differentiated diploma pathways. State does not have policy on awarding proficiency-based credit. 

Technical notes and citationsEff. Class of 2013, at least one of the units required for graduation must be completed through a distance learning course, Advanced Placement or honors course, or dual-credit course offered in cooperation with an institution of higher education. The default diploma eff. Class of 2013 is the New Mexico diploma of excellence.    

KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:39 PM
2 moms liked this

New York -

NY Home Educator Network

New York

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 6 (on or before the first of December in any school year) and 16 (the last day of session in the school year in which the minor becomes sixteen years of age) or completion of high school. (Effective July 1, 2005, the local board of education can raise the compulsory attendance age in their school district from 16 to 17 if the minor is not employed.) (§ 3205)

• Required Days of Instruction: Substantial equivalent of 180 days. 900 hours per year for grades 1-6; 990 hours per year for grades 7-12.

• Required Subjects: (§§ 801, 804, 806, 808, 3204)
   Grades K-12: Patriotism and citizenship, about substance abuse, traffic safety, fire safety; 

   Grades 1 through 6: Arithmetic, reading, spelling, writing, English, geography, United States history, science, health, music, visual arts, and physical education; 

   Grades 7 and 8: English, history and geography, science, mathematics, physical education, health, art, music, practical arts, and library skills; (at least once in first 8 grades): United States and New York history and constitutions; 

   Grades 9 through 12: English, social studies-including American history, participation in government, and economics-math, science, art or music, health, physical education, and electives. N.Y. Educ. Law

• Teacher Qualifications: Instruction need only be given by a competent teacher.
   (§ 3204) The parent does not need to be certified. A parent is deemed "competent" if the regulations below are followed.

• Standardized Tests: The parent can choose one of five approved standardized tests, at    a place of the parents' choosing.

• A child "may attend a public school or elsewhere." (§ 3204(2)). Instruction given to a minor "elsewhere" must be "at least substantially equivalent to the instruction given to minors of like age or attainments at the public schools." Using this statute as its authority, the state board of education, in 1988, enacted home school regulations. 
   These home school regulations require parents to do the following: 
   a. submit a notice of intent to home school to the district superintendent by July 1 (the beginning of the school year) annually, or within fourteen days of starting home schooling during the middle of a school year. 
   b. subsequently, fill out an Individualized Home Instruction Plan (IHIP) form according to deadlines specified in the regulations, containing 
       (1) the child's name, age, and grade level; 
       (2) a list of the syllabi, curriculum materials, textbooks, or a plan of instruction; 
       (3) dates for submission of quarterly reports; and 
       (4) name of the persons giving instruction. 
   c. maintain records of attendance (180 days). 
   d. file quarterly reports giving 
       (1) the number of hours of instruction during quarter, 
       (2) description of material covered in each subject, and 
       (3) a grade or narrative evaluation in each subject (the superintendent has no authority to judge the adequacy of these reports); and 
   e. file an annual assessment including 
       (1) achievement test results, or 
       (2) alternative evaluation by any of the following: 
            (a) a certified teacher, 
            (b) a home instruction peer review panel, 
            (c) or other person. For grades one through three, the alternative evaluation may be used. In grades four through eight, the alternative evaluation may be  used every other year. Beginning with ninth grade, standardized testing must be done every year. The child's composite score must be above the 33rd  percentile.

Reference: Click Here


New York State High School Graduation Requirements:
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:  3
  • Social studies units:  4.  1 unit American history, .5 unit each in "participation in government" and "economics or their equivalent."
  • Science units:  3 (incl. min. 1 unit lab).  3 units of "commencement level science," including 1 unit life sciences, 1 unit physical sciences and 1 unit either life sciences or physical sciences.
  • P.E./Health units:  2.5.  2 units p.e. and .5 unit health education.
  • Arts:  1
  • Foreign language:  1
  • Electives units:  0
  • Other units:  0
TOTAL # units:  22.  18.5 state-determined units and 3.5 district-determined units.

Other diploma options:  State offers honors/college prep and technical curriculum options and proficiency-based credit option. 


KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:42 PM
2 moms liked this

North Carolina

North Carolina for Home Education

North Carolina

Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 7and 16. (§ 115C-378)

 Required Days of Instruction: at least nine calendar months of the year, excluding reasonable holidays and vacations. (§ 115-548 or § 115-556)

 Required Subjects: None required but annual standardized testing must measure achievement in the areas of English grammar, reading, spelling, and mathematics.

Teacher Qualifications: Parent must have high school diploma or a GED. (§ 115C-564)

 Standardized Tests: Parent must administer an annual standardized test (§ 115C-564) any time during the school year which must be made available on request "for inspection" by the state "at reasonable times. For one year after the testing, all records shall be made available ... at the principal office of such school, at all reasonable times, for annual inspection by a duly authorized representative of the State of North Carolina." (§ 115C-549 or § 115C-557).

 Definition: "Home school means a nonpublic school in which one or more children of not more than two families or households receive academic instruction from parents, or legal guardian, or a member from either household." (§ 115C-563) 
   1. A home school must meet the following requirements: 
       a. operate for a nine calendar month school term. (§ 115C-548 or § 115C-556)
       b. keep attendance records and disease immunization records. (§ 115C-548 or § 115C-556)
       c. any new home school shall notify the State Director of the Division of Nonpublic Education of their intent to operate and include the name and address of the school, the school's owner, and chief administrator. (§ 115C-552 or § 115C-560)
       d. the home school must also elect to operate either under the qualifications of a "private church school or school of religious character" (§ 115C-547 through § 115C-554) or under the qualifications of a "qualified nonpublic school" (§ 115C-555 through § 115C-562). The requirements of these two options are basically the same and are summarized in a) through c) above. 
       e. if the home school operates in a private home, all safety and sanitation requirements are automatically waived. (§ 115C-564)
   2. "It is the public policy of the State in matters of education that "No human authority shall, in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience', or with religious liberty and that religion, morality and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind ... the means of education shall forever be encouraged." (§ 115C-547)

 College Admissions for Homeschoolers: North Carolina House Bill 746 (1997), which was passed by the General Assembly and signed into law by the Governor, directed the University of North Carolina Board of Governors to review the University's admissions procedures, practices and requirements regarding applicants from home schools in compliance with North Carolina law. This states that the University policy must "not arbitrarily differentiate between applicants based upon whether the applicant attended a public or a lawfully operated nonpublic school."

Reference: Click Here 


North Carolina State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:
    • College prep: 4.  "algebra I, algebra II, geometry, and a higher level course for which algebra II is a prerequisite; or integrated mathematics I, II, III, and one course beyond integrated mathematics III."
    • Career prep and college/tech prep: 3.  3 units, 1 of which must be Algebra I. College technical prep: 3 units, which must "be either algebra I, geometry, and algebra II; or algebra I, technical mathematics I, and technical mathematics II; or integrated mathematics I, II, and III."
  • Social studies units:  3.  All diploma options: Civics and Economics, U.S. history, and World History.
  • Science units:  3. Must include biology, a physical science, and earth/environmental science.
  • P.E./Health units:  1.  1 unit "in health and physical education."
  • Arts:  0.  "All students are encouraged, but not required, to include at least one elective course in arts education."
    • Career prep: 4 units in career/technical education, which must be in a career concentration or pathway that leads to a specific career field and which must include a second-level (advanced) course; or 4 units in 1 of the 4 arts disciplines: theatre, music, visual arts or dance; or 4 units in R.O.T.C. College prep and college technical prep options do not mention arts.
  • Foreign language: 
    • College prep: 2.  2 units in same language or demonstration of proficiency in a foreign language as determined by the local district.
    • Career prep and college technical prep: 0
  • Electives units:
    • College prep: 3
    • Career prep and college technical prep: 2
  • Other units:  All students must demonstrate computer proficiency as a prerequisite for high school graduation.
    • College prep: 0
    • Career prep: 4.  Four credits in career/technical education, which shall be in a career concentration or pathway that leads to a specific career field and which shall include a second-level (advanced) course; or four credits in one of the four disciplines in arts education: theatre, music, visual arts, or dance; or four credits in R.O.T.C.
    • College technical prep: 4.  Four credits in career/technical education, which shall be in a career concentration or pathway that leads to a specific career field and which shall include a second-level (advanced) course.

