Join the Meeting Place for Moms!
Talk to other moms, share advice, and have fun!

(minimum 6 characters)

Homeschooling Moms Homeschooling Moms

Ok, so I know one of the #1 questions we get is "Where do I start?" and the #1 response? With the laws in your state. Each state has their own rules and requirements. So I thought I'd just start a post where I'll add in an overview of the HS laws in each state. 

Please remember, homeschool laws are subject to change. Use this post as a spring board, not legal advice. The laws in your state may have changed since I posted it.

Happy Learning!
Shannon 

  Articles / Kicbuttmama's Crazy Lapbooks / Kickbuttmama's Home Education / KBM Creations  / Pintrest
Albert Einstein -- 
   "Everybody is a Genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will spend its whole life believing it is stupid." 

by on Jan. 16, 2014 at 4:23 PM
Replies (41-50):
KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:53 PM

Oregon - 

Oregon Home Ed Network

Oregon

 Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between the ages of 7 and 18 years who have not completed the twelfth grade.” Or. Rev. Stat. § 339.010.

Required Days of Instruction: None.

 Required Subjects: None.

 Teacher Qualifications: None.

 Home School Statute: ORS §§ 339.030(1)(d) and 339.035; Or. Admin. Rules 581-021-0026 and 581-021-0029.

   Children are exempt from public school if they are "being educated in the children's home by a parent or legal guardian." (ORS § 339.030 (1)(d)). A parent may home school under this law provided the requirements below are followed: 
   1. The parent or guardian must notify the education service district (ESD) in writing within 10 days when a child is taught at home or is withdrawn from a public school to be taught at home. When a child moves to a new ESD, the parent or guardian must notify the new ESD in writing within 10 days of such occurrence. Annual notification is not required. (ORS § 339.035 (2). OAR 581-021-0026 (4)) The notice must include the child's and parent's names and addresses, the child's birth date, and the name of the school the child is presently attending or last attended or, if the child has not attended school, the name of the public school district where the child resides. (OAR 581-021-0026 (1)(f)) 
   2. The ESD is required to acknowledge receipt of the notice of intent in writing within 90 days of receipt of the notification. (ORS § 339.035 (2) and OAR 581-021-0026 (4)(a)) 
   3. The parent of a child who turns seven (7) after September 1 shall not be required to provide notice of intent to home school until the beginning of the next school year. (OAR 581-021-0026 (11)) 
   4. A home school cannot be a private school. (ORS § 345.505(2))                                                                                                                            Standardized Tests: (ORS § 339.035(3)-(5))
   1. Parents must choose one of the comprehensive examinations approved by the State Board of Education which must be administered in grades 3, 5, 8, and 10 by "a qualified neutral person," as defined by the State Board of Education. (ORS § 339.035(3)). Testing shall occur no later than August 15. (OAR 581-021-0026 (5)+ 
   2. If the child was withdrawn from public school, the first examination must be administered at least 18 months after the date the child was withdrawn from public school. If the child never attended public or private school, the first examination must be administered to the child prior to the end of grade 3. (ORS § 339.035(3); OAR 581-021-0026 (5))
   3. The person administering the examination shall score it and report the results to the parent or legal guardian. Test results are reported to the ESD only if the superintendent of the ESD requests them. (ORS § 339.035(3)(c) and (d); OAR 581-021-0026 (5)(b) and (c))
   4. If the composite score on the examination is below the 15th percentile, the child must be given an additional examination within one year. If the score on the second examination is a lower percentile than the previous examination, the child must be given an additional examination within one year of when the second examination was given, and the superintendent of the ESD may place the education of the child under a certified teacher selected by and at the expense of the parent or guardian. (ORS § 339.035(4); OAR 581-021-0026 (7)(a) and (b))
   5. If the composite score on the third examination continues to decline, the superintendent of the ESD may: (1) allow the home schooling to continue under the supervision of a certified teacher selected by the parent or guardian and require an additional examination within one year; (2) allow the child to be taught by the parent, guardian, or private teacher and require an additional examination within one year; or (3) order the parent or guardian to send the child to school for a period not to exceed 12 consecutive months. (ORS § 339.035 (4); OAR 581-021-0026 (7)(c)) 
   6. If the composite score on an examination is equal to or greater than the percentile score on the prior test, the child may be taught by a parent, guardian, or private teacher without any previous restrictions imposed because of a declining score. (ORS § 339.035 (4)(d); OAR 581-021-0026 (7)(e))

 A child with disabilities is to be evaluated for satisfactory educational progress according to the method recommended in the individualized education plan (IEP) or privately developed plan. No testing of these students is required unless recommended in their respective plans. (ORS § 339.035 (5); OAR 581-021-0029)

Reference: Click Here 


Oregon State High School Graduation Requirements:
  • English units:  3.  Must include "the equivalent of one unit in Written Composition."
  • Math units:  2  ( Eff. Class of 2014: 3 units Algebra I and above).
  • Social studies units:  3.  Must include history, civics, geography and economics (including personal finance).
  • Science units:  2  ( Eff. Class of 2012: 3, incl. 2 lab units).
  • P.E./Health units:  2.  1 unit each health and physical education.
  • Arts:  1 unit applied arts, fine arts or foreign language.
  • Eff. Class of 2012: 3 units chosen from arts, foreign language and professional technical education.
  • Foreign language:  1 unit applied arts, fine arts or foreign language.
  • Eff. Class of 2012: 3 units chosen from arts, foreign language and professional technical education.
  • Electives units:  0
  • Other units:  1 unit applied arts, fine arts or foreign language.
  • Eff. Class of 2012: 3 units chosen from arts, foreign language and professional technical education.

TOTAL # units:  22.  .

Eff. Class of 2012: 18 state-determined units and 6 district-determined units or electives. 

Other diploma options:  State does not offer differentiated diploma pathways. State has policy on awarding proficiency-based credit. A January 2007 memo from the department of education states, "A key feature of the future [2012 and 2014] diploma will be wider use of proficiency, ensuring that all students will have the opportunity to choose to earn credit by demonstrating proficiency based on state content standards."

KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:56 PM

Pennsylvania - 

Pennsylvania Home Educator Assoc

HS Laws Fact Sheet

Pennsylvania

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: from the time the child enters school, "which shall not be later than the age of eight (8) years, until the age of seventeen (17) years." (§ 13-1327)

• Required Days of Instruction: 180 days or 900 hours at the elementary level; 180 days or 990 hours at the secondary level. (§ 13-1327.1(c))

• Required Subjects: 
   1. Elementary level: English, to include spelling, reading, and writing; arithmetic; history of Pennsylvania and United States; civics; health and physiology; physical education; music; art; geography; science; and safety education, including regular and continuous instruction in the danger and prevention of fires. 
   2. Secondary level: English, to include language, literature, speech and composition; science, geography; social studies, to include civics, world history, history of the United States and Pennsylvania; mathematics, to include general mathematics, algebra and geometry; art; music; physical education; health; and safety education, including regular and continuous instruction in the dangers and prevention of fires. (§ 13-1327.1(c)(1)-(2))

• Teacher Qualifications: Parent/supervisor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent if students are not enrolled in a day school. § 13-1327.1(a).

• Standardized Tests: Students not enrolled in a day school must be tested with a nationally normed standardized test for grades 3, 5, 8 and the results submitted with an annual portfolio. Tests shall not be administered by the child's parent or guardian. § 3-1327.1(e)(1). MAP testing is not required

Approved tests are:

 

• Parents have five options to teach their children at home:

   Option I: Home School Statute. (§ 13-1327.1) 
   1. Parent/supervisor must file a notarized affidavit with the local superintendent prior to the commencement of the home education program and annually by August 1 thereafter. The affidavit must include: 
       a.Tthe name of the parent/supervisor, name and age of children, address, and telephone number; 
       b. Assurance that subjects are taught in English; 
       c. "Outline of proposed education objectives by subject area"; 
       d. Evidence of immunization; 
       e. Receipt of health and medical services required by law; 
       f. That the home education program will comply with § 13-1327.1; 
       g. A certification that the supervisor, all adults living within the home, and persons having legal custody of the children have not been convicted of certain criminal offenses within the past five years. 
           The affidavit "shall be satisfactory evidence" of compliance with the law.
           (§ 13-1327.1(b)(1)) "The required outline of proposed education objectives shall not be utilized by the superintendent in determining if the home education program is out of compliance." (§ 13-1327.1(b)(1)). 
   2. Any student who has been identified under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) as needing special education services (excluding those identified as gifted and/or talented) must have his home education program approved by a state-certified special education teacher or a licensed clinical or school psychologist. The written approval must be submitted with the notarized affidavit. 
   3. Parent/supervisor must annually maintain and provide the superintendent with "certain documentation. This is due by June 30th:" 
       a. A portfolio of records and materials. This includes a "log … which designates reading materials used, samples of any writing, work sheets, workbooks or creative materials used by the student." (§ 13-1327.1(e)(1));
       b. "An annual written evaluation of the student's educational progress" by 
           (1) a licensed psychologist 
           (2) or, a teacher certified by the state, 
           (3) or a non/public school teacher or administrator (who must have at least two years teaching experience in the last ten years in public or nonpublic schools). The evaluation shall be based on an interview and review of the portfolio and "it shall certify whether or not an appropriate education is occurring." (§ 13-1327.1(e)(2)) 
   4. If the superintendent determines an appropriate education is not taking place, the parent/supervisor has 20 days to submit additional documentation. If there is still a problem, the family has a right of appeal to an impartial hearing examiner and then to the Secretary of Education or the court. 
   5. "A home education program shall not be considered a nonpublic school under the provisions of this Act." (§ 13-1327.1(b))

• Alternative Statutes Allowing Home Instruction:

   Option II: Private Tutor. Parents may teach their children at home if they qualify as a "properly qualified private tutor." This is defined as "a person who is certified by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to teach in the public schools of Pennsylvania; who is teaching one or more children who are members of a single family; who provides the majority of the instruction to such child or children; and who is receiving a fee or other consideration for such instructional services." The private tutor must file a copy of their Pennsylvania certification and the required criminal history record with the student's district of residence superintendent. (24 P.S. § 13-1327(a))

   Option III: Day School/Church School. Parents may teach their children at home if the home is an extension or satellite of a religious day school. Since the law simply states a child must be "enrolled," parents may "enroll" their child in a religious day school, but teach them at home. According to § 13-1327(b), such a day school must do the following: 

   1. "A child enrolled in a day school which is operated by a bona fide church or other religious body, and the parent, guardian or other person having control or charge of any such child or children of compulsory school age shall be deemed to have met the requirements of this section if that school provides a minimum of one hundred eighty (180) days of instruction or nine hundred (900) hours of instruction per year at the elementary level or nine hundred ninety (990) hours per year of instruction at the secondary level and: 
       a. At the elementary school level, the following courses are taught: English, to include spelling, reading and writing; arithmetic; science; geography; history of  the United States and Pennsylvania; civics; safety education, including regular and continuous instruction in the dangers and prevention of fires; health and physiology; physical education; music; and art. 
       b. At the secondary school level, the following courses are offered: English, to include language, literature, speech and composition; science, to include biology and chemistry; geography; social studies, to include civics, economics, world history, history of the United States and Pennsylvania; a foreign language; mathematics to include general mathematics and statistics, algebra and geometry; art; music; physical education; health and physiology; and safety education, including regular and continuous instruction in the dangers and preventions of fires."

   2. "The notarized affidavit of the principal of any such school, filed with the Department of Education and setting forth that such subjects are offered in the English language in such school, whether it is a nonprofit organization, and that such school is otherwise in compliance with the provisions of this act, shall be satisfactory and sufficient evidence thereof."

   3. "It is the policy of the Commonwealth to preserve the primary right and the obligation of the parent or parents, or person or persons in loco parentis to a child, to choose the education and training for such child. Nothing contained in this act  shall empower the Commonwealth, any of its officers, agencies or subdivisions to approve the course content, faculty, staff or disciplinary requirements of any religious school referred to in this section without the consent of said school." (24 P.S. § 13-1327(b)(2)) 
   4. Day schools are required to furnish to the local school districts a list of the names and residence of all children between six and 18 years of age enrolled in the school.  This information must be provided at the time of admission of the children to the school. Day schools are also required to report the name and date of withdrawal of any student who is still of compulsory attendance age. Additionally, day schools are supposed to report any child who has been absent from school for three days without lawful excuse. (24 P.S. § 13-1332) 
       Groups of home schoolers could organize a school under the auspices of their church. An administrator could be chosen to keep records, the teachers would be the parents, and the school campus would be divided up into each home.

Important Note: According to a Pennsylvania Homeschool Advocate, Option III (umbrella schools), is not really a legal option in PA. It came into existence prior to 1989 and was authorized by an unpublished court decision. Because the court decision was unpublished, a homeschool family might not be successful in using it as a precedent in other cases. At a minimum, this would fall under the category of "school-at-home" programs, not as a legitimate homeschooling option for PA families. Homeschool Facts recommends www.phea.net for the most up-to-date information.

