I am not really sure how to rate his reading. We usually check out step 1, 2, and 3 books from the library. He seems to have no problems with step 1 books (or level one readers); seems to have little trouble with step 2 (level 2) readers and he has moderate problems with step 3s. He tries to sound out the words and use picture cues to figure out what's going on if he can't read a word.
He knows that sentences begin with a capital letter and end with a punctuation mark. He knows which sentences need periods, exclamation, and question marks. He understands linking verbs and action verbs and their uses. He understands past tense and present tense. He understands nouns. He can write complete sentences correctly.
Spelling: He knows the difference between consonants and vowels. He knows the vowwels sounds (short and long). He is able to break the words apart (syllables). Is actually a decent speller because he can break the word down enough to hear all letters. Silent e still tricks him sometimes tho.
He can add double digit problems. He can add single digits. He can subtract single digit numbers. He understands number families. He can count by 2, 5, 10s. Is doing decently with counting by 3s, 6s (has not mastered tho). He can tell time by hour, half hour but has not mastered quarter past or quarter till, has not mastered minutes after an hour; i.e, 12:08 but is doing well with those. Has the understand of simple fractions and how to use a ruler. Understands <, >, and the sign for not equal and can use them correctly. Knows place values to the hundredth. He can add together 12+11+13= So those type of problems are easy for him and he can do it with just single digits as well. He can read a calendar and fill in the missing dates. He can read a simple bar graph and fill one out. He can read and successfully math written numbers like sixty to numerical numbers like 60. Knows his shapes. Uhm... i could be forgetting some in this area. We have covered a lot.
Understands basic photosynthesis, basic water cycle, basic growth cycles of butterflies, toads, ladybugs and the like, understands living things vs. Non living things, understands what mammals are, understand what lizards are. I know there are tons more here because we've gone over physical science and earth science so he should understand the basics of both plus some basic astronomy and basic chemistry.
Can understand simple maps, point out the compass and directions, understand basic legends. Knows basics about Christopher Columbus, Native Americans, Pocahontas, knows basics about Revoluntionary war; like: Paul Revere and the lights, George Washington was General and then became President, the boston tea party, and a few other things. Knows a little about the civil war and a little about ww2. Starting to learn the states and location of each.
We are also teaching Spanish and he has picked that up surprisingly well but that isn't really core materials.
SO does he sound on track.