TOTAL # units:  20 / Eff. Class of 2013: 21

Other diploma options:  The state offers 1 honors/college prep. diploma and two technical diplomas: the career preparation and college technical preparation diploma. All three diploma options described in the "standard" diploma section. State has proficiency-based credit option.

The state offers 1 honors/college prep. diploma and two technical diplomas: the career preparation and college technical preparation diploma.

Eff. Class of 2013, the career preparation, college technical preparation and college/university preparation courses of study are eliminated in favor of a common course of study for all students, the Future Ready Core. The senior project requirement will remain in force under the new core.

KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:44 PM

North Dakota - 

North Dakota HS Association

North Dakota

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 7 and 16. (§ 15.1-20-01)

• Required Days of Instruction: 175 days per year, 4 hours per day.§ 15.1-23-04)

• Required Subjects: English language arts, including reading, composition, creative writing, English grammar, and spelling; mathematics; social studies, including the United States Constitution, and United States history, geography, and government; science, including agriculture; physical education; health, including physiology, hygiene, disease control, and the nature and effects of alcohol, tobacco, and narcotics. §§ 15.1-23-04    and 15.1-21-01)

• Teacher Qualifications: A parent is qualified to supervise a program of home education if the parent meets one of the following requirements:                                                                                                                                                                           (1) has a high school diploma or general equivalency diploma (GED) or                                                                                        (2) has no diploma and is monitored by a certified teacher during the first two years of home instruction. If the child scores below the 50th percentile on a required standardized achievement test during the time of monitoring, the monitoring must continue until the child achieves a score at or above the 50th percentile. If testing is not required in either of the first two years of monitoring, the monitoring may not be extended without the mutual consent of the parents and the monitor. N.D. Cent. Code §§ 15.1-23-03 and 15.1-23-06.  • Any certified teacher supervising home education for one child shall spend an "average of one hour per week in contact with the child and the child's parent. If two or more children receive home education, the individual shall spend one-half hour per month for each additional child receiving home education." The time may be reduced proportionately if the child is in attendance in a public school or an approved private school on a part-time basis. The teacher shall evaluate and report on the student's progress at least twice annually to district or county superintendent. (§ 15.1-23-07)

 

• Standardized Tests: Under the home school statute, a standardized achievement test must be given to each home schooled student in grades 4, 6, 8, and 10. A certified teacher must administer the test, and it must be given in the child's learning environment or the public school at the option of the parent. Results must be provided to the local public school superintendent or county superintendent of schools. (§§  15.1-23-09 and 15.1-23-11)

   If the child's basic composite scores fall below the 30th percentile, the child must be professionally evaluated for a potential learning problem by a multidisciplinary assessment team. If the multidisciplinary team determines that the child is not learning disabled and does not need special education services, the parent may continue to provide instruction if the parent files with the local superintendent or county superintendent (if there is no local superintendent) a plan of remediation to address the academic deficiencies of the child. This plan must be developed by the parent in consultation with and with the approval of a state-certified teacher. The plan of remediation must remain in effect until the child achieves a test score at or above the 30th percentile or a score indicating one year of academic progress. If a child has a disability which requires special education services, the parent must file an individualized education program with the superintendent of the school district. (§§ 15.1-23-11, 15.1-23-12, and 15.1-23-13)