   Option IV: Pennsylvania Religious Freedom Protection Act (RFPA), 71 P.S. 2401, et. seq. As a result of the restrictive home education statute, some homeschoolers have successfully invoked the RFPA, demonstrating a substantial burden on the free exercise of their religious beliefs.

Reference:Click Here 

KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 4:58 PM

Rhode Island - 

RI Guild of Home Teachers

Rhode Island

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 6 (on or before September 1 of any school year and 16 (§ 16-19-1(a)). A child age 16 or older who is "enrolled in school" must have written parental permission to stop schooling before age 18. (§ 16-19-1(b))

• Required Days of Instruction: "substantially equal to that required by law in public schools." (§ 16-19-2)

• Required Subjects: Reading, writing, geography, arithmetic, United States and Rhode Island history, principles of American government, English (§ 16-19-2), health and physical education. (§ 16-22-4). Also, beginning with fourth grade, history and government of Rhode Island must be taught. In high school the U.S. Constitution and Rhode Island Constitution must be taught.

• Teacher Qualifications: None.

• Standardized Tests: Not required by statute. The Commissioner of Education has ruled that local school districts have the authority to require some type of evaluation under their "approval" authority as long as they "accommodate the preferences of parents for certain mechanisms for measurement." 
   If the parents choose standardized testing, the Commissioner ruled that religious home schoolers, under the first Amendment, have the right to choose their standardized test and the testing site. 
   The Commissioner held: "we cannot discern the presence of any administrative burdens placed on the School Committee by accommodation of the parents' choice of standardized test. Thus, we do not find the School Committee's test choice (or its requirement that children be tested in the public school) to be the "least restrictive alternative."

   1. A child may receive a "course of at-home instruction approved by school committee of the town wherein the child resides" if the following requirements are met: 
       a. the period of attendance is "substantially equal" to that of the public schools, 
       b. an attendance register is kept, and 
       c. the teaching in the required subjects listed above is "thorough and efficient." (§ 16-19-2)
   2. If the local school committee denies parents the right to home school, the parents may appeal to the Department of Education & have a right to a hearing. (§ 16-19-2) 
   3. Commissioner ruled that it is a "Constitutional right" to educate one's children.

Reference: Click Here 


Rhode Island State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:  4
  • Social studies units:  3.  Must include instruction on Rhode Island and U.S. Constitutions and government.
  • Science units:  3
  • P.E./Health units:  Students must receive the equivalent of 1 unit health instruction over the course of 4 years and must receive p.e. instruction equivalent to .5 credit per year, or an average of 20 minutes each school day.
  • Arts:  ."The additional six required academic credits are presumed to include, but not be limited to, credits in world languages, the arts, and technology pursuant to local educational agency policies and sufficient to allow students to demonstrate the range of proficiency required by section 3.0 of these regulations."
  • Foreign language:The additional six required academic credits are presumed to include, but not be limited to, credits in world languages, the arts, and technology pursuant to local educational agency policies and sufficient to allow students to demonstrate the range of proficiency required by section 3.0 of these regulations." .
  • Electives units:  6
  • Other units:  .5 (.5 unit computer literacy). District may petition commissioner of education to include community service learning program as component of graduation requirements.

TOTAL # units:  20    

Technical notes and citations    In addition to completing Carnegie unit requirements, students must demonstrate proficiency to graduate from high school. Proficiency may be demonstrated through exhibitions such as senior projects, capstone projects, or certificates of initial mastery; portfolios; proficiency-based departmental end-of-course exams; common tasks; and industry skill certifications. 

R.I. CODE R. 08 050 001; R.I. GEN. LAWS § 16-22-2, 16-22-4, 16-22-21; "Regulations of the Board of Regents for Elementary and Secondary Education Regarding Public High Schools and Ensuring Literacy for Students Entering High School," January 9, 2003, The Rhode Island High School Diploma System 


KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 5:00 PM

South Carolina - 

SC Home Eductors Assoc

South Carolina

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 5 (before September) and 17 or graduated from high school . Any parents whose child is "not six years of age on or before the first day of September of a particular school year may elect for their child" not to attend kindergarten, and then must sign a written document with the school district. (§ 59-65-10)

• Required Days of Instruction: 180 days. S.C. (§ 59-65-40(A)/§ 59-65-45/§ 59-65-47)

• Required Subjects: Reading, writing, math, science, and social studies; (grades 7-12)    composition and literature. (§59-65-40(A)/§ 59-65-45/ § 59-65-47)

• Teacher Qualifications: Parents must have a high school diploma or GED.

• Standardized Tests: All students complying with § 59-65-40 (Option "1" below) must participate in the annual statewide testing program and the Basic Skills Assessment    Program, and if they do not perform well enough on the test to meet the public school promotion standard for advancing to the next grade, the school district will decide if they should be put in a public school, receive special handicapped services, or have instructional support for home schooling at the parents' expense. § 59-65-40(D). The    tests must be administered by a "certified school district employee." Those who enroll in SCAIHS (Option 2) or another home school association (Option 3) are exempt from state testing.

• There are three options to legally home school:

   Option 1. (§ 59-65-40. Parents "may teach their children at home if the instruction is approved by the district board of trustees." The boards "shall approve" (they have no discretion) if: 
   1. The parent has either: (a) at least a high school diploma or GED (the basic skills exam was struck down by the South Carolina Supreme Court-see below); (b) or earned a baccalaureate degree; 
   2. The instructional day is at least four and one-half hours, and the year at least 180 days; 
   3. The curriculum includes the required subjects listed above; 
   4. The parent presents a system of maintaining records as evidence of regular instruction including: a) a plan book or other record of subjects taught and activities, b) a portfolio of the child's work, and a record of academic evaluations,  with a semiannual progress report to be submitted to the school district; 
   5. The student has access to library facilities; 
   6. The student participates in the annual statewide testing program and the Basic Skills Assessment Program; 
   7. And the parents release the district from liability regarding their child's education. 
       Parents may appeal school district decisions to the State Board of Education within ten days. They may appeal State Board decisions to the Family Court within 30 days.

   Option 2. Parents may teach their children at home by becoming members of the South Carolina Association of Independent Home Schools (SCAIHS) under § 59-65-45 (effective April 8, 1992). "In lieu of the requirements of § 59-65-40, parents or guardians may teach their children at home if the instruction is conducted under the auspices of the South Carolina Association of Independent Home Schools. Bona fide membership and continuing compliance with the academic standards of South Carolina Association of Independent Home Schools exempts the home school from the further requirements of § 59-65-40." Under this option parents or guardians must meet the following requirements: (1) hold at least a high school diploma or GED; (2) the instructional year is at least 180 days; and (3) the curriculum includes the required subjects listed above. Home schoolers who become members of SCAIHS are exempt from all other requirements listed in Option 1 above.