• Definition: Home education is an educational program for a child provided by the child's parent in the child's home. (§§ 15.1-20-04 and 15.1-23-01). Compulsory attendance requirements do not apply to a child receiving home education. (§ 15.1-20-02). 
   Each home school must meet the following conditions: 
   1. Every parent shall maintain an annual record of courses and the child's academic progress assessments, including any standardized achievement test results. (§ 15.1-23-05) 
   2. The parent must file an annual statement of intent to home school with the local or county superintendent of schools. The statement must be filed at least 14 days prior to the beginning of home education or within 14 days of the establishment of residency within the district. The statement must include: the names and addresses of both the children and the parent who will supervise the home education, the dates of birth and grade levels of the children, and the qualifications of the parents who will supervise the instruction. The statement must include any public school courses in which the child intends to participate and the school district offering the courses and any extracurricular activities in which the child intends to participate and the school district or approved nonpublic school offering the activities. It must  include a copy of the child's birth certificate (§ 54-23.2-04.2) and proof of an immunization record (§ 23-07-16). (§ 15.1-23-02) 
   3. The parent must meet the qualification requirements below. 
   4. Children with "developmental disabilities" may be home schooled, by meeting the requirements of §§ 15.1-23-14 and 15.1-23-15.

• Alternative Statute Allowing for Home Schools: (§ 15.1-20-02):

   Parents educating their children at home are free to elect between the private school exception and the home education exception to the compulsory attendance law.

   A parent can choose to conduct home instruction as a private school by doing the following: 
   1. The child must be in attendance for the same length of time as public schools are in session (180 days); 
   2. The private school must be approved by the county superintendent of schools and  the superintendent of public instruction; and 
   3. Approval will not be granted unless the parent is a state-certified teacher and the required subjects are taught as described above. (§ 15.1-20-02)

• Children with Developmental Disabilities: A parent providing home schooling to a child with developmental disabilities must file with the local superintendent progress reports prepared by an individualized education program team selected by the parent on or before November 1, February 1, and May 1 of each school year.

   A parent may provide home education to a developmentally disabled child under the following conditions:
   1. The child has been determined to have a developmental disability by a licensed psychologist; 
   2. The child's parent qualifies to provide home education under § 15.1-23-03, as described above; and 
   3. The child's parent files with the superintendent of the child's school district of residence: 
       (a). A notice that the child will receive home education, 
       (b). A copy of the child's diagnosis of a developmental disability prepared and attested to by a licensed psychologist, and 
       (c). A services plan developed and followed by the child's school district of residence and the child's parent; or, after providing written notice to the superintendent of the child's school district of residence, a substitute services plan, developed and followed by a services plan team selected by and compensated by the child's parent. §§ 15.1-23-14 and 15.1-23-15)

Reference: Click Here


North Dakota State High School Graduation Reqirements:

TOTAL # units:  21 (Eff. Class of 2012: 24)

North Dakota does not have statewide high school graduation requirements.

Other diploma options:  State does not offer differentiated diploma pathways. State does not have policy on awarding proficiency-based credit.


KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:47 PM

Ohio -

Ohio Home Educator Network

Ohio

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 6 and 18. (§ 3321.01(A)(1))

• Required Days of Instruction: 900 hours. (§ 3301-34-03(A)(8))

• Required Subjects: Including language arts, geography, history of United States and Ohio, government, math, health, physical education, fine arts, first aid and science. (§    3301-34-03(A)(5).

• Teacher Qualifications:

   Option 1: (§ 3301-34-03(A)(9)) The "home teacher" must have a high school diploma or    GED or test scores which demonstrate high school equivalence or the parent must    "work under the direction of a person holding a baccalaureate degree … until children's    test results demonstrate reasonable proficiency…." 

   Option 2: Teachers and administrators must have received a bachelor's degree or the equivalent thereof from a recognized college or university. If the parent teaches for 12 hours or less, they do not have to hold a bachelor's degree as they qualify as a "teacher's aide" to the parent with the degree.

• Standardized Tests:

   Option 1: (§ 3301-34-04). Parents have three options. At the time of notification, the family must send: 
   1. A child's test scores. If a child is tested, the child must have a composite score at least at the 25th percentile on a nationally normed standardized achievement test administered by either 
       a. A certified teacher, or 
       b. The public school, or 
       c. Another person mutually agreed upon" by the parents and superintendent, or 
       d. A "person duly authorized by the publisher of the test." 
   2. Or a "written narrative indicating that a portfolio of samples of the child's work has been reviewed and that the child's academic progress for the year is in accordance with the child's abilities." If a written narrative is prepared, it must be written by either: 
       a. A certified teacher, or 
       b. "Other person mutually agreed upon."
   3. Or an alternative assessment mutually agreed upon by the parents and the superintendent.