   Option 3. Parents may teach their children at home by becoming members of an association for home schools which has no fewer than fifty members under § 59-65-47 (effective June 20, 1996). "In lieu of the requirements of Section 59-65-40 or Section 59-65-45, parents or guardians may teach their children at home if the instruction is conducted under the auspices of an association for home schools which has no fewer than fifty members and meets the requirements of this section. Bona fide membership and continuing compliance with the academic standards of the associations exempts the home school from the further requirements of Section 59-65-40 or Section 59-65-45." Under this option parents or guardians must meet the following requirements: 
   1. Hold at least a high school diploma or GED; 
   2. An instructional year of at least 180 days; 
   3. The curriculum includes the required subjects listed above; and 
   4. Educational records maintained by the parent include: 
       a. A plan book or other record of subjects taught and activities; 
       b. A portfolio of the child's work; and 
       c. A semiannual progress report.

Reference: Click Here 


South Carolina State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:  4
  • Social studies units:  3. 1 unit U.S. History and Constitution; .5 unit each of economics and U.S. government; 1 unit "other social studies."
  • Science units:  3
  • P.E./Health units:  1. (1 unit P.E. or Junior ROTC)
  • Arts:  0
  • Foreign language:  1 unit either foreign language or "career and technology education." Students in a college preparatory program must complete a unit of foreign language; students in a technology preparation program must complete a unit of Career and Technology Education.
  • Electives units:  7
  • Other units:  1 unit computer science (including keyboarding) and 1 unit either foreign language or "career and technology education." Students in a college preparatory program must complete a unit of foreign language; students in a technology preparation program must complete a unit of Career and Technology Education.
TOTAL # units:  24

Other diploma options:  State does not offer differentiated diploma pathways. State does not have policy on awarding proficiency-based credit. 

Technical notes and citations:  Students "must demonstate computer literacy before graduation."
KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 5:02 PM

South Dakota  -

South Dakota HS Assoc

South Dakota

 Compulsory Attendance Ages: Beginning the school year the child is 5 years old by September 1 until

the time the child is 18, or until graduation (§ 13-27-1) As of July 1, 2010, compulsory age is lowered

to 5 as of Sept. 1, with no waiver available.

 Required Days of Instruction: Equivalent period of time as public schools (§ 13-27-3)

Required Subjects: Language arts and math. (§ 13-27-3)

 Teacher Qualifications: None.

 Standardized Tests: (§ 13-27-3) Children who are in grade levels 2, 4, 8, and 11 must take either the

standardized test used in the local public school district or, at their option, any other nationally

standardized test. §13-27-3. Parents must file with the local school. § 13-27-7. Although a school

district has authority to monitor the test, this is done so rarely (essentially never) that any demand

to monitor should be carefully examined for discrimination. The school district has no authority to

enter a home to monitor a test. 

   "If subsequent achievement test results reveal less than satisfactory academic progress in the level

of achievement, the school board may refuse to renew the child's certificate of excuse." (§ 13-27-7)

 Homeschools and non-accredited private schools are referred to in statutes as "alternative

instruction" or "alternative education."

   "A child shall be excused from school attendance, pursuant to § 13-27-2, because the child is

otherwise provided with alternative instruction for an equivalent period of time, as in public schools, in

the basic skills of language arts and mathematics." 
   1Parents homeschooling their children must annually submit an application for an excuse to a

local school official. It must be notarized or signed by two witnesses, and include the names of the

teachers, place of instruction, and description of the basic skills taught. Parents must use the form

written by the Secretary of the Department of Education and Cultural Affairs. Effective July 1, 2011, the

child is excused automatically upon the filing of the application, without the necessity of any school

board action, as a result of the enactment of HB 1133. The application should be filed no later than the

first day of school in the local school

district

.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. The first time (only) an application for excuse is filed for a specific child, the parents must include either a

certified copy of the child's birth certificate, or an affidavit witnessed or notarized by two or more

witnesses swearing or affirming that the child for whom the excuse is being requested is the same as

the person "appearing on the child's birth certificate." (§ 13-27-3.1) 


   3. At all times a child is being homeschooled, the parents must keep on file at home a certified copy

of the child's birth certificate. (§ 13-27-3.2) 
   4. No individual may teach more than twenty-two children. 

   5. The Secretary of the Department of Education "may inspect the records of an alternative education

program with 14 days' written notice if the secretary has probable cause to believe the program is not in

compliance." (§ 13-27-3). The records to be inspected are limited to attendance and evidence showing

academic progress. This statute does not give officials authority to enter a home. Before any

homeschooler's records can be inspected, the state has the burden of proving it has reliable evidence that

the family is not in compliance. Suspicion or an anonymous tip is not sufficient. Rarely do school officials

have evidence of sufficient quality and quantity to satisfy the probable cause standard so as to authorize

them to review any homeschoolers' records. 


   6. Parents may appeal a denial to homeschool to the state board of education, which will conduct a

hearing. (§ 13-27-8). On appeal, "the burden of proving noncompliance with § 13-27-3 shall be upon the

secretary of the Department of Education and Cultural Affairs. The state board's decision shall be final as

to the secretary's right to appeal." 


   7. Homeschoolers' privacy is expressly protected by §§ 13-27-2 and 13-27-9, which makes the certificate

of excuse a confidential document.

Reference: Click Here 


South Dakota State High School Graduation Requirements

  • English units:  4. Must include 1.5 units writing; 1.5 units literature, including .5 unit American
  •  literature; and .5 unit speech.
  • Social studies units:  3.  Must include 1 unit U.S. history; .5 unit U.S. government; .
  • 5 unit geography.
  • Science units: 2 units lab science
  • P.E./Health units:  0
  • Arts:  1 unit fine arts.
  • Foreign language:  0
  • Electives units:  8.5
  • Other units:   .5 unit laboratory computer studies.

TOTAL # units:  22


KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 5:07 PM

Tennessee - 

Tennessee Home Educators Assoc

Tennessee

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 6 and 17. (§ 49-6-3001). A parent or guardian who believes that a child is not ready to attend school at age six may apply to the principal of the public school which the child would attend for a one semester or one year deferral in required attendance. Section 49-6-3001(c)(2) also exempts from the compulsory attendance law any child who has received a diploma or certificate of graduation from high school, is enrolled in an approved GED program or has received a GED certificate, or is enrolled in a home school and has reached the age of 17 years. The truancy laws of Tennessee are applicable to children and parents who enroll their child in a public school for more than six weeks, even though the child is less than six (6) years of age. § 49-6-3007(g).

• Required Days of Instruction: 180 days. (§ 49-6-3004, 3050)

• Required Subjects:None   

 Home school parents have three options:

Option I: Home School Statute-Notify the Public School. (§ 49-6-3050) "A home school is a school conducted by parent(s) or legal guardians for their own children." Two of the three options fall under the home school statute. 
1. Parents must submit a notice of intent to the local superintendent by August 1 of each school year "for the purpose of reporting only." The notice of intent must include the name, number, age and grade level of children involved, location of the school, curriculum to be offered (no particular subjects required in grades K-8) and the proposed hours of instruction and the qualifications of the parent-teacher. In grades 9-12, the notice must include whether a college preparatory or general course of education will be taught and a description of the courses to be taught in each year. (§ 49-6-3050(b)(1) and (8)) 
2. Parents must maintain attendance records, which are subject to inspection by the local superintendent. The records must be submitted to the superintendent at the end of each school year. (§ 49-6-3050(b)(2)) 
3. Instruction must be given 4 hours a day. 
4. Parents must submit proof of vaccination as required by § 49-6-5001 or "a signed, written statement that such immunization and other preventive measures conflict with his religious tenets and practices." (§ 49-6-5001(b)(2))
5. "If notice is not given by August 1, but is given by September 1, it may be submitted upon payment by the parent of twenty dollars ($20.00) for each week or portion thereof by which notice is late. This penalty payment shall not exceed $80 and shall be charged per family regardless of the number of children attending the home school." The superintendent may waive the September 1 deadline "for good and 
sufficient reasons." (§ 49-6-3050(b)(1)). The notice requirements do not apply to church related schools which cover home schools or to families who move into the state during the school year.

Option IIHome School Statute-Associate With a Church-Related School.
(§ 49-6-3050(a)(2)(A)). "Home schools who teach grades K-12, whose parents are associated with an organization that conducts church-related schools as defined by § 49-50-801 ... shall be exempt" from the home school requirements above. However, children in grades 9-12 must be registered with the local school district.
(§ 49-6-3050(a)(2)(C)(i))

Option III: Home School Statute—Parent as Teacher in Church-Related School.

§ 49-6-3050(a)(3).“A parent-teacher may enroll the parent’s home school student or students in a church-related school as defined in § 49-50-801, and participate as a teacher in that church-related school. Such parent-teacher shall be subject to the requirements established by the church-related school for home school teachers and exempt from the rest of the provisions of this section.”

Option IV: Alternative Statute---Operate as a Satellite Campus of a Church-Related School. (§ 49-50-801) Parents may have their children attend a church-related school where the home is a satellite or extension of the church-related school. Unlike Option II, students in a satellite campus program are not considered home schoolers and need not register with the school district for grades 9-12. Furthermore, parents need not comply with the notice, registration, teacher qualifications, and standardized test requirements for home schools.

Option V: Alternative Statute---Enroll in the Distance Learning Program of an Accredited PrivateSchool.

§ 49-6-3001(c)(3)(A)(iii).Parents may enroll their children in an online, Category III non-public school accredited by one of the six regional accrediting associations (e.g., the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools) “according to the procedures and criteria established by the association.” 0520-7-2-.04 Rules of State Board of Education.

 Teacher Qualifications: 
Option I:
 The parent-teacher must have a high school diploma or a GED to teach grades K-8 and have a baccalaureate degree to teach grades 9-12 or request an exemption from the Commissioner of Education. (§ 49-6-3050(b)(4), (7)). The Commissioner of Education arbitrarily rejects most exemption requests. 
Option II: If parents conducting a home school are associated with a church-related school, there are no qualifications for teaching grades K-8, but parents must have a high school diploma or GED to teach grades 9-12. (§ 49-6-3050(a)(2)(B)) 
Options III: No qualifications required by statute.

 Standardized Tests: 
Option I: Grades 5, 7 and 9 must take a standardized test administered by the commissioner of education or someone designated by him or by a professional testing service approved by the local education agency. Tests administered by the Commissioner must be without charge. The parent may be present when the home school student is in grade 5. If a home school child "falls 6 to 9 months behind his appropriate grade level in his reading, language arts, math or science test scores," the parent must "consult with a teacher licensed by the state. The parent and teacher shall design a remedial course." (§ 49-6-3050(b)(6))
Option II: Church-related schools must administer standardized achievement tests for home school students in grades K-12 if such tests are given in their regular day schools. (§ 49-6-3050(a)(2)(A)). Parents conducting a home school and associated with a church-related school must have students in grades 9-12 take an annual standardized achievement test or the Sanders Model of value-added assessment, whichever the local school district uses and is sanctioned by the State Board of Education. (§ 49-6-3050(a)(2)(B))
Options III: No testing required by statute.                                                                                                                                                                         Option IV: No testing required by statute.                                                                                                                                                                          Option V: No testing required by statute.

Reference: Click Here 


Tennessee State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:  3. Must include at least 1 unit Algebra 1, Math for Technology II or Integrated Mathematics I (but not more than one of these). University Prep: "two credits in Algebra II, Geometry, or other advanced mathematics course or ... 2 credits in Integrated Mathematics II and Integrated Mathematics III
  • Social studies units:  3.  Must include U.S. history, world history/world geography, economics and government.
  • Science units:  3.  Must include 1 unit Biology I, Biology for Technology or the equivalent in an integrated curriculum. 1 unit must be "drawn from the physical sciences" and all sciences courses must "include laboratory experiences."
  • P.E./Health units:  1
  • Notes/Citation: 1 unit "wellness" must "integrate concepts from the areas of health and physical fitness."
  • Arts: 1 unit "fine arts"; Technical Prep: 0
  • Foreign language: University Prep: 2 in same language; Technical Prep: 0
  • Electives units:  University Prep: 3; Technical Prep: 2
  • Other units:  University Prep: 0; Technical Prep: 4 units of "program of study focusing on a particular technical area." Both University Prep and Technical Prep: Districts must verify "that all graduating seniors have had the equivalent of at least one year (180 hours) of computer education during their K-12 tenure. However, no units of computer education specified in 20 units required for high school graduation.
TOTAL # units:  20

Other diploma options:  State requires all students to complete 6 units in university prep or technical prep curriculum (requirements set forth under "standard" diploma provisions). State allows students completing either curriculum option to graduate with honors based on local requirements, including achieving an overall minimum grade point average of 3.0 on a 4.0 scale. State has policy on awarding proficiency-based credit. 