• Option 2: No testing required.

• Home schools have two options:

   Option 1: The superintendent of schools of the school district in which the child resides may excuse him from attendance upon satisfactory showing that the child is being instructed at home by a person qualified to teach the branches in which instruction is required. (§ 3301) According to these rules: 
   1. Home education' means education primarily directed and provided by the parent (§ 3301-34-01(B). 
   2. The purpose of the rules in this chapter is to prescribe conditions governing the issuance of excuses from school attendance under section 3321.04 … to provide for the consistent application thereof throughout the state by superintendents, and to safeguard the primary right of parents to provide the education for their child(ren). Home education must be in accordance with the law." (§ 3301-34-02 
   3. A parent must provide an annual notification to home school to the appropriate superintendent which shall include (§ 3301-34-03(A)): 
       a. school year for which notification is made; 
       b. name and address of the parent, and full name and birth date of child; 
       c. name and address of person(s) who will be teaching the child, if other than the parent; 
       d. assurance that the home school will include the required subjects listed above ("except that home education shall not be required to include any concept, topic, or practice that is in conflict with the sincerely held religious beliefs of the parent"); 
       e. a brief outline of intended curriculum and list of textbooks or other basic teaching materials. "Such outline … [and] list is for informational purposes only"; and 
       f. assurance of hours and qualifications (see below). 
   4. The superintendent shall review the information within 14 days and "determine if it is in compliance" with the rules. If the home schooler's information is incomplete, he will notify the parents and give them 14 days to supplement information or meet with him. If the "superintendent has substantial evidence that the minimum educational requirements of paragraph A (§3301-34-03 (A)] will not be met," he shall deny the excuse. He must state the reason and inform the parents of their right to a due process hearing before him (he must provide a record of proceedings and allow for oral testimony). (§ 3301-34-03(C)(D). If the superintendent completely denies the home school, the family has 10 days to appeal to the local juvenile court pursuant to Oh. Rev. Code § 3331.08. (Alternative Statutes Allowing for Home Schools: Non-Chartered School ("08 School")

   Option 2: A parent who has a bachelor's degree and who objects to government controlled education because of truly held religious beliefs may establish a non chartered, non-tax supported school pursuant to § 3301-35-08. (These are generally known as "08 schools.") 
   Such schools must annually certify that the school meets the Ohio minimum standards below. Each parent of a child in the school must receive this report, and a copy must be filed with the Ohio Department of Education on or before September 30th each year. The minimum standards for 08 schools are: 
   1. School year. The school shall be open for instruction with pupils in attendance for not less than one hundred eighty-two days each school year; 
   2. School Day. The school day for pupils in grades one through twelve shall be no less than five hours, not counting recess; 
   3. Pupil attendance. Parents are responsible for reporting their child's attendance at a non-chartered school. Within the first two weeks of the beginning of each school year, the parents must report the name, age, and place of residence of each pupil below eighteen years of age. This report is to be made to the treasurer of the board of education of the school district in which each student resides. If a pupil enters or leaves a non-chartered school during the school year, the parents must notify the treasurer of the local school board within the first week of the next school month. 
   4. Teacher and administrator qualifications. Teachers and administrators shall have received a bachelor's degree or the equivalent thereof from a recognized college or university. Persons without a bachelor's degree may act as "teacher's aides" for up to 12 hours per week in such a school. (For rules governing teacher's aides in public schools, see ORC § 3319.088. 
   5. Courses of Study. Each 08 school shall have courses of study for the following subjects: language arts; geography, history of United States and Ohio, government; math; health; physical education; fine arts (including music); science; and first aid, safety, and fire prevention. 
   6. Pupil promotion. Each 08 school shall follow regular procedures for promotion from grade to grade of pupils who have met the school's educational requirements. 
   7. Pupil health and safety. If an 08 school comprises a single family or multiple "campus sites" in individual homes, they need only comply with health, fire, and safety laws applicable to private residences. Schools that serve more than one family in the same residence may have to comply with institutional health, fire, and safety laws.