Technical notes and citations:  Students must complete 14 units of a core curriculum and choose to complete an additional 6 units in either the "University Preparation Curriculum" or the "Technical Preparation Curriculum."
KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 5:09 PM
2 moms liked this

Texas - 

Tx HS Coalition

Texas

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 6 (or who is younger than six years of age and has previously been enrolled in first grade) and 18. If a child is 17 but has been issued an equivalency certificate, that child is exempt. (§ 25.085(b))

• Required Days of Instruction: 180 days. Only required for public schools. (§ 25.081)

• Required Subjects: Good citizenship, math, reading, spelling and grammar.

• Standardized Tests: None.

• Alternative Statutes Allowing for Home Schools:
   "Any child in attendance upon a private or parochial school which shall include in its course a study of good citizenship" is exempt from the requirements of compulsory attendance. (§ 25.086(a)(1))
   Since this law does not specifically mention home schooling, the Texas Education Agency announced that home schooling was illegal in 1985. After over 80 innocent home school families were criminally prosecuted for truancy, Home school plaintiffs filed a class action suit against every school district in Texas (over 1,000). The class action suit, Leeper v. Arlington Indep. School Dist., No. 17-88761-85 Tarrant County 17th Judicial Ct. Apr. 13, 1987), resulted in a trial level decision in favor of home schooling. The court ruled that: 
   a. Home schools can legally operate as private schools in Texas; 
   b. Article 7, section 2 of the Texas Constitution only authorizes the legislature to establish and maintain public education, not private or parochial 
   c. Home schools must be conducted in a bona fide manner, using a written curriculum consisting of reading, spelling, grammar, math and a course in good citizenship; no other requirements apply. 

• College Admission: Homeschool graduates are specifically protected by law from discrimination by Texas colleges: "Because the State of Texas considers successful completion of a nontraditional secondary education to be equivalent to graduation from a public high school, an institution of higher education must treat an applicant for admission to the institution as an undergraduate student who presents evidence that the person has successfully completed a nontraditional secondary education according to the same general standards as other applicants for undergraduate admission who have graduated from a public high school." (Texas Education Code, Chapter 51,  Subchapter Z, Section 51.9241)

Reference: Click Here 


Texas State High School Graduation Requirements 
  • English units:  
    • Minimum program: 4
    • Recommended program: 4
  • Math units:  Recommended program:  4, incl. Algebra I and II and geometry. Fourth credit must selected from specified math courses higher than Algebra II. 
    • Minimum program3, incl. Algebra I and geometry
  • Social studies units:  Recommended program: 4
    • Minimum program: 3. Same as recommended but students choose between 1 unit World History Studies or World Geography Studies
    • Recommended: Must include 1 unit World History Studies, 1 unit World Geography Studies, 1 unit U.S. History Studies Since Reconstruction, and .5 unit each of economics and U.S. Government.
  • Science units:  
    • Recommended program: 4, incl. biology. Two add'l credits must be chosen from
      •     (i) integrated physics and chemistry;
      •     (ii) chemistry; and
      •     (iii) physics or Principles of Technology I. Fourth unit to be chosen from state-approved lab science courses.
    • Recommended program, eff. Class of 2016: 4 units, with 3 selected from one of each category:
      •     (i) biology;
      •     (ii) chemistry;
      •     (iii) physics or Principles of Technology I. Fourth unit to be chosen from state-approved lab science courses.
    • Notes/Citation: Recommended: Biology credit must be taken in biology, Advanced Placement Biology or International Baccalaureate Biology. The other two units must be chosen from (a) Integrated Physics and Chemistry (IPC); (b) Chemistry, AP Chemistry or IB Chemistry; and (c) Physics, Principles of Technology I, AP Physics or IB Physics.
  • P.E./Health units:  Recommended and Minimum programs: 2.  Must include 1.5 units p.e. and .5 unit health education.
  • Arts:  
    • Minimum program: 0
    • Recommended program: 1
  • Foreign language:  
    • Minimum program: 0
    • Recommended program: 2Notes/Citation: 2 units in 1 foreign language
  • Electives units:  
    • Minimum program: 6.5
    • Recommended program: 3.5.  "All students who wish to complete the Recommended High School Program are encouraged to study each of the four foundation curriculum areas (English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies) every year in high school." Minimum: Must include 5.5 general electives and 1 unit "academic elective" chosen from World History Studies, World Geography Studies or any state board-approved science course.
  • Other units:  Recommended and Minimum program: 1.5.  Must include .5 unit speech credit ("Communication Applications") and 1 unit technology applications.
  • TOTAL # units:  
    • Minimum program: 22
    • Recommended program: 26

 

Other diploma options:  State offers honors/college prep curriculum option and proficiency-based credit option. State does not offer technical diploma pathway. 

Technical notes and citations:  All students must complete the recommended or distinguished program unless the student, student's parent and school counselor or administrator agree the student should complete the minimum program. Recommended program: "All students who wish to complete the Recommended High School Program are encouraged to study each of the four foundation curriculum areas (English language arts, mathematics, science and social studies) every year in high school."
KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 5:10 PM
1 mom liked this

Utah - 

Utah Home Education Assoc

Utah

• Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 6 and 18. (§ 53A-11-101(1)(d))

• Required Days of Instruction: "same length of time as minors are required by law to be taught in the district schools." (§ 53A-11-102(2))

• Required Subjects: •  “subjects the State Board of Education requires to be taught in public schools” Utah Code Ann. § 53A-11-102(2)(b)(i).

Elementary Schools (K-6): reading/language arts, math, science,social studies, the arts, health education, physical education, andeducational technology. Utah Admin. Code R277-700-4

Middle Schools (7-8): language arts, math, science, social studies,the arts, physical education, health education, and career and technical education, life, and careers. Utah Admin. Code R277-700-5

High Schools (9-12): language arts, math, science, social studies,the arts, physical and health education, career and technicaleducation, educational technology, general financial literacy, and library media skills. Utah Admin. Code R277-700-6.

 Teacher Qualifications: None.

• Standardized Tests: Not required by statute.

• A child "shall be excused from attendance" at the public school if the child's parent annually files a signed affidavit with the minor's school district. 
   1. The parent must file an affidavit for each minor taught at home each year. The affidavit must contain a statement that the minor will be instructed in the subjects that the State Board of Education requires in public schools (the required subjects listed above) and that the minor will be instructed for the same length of time as minors are required by law to receive instruction in public schools.
       (53A-11-102(2)(a)) 
   2. The parent of a minor who attends a valid homeschool is solely responsible for:
       a. the selection of instructional materials and textbooks, 
       b. the time, place, and method of instruction, and 
       c. the evaluation of the home school instruction. (53A-11-102(2)(c)) 
   3. A local school board may not:
       a. require a parent of a minor who attends a home school to maintain educational records, 
       b. require credentials for individuals providing home school instruction, 
       c. inspect home school facilities, or (iv) require standardized or other testing of home school students. (53A-11-102(2)(d))

• Alternative Statutes Allowing for Home Schools: Groups of home schoolers have established themselves as a "regularly established private school" under § 53A-11-101. According to the Department of Education, it has no jurisdiction over private schools.  The only requirement that may apply is obtaining a business license.

Reference: Click Here 


Utah State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  3
  • Math units:  2, incl. Algebra I and geometry.  High school math credit may not be earned in courses below Elementary Algebra and Applied Mathematics I.
  • Social studies units:  2.5.  1 unit U.S. history and .5 unit each of Geography for Life, World Civilizations and U.S. Government and Citizenship.
  • Science units:  2
  • P.E./Health units:  2.  .5 unit each of the following: health, Participation Skills, Fitness for Life and either Individualized Lifetime Activities or team sport/athletic participation (maximum of .5 unit credit with school approval).
  • Arts:  1.5
  • Foreign language:  0
  • Electives units:  0
  • Other units:  2 
     Total # of Units: 24.  18 state-determined units and 6 district-determined units.

Other diploma options:  State does not offer differentiated diploma pathways. State has policy on awarding proficiency-based credit.

Technical notes:  Library media skills must be integrated into the subject areas. Effective with the Class of 2008, the state board "establishes minimum course description standards and objectives for each course in the required general core, which is commonly referred to as the Core Curriculum." Districts and the department of education will collaborate to develop course descriptions for required and elective courses, which must include "mastery criteria for the courses, and shall stress mastery of the course material and Core objectives and standards rather than completion of predetermined time allotments for courses."
KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 5:12 PM

Vermont - 

Homeschooling in VT

Vermont

Compulsory Attendance Ages: "between the ages of six and sixteen years, unless the child has completed 10th grade." (§ 1121)

Required Days of Instruction: None

Required Subjects: "minimum course of study," includes reading, writing, math, citizenship, history,

United States and Vermont government, physical education,  health, English, American and other

literature, science and fine arts. (§ 906). Homeschooled students over 12 are not required to take

physical education, health, or fine arts. (§ 166b(i)(2))

Teacher Qualifications: None.

 Standardized Tests: Parents have several options. "Each home study program shall assess annually

the progress of each of its students" by one of the following methods: 

   a. A report in a form designated by the Commissioner, by a Vermont certified teacher who is not the

parent or legal guardian of the student; 
   b. A report prepared by the parents, the student's instructor, or a teacher advisory service report from

a publisher of a commercial curriculum together with a portfolio of the student's work that includes work

samples to demonstrate progress in each subject area in the minimum course of study" (not including

physical education, health, or fine arts for children over 12). 


   c. The complete results of a standardized achievement test on a list approved by the Commissioner,

administered in a manner approved by the testing company, and scored in accordance with the law.


Home School Statute: Vt. Stat. Ann. Tit. 16, § 11(a)(21) and tit. 16, § 166b.

1. A child does not have to attend public school if he is attending “a home study program for the full

number of days for which that school is held.” Vt. Stat. Ann. Tit. 16, §

2. A “home study program” is “an educational program offered through home study which provides a

minimumcourse of study” and which is offered to not more than: a) children residing in that home; and

b) children not residing in that home who either are two or fewer in number or who are from one family.”

Vt. Stat. Ann. Tit.16 § 11(a)(21).                                                                               

 3. Vt. Stat. Ann. Tit. 16, § 166b. A home study program must send “a written enrollment notice to

the commissioner” for each child. A new notice must be submitted any time after March 1 for each

subsequent year. The notice must include:                                      

 a. The name and age, by year and month, of the child;                                                                                                               

 b. Names, mailing addresses, town of legal residence, and phone numbers of parents or guardians;                                              

c. For each child enrolled in the previous year, an assessment of progress;                                                                                   

d. For each child not previously enrolled in a Vermont public school or Vermont home study

program,“independent professional evidence on whether the child has a disability”;                   

e.Names, addresses, telephone numbers, and signatures of all persons providing ongoing instruction in

any required subject other than physical education, health, and fine arts; and

 f. Signatures of all custodial parents or guardians who are legally authorized to make educational

decisions for the student.


In addition, a home study program must submit “a detailed outline or narrative which describes the

content to be provided in each subject area of the minimum course of study.” An outline or narrative for

a child with a disability must include any special services or adaptations to be made to accommodate

any disability. Families who successfully complete two consecutive school years of home study are not

required to provide a detailed outline for every child of compulsory attendance age, except that all families

must submit a detailed outline for each child who is 12 years old at the time the enrollment is filed.

“Successful completion” means that:

a. The program has not been disallowed by order of a hearing officer, 

b. The enrolled student made age and ability-appropriate progress in all subject areas of the minimum course of study;and 

c. The home study program has otherwise complied with the requirements of the home study law. 

4. “After the filing of the enrollment notice or at a hearing, if the home study program is unable to comply

with any specific requirements due to deep religious conviction shared by an organized group, the

commissioner may waive such requirements if he or she determines that the educational purposes of

this section are being or will be substantially met.” Vt. Stat. Ann. Tit. 16, § 166b(j)   5. The commissioner

will send back an acknowledgment of compliance, or ask for missing information, which is due in 14

business days, or order a hearing by an independent hearing officer if needed.

6. The commissioner’s acknowledgment must state that the child may be enrolled immediately or may

be enrolled 45 days after theenrollment notice was received. During such 45-day period, the

commissioner may order a hearing, and if he does, the child shall not be enrolled until after an order has

been issued by the hearing officer. 

7. The commissioner may order a hearing after a child is enrolled if he has “information that reasonably

could be expected to justify an order of termination.” Vt. Stat. Ann. 16 § 166b(f). A hearing must occur within

30 days of the date that notice of a hearing is given or sent, be conducted by an impartial hearing officer

and, if requested, be conducted at a location near the home study program. Vt. Stat. Ann. 16 § 166b(g)

8. In the case of In Re T.M., 756 A.2d 793 (Vt., 2000), the Vermont Supreme Court held that after a

family submits an enrollment notice, only an order from the commissioner ordering a hearing can prevent

it from becoming effective. Absent such an order, an enrollment that is filed becomes effective

automatically, and the family is not subject to a child in need of services petition, since the commissioner

has no power to “approve” the home school program.