Reference: Click Here 


Ohio State High School Graduation Standards
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:  3
    • Eff. Class of 2014: 4, incl. Algebra II
  • Social studies units:  3.  All students must complete "one unit of American history and government, including a study of the" U.S. and Ohio constitutions.
  • Science units:  3, incl. 1 unit each biological sciences and physical sciences
    • Eff. Class of 2014: 3 lab, incl. 1 unit biology, 1 unit physical sciences, 1 unit advanced science chosen from: (a) chemistry, physics or other physical science; (b) advanced biology or other life science; (c) astronomy, physical geology, or other earth or space science.
  • P.E./Health units:  1. (5 unit each of P.E. and health)
  • Arts:  0.  Each student's electives shall include at least one unit, or two half units, chosen from among the areas of business/technology, fine arts, and/or foreign language.
  • Foreign language:  0. Each student's electives shall include at least one unit, or two half units, chosen from among the areas of business/technology, fine arts, and/or foreign language.
  • Electives units:  6.  Each student's electives shall include at least one unit, or two half units, chosen from among the areas of business/technology, fine arts, and/or foreign language.
    • Eff. Class of 2014: 5.  Units must be chosen from "foreign language, fine arts, business, career-technical education, family and consumer sciences, technology, agricultural education, or English language arts, mathematics, science, or social studies courses not otherwise required...."
  • Other units:  0.  Each student's electives shall include at least one unit, or two half units, chosen from among the areas of business/technology, fine arts, and/or foreign language.
TOTAL # units:  20

Other diploma options:  State offers college prep and technical diploma options. State will begin phasing in proficiency-based credit option during the 2009-2010 school year.
KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:51 PM
1 mom liked this

Oklahoma - 

OK Home Education Resources

Oklahoma

The state of Oklahoma recognizes your right to "in good faith" home educate your children and asks only that you provide 175 days of instruction.

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 5 and 18. (§ 10-105(A)-(B))

• Required Days of Instruction: 180 days. (§ 1-109)

• Required Subjects: None, strictly speaking. However, some courts have suggested that home school education should be equivalent or comparable to public school education. Teaching the following subjects is therefore strongly recommended: math, language arts, science, and social studies. (§ 11-103.6)

• Teacher Qualifications: None.

• Standardized Tests: Not required by statute.

• Alternative Statutes Allowing for Home Schools: Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70 § 10-105(A).

   1. It is unlawful for a parent of a school aged child "to neglect or refuse to cause or compel such child to attend and comply with the rules of some public, private or other school, unless other means of education [i.e., home schooling] are provided for the full term the schools of the district are in session." 
   2. Oklahoma is the only state with a constitutional provision guaranteeing the right to home school. 
   3. Oklahoma law does not require parents to use certified teachers or state-approved curricula, initiate contact with, register with or seek approval from state or local officials, test their students or permit public school officials to visit or inspect homes. If a parent is teaching his children the basic subjects for at least 180 days, the law requires nothing more. 
   4. Home schools are not regulated, since the framers of the Oklahoma Constitution specifically intended "other means of education" to include home schooling and gave the state no authority to regulate that exemption from compulsory attendance

Reference: Click Here 


Oklahoma State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:  3, incl. Algebra I
  • Social studies units:  3
  • Science units:  3, incl. Biology 1
  •  P.E./Health units:  0. 
  • Arts:  2
  • Foreign language:  0.  Pre-Class of 2010: Foreign language encouraged but not required.
  • Electives units:  8
  • Other units:  0
TOTAL # units:  23

Other diploma options:  State allows local boards to offer honors/college prep curriculum option (districts not mandated to offer) and proficiency-based credit option.
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