KickButtMama
by Shannon on Mar. 31, 2013 at 5:24 PM

Virginia -

Virginia Home Educators Assoc

Virginia

Compulsory Attendance Ages: Between 5 (on or before September 30) and 18 (§ 22.1-254.A) However, "any child who will not have reached his sixth birthday on or before September 30 of each school year whose parent or guardian notifies the appropriate school board that he does not wish the child to attend school until the following year because the child, in the opinion of the parent or guardian, is not mentally, physically or emotionally prepared to attend school" is exempt from attending school. (§ 22.1-254(H)).

 Required Days of Instruction: Generally, 180 days. (§ 22.1-254)

 Required Subjects: None, except under option iv of Option I, language arts and math are required unless parents provide evidence they can provide an adequate education.

Teacher Qualifications: None.

 Standardized Tests: Only for parents choosing Option I, and only if the child was 6 or older by Sept. 30. By August 1, parents must submit evidence that they have complied with one of two testing options. (§ 22.1-254.1(C))
   1. Submit the results of any nationally-standardized achievement test showing the child attained "a composite score in or above the fourth stanine" (i.e., 23rd percentile). 
   2. Or submit an "evaluation or assessment which the division superintendent determines to indicate that the child is achieving an adequate level of educational growth and progress" (ALEGP). A 2006 statutory change requires the superintendent to be objective in reviewing evaluations or assessments for ALEGP. Families therefore have significant flexibility. For example, a standardized test score below the 23rd percentile could show ALEGP under appropriate circumstances. 
       Neither the test administrator nor evaluator is required to be approved in advance. Any standardized test can be administered anywhere, anytime, by anybody. 
       If progress is not shown as required, the superintendent may place the home instruction program on probation for one year. Parents must file with the superintendent "evidence of their ability to provide an adequate education" in compliance with the law and a remediation plan which addresses any educational deficiency. Home instruction must cease if the superintendent does not accept the remediation plan or if progress as required is not shown by the following August 1.

• Parents have four options from which to choose to home school legally:

   Option I: Home School Statute. (§ 22.1-254.1). "Home Instruction" 
   1. Parental instruction of children is an acceptable form of education. (§ 22.1-254.1(A)) 
   2. Parents must annually notify their local superintendent of their intention to home school by August 15. If moving into the school district or if starting home instruction after the school year has begun, parents must notify "as soon as practicable" and thereafter comply with other requirements within thirty days of notice. There is no requirement to use the local school district's form. 
   3. Parents must satisfy one of five options: 
       (i) have a high school diploma, or 
       (ii) be a "teacher of qualifications prescribed by the Board of Education," or 
       (iii) enroll child in a "correspondence course approved by the Board of Education," or 
       (iv) provide a curriculum or program of study that includes the state standards of learning objectives for language arts and math, or 
       (v) provide evidence that the "parent is able to provide an adequate education." 
            Note: State Superintendent's Memo 105, June 6, 1984, stated that in determining whether a parent can provide an adequate education, a local superintendent should determine "whether the document itself exhibits a mastery of language by the writer; whether it includes plans for instructional activities;  and whether it present a reasonable scope and sequence of content. The superintendent does not have to approve or disapprove the activities or the content and should not pass judgment on whether the curriculum is a satisfactory substitute for that of the public schools. That should be left to the parent." 
   4. Parents must submit a "description of the curriculum" (list of subjects and textbooks) that they intend to follow for language arts and mathematics. 
   5. Anyone aggrieved by a superintendent's decision may appeal within 30 days to an independent hearing officer.

 Alternative Statutes Allowing for Home Schools:

   Option II: Religious Exemption Statute. "A school board shall excuse from attendance at school any pupil who, together with his parents, by reason of bona fide religious training or belief is conscientiously opposed to attendance at school."
   (§ 22.1-254(B)(1)). Homeschoolers may receive an exemption under this statute according to § 22.1-254.1(D). This exempts them from all requirements under the home school law. § 22.1-254 (H)(5). 
   Homeschoolers choosing this option, therefore, need to prove: 
   (1) they have sincere beliefs that are 
   (2) religious, not merely philosophical, which 
   (3) demonstrate their objection to attendance in the public schools. To satisfy this, homeschoolers should prepare a letter describing their religious beliefs which make them opposed to sending their children to public school and submit to the school board. Also, homeschoolers should include an affidavit from their pastor (or other religious expert or authority) stating that their beliefs concerning education are religious in nature, and two or three letters from friends who can vouch for their sincerity.

   Option III. Certified Tutor Statute: If a parent is certified in Virginia, he need only provide a one-time notice to the local superintendent that he is tutoring the child and verify that he is certified. No other requirements apply. (§ 22.1-254(A)).

   Option IV. Private or Denominational School: Groups of homeschoolers have organized into private schools where each home is a part of the "campus" and each parent is a  "teacher." An administrator is usually hired to keep all the records, organize field trips, etc. These home-based private schools usually incorporate. Private schools are not regulated. (§ 22.1-254). An individual home school "shall not be classified or defined as a private… school". (§ 22.1-254.A)

Reference: Click Here 


Virginia State High School Graduation Requirements
  • English units:  4
  • Math units:  3 (Algebra I and higher). "Courses completed to satisfy this requirement shall be at or above the level of algebra and shall include at least two course selections from among: Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II, or other mathematics courses above the level of algebra and geometry. The board may approve additional courses to satisfy this requirement."
  • Social studies units:  3.  "Courses completed to satisfy this requirement shall include U.S. and Virginia History, U.S. and Virginia Government, and one world history/geography course.
  • Science units:  3 lab science.  3 units laboratory science. "Courses completed to satisfy this requirement shall include course selections from at least two different science disciplines: earth sciences, biology, chemistry, or physics."
  • P.E./Health units:  2 units "health and physical education."
  • Arts:  1 unit "fine or performing arts or career and technical education"
  • Foreign language:  0
  • Electives units:  6.  Must include at least two sequential electives.
  • Other units: 1 unit "fine or performing arts or career and technical education"
TOTAL # units:  22

Other diploma options:  State offers honors/college prep and technical curriculum options. State offers proficiency-based credit option.

Notes:  This section of the database deals only with Carnegie unit requirements and does not include the "verified units of credit" (end-of-course test) requirements.
Add your quick reply below:
You must be a member to reply to this post.
Join the Meeting Place for Moms!
Talk to other moms, share advice, and have fun!

(minimum 6 characters)