Ok, here's some awesome fun weird, but true facts about the ancient world! As well as some great resources and projects!
Articles / Kicbuttmama's Crazy Lapbooks / Kickbuttmama's Home EducationAlbert Einstein -- "Everybody is a Genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will spend its whole life believing it is stupid."
JAMIE FRATER AUGUST 29, 2008
Ever since my childhood I have been fascinated with all things relating to Ancient Egypt. I have tried for a long time to come up with a good idea for a list relating to it and this is the first (of what I hope will be many!) These facts should serve as a good introduction to Ancient Egyptian culture and society – and hopefully many will be things you did not know.
1. A Pharaoh never let his hair be seen – he would always wear a crown or a headdress called a nemes (the striped cloth headdress made famous by Tutankhamen’s golden mask (pictured above).
2. In order to deter flies from landing on him, Pepi II of Egypt always kept several naked slaves nearby whose bodies were smeared with honey.
3. Both Egyptian men and women wore makeup – eyepaint was usually green (made from copper) or black (made from lead). The Egyptians believed that the makeup had healing power. Originally the makeup was used as a protection from the sun – rather than for adornment.
4. While the use of antibiotics did not begin in the 20th century, early folk medicine included the use of mouldy foods or soil for infections. In ancient Egypt, for example, infections were treated with mouldy bread.
5. Egyptian children wore no clothing at all until they were in their teens. The temperature in Egypt made it unnecessary. Adult men wore skirts while women wore dresses.
6. Rich Egyptians wore wigs while the other classes would wear their hair long or in pig tails. Until 12, Egyptian boys had their heads shaved except for one plaited lock – this was as a protection against lice and fleas.
7. It is not known who destroyed the nose of the Sphinx (pictured above). There are sketches of the Sphinx without a nose in 1737, over 60 years before Napoleon reached Egypt and hundreds of years before the British and German armies of the two World Wars. The only person known to have damaged it was an Islamic cleric, Sa’im al-dahr, who was lynched in 1378 for vandalism.
8. Egyptian’s believed that the earth was flat and round (like a pancake) and that the Nile flowed through the center of it.
9. Egyptian soldiers were used as an internal police force. Additionally, they collected taxes for the Pharaoh.
10. In every temple in ancient Egypt the pharaoh was supposed to carry out the duties of the high priests, but his place was usually taken by the chief priest.
11. The first pyramid (The Step Pyramid of Djoser built around 2600 BC – seen above) was originally surrounded by a 34 ft tall wall which had 15 doors in it. Only one of the doors opened.
12. The women in ancient Egypt enjoyed legal and economical equality with men. Nevertheless, they never enjoyed social equality with men.
13. Contrary to popular belief, excavated skeletons show that the pyramid builders were actually Egyptians who were most likely in the permanent employ of the pharaoh. Graffiti indicates that at least some of these workers took pride in their work, calling their teams “Friends of Khufu,” “Drunkards of Menkaure,” and so on—names indicating allegiances to pharaohs.
14. When a body was mummified, its brain was removed through one of its nostrils and its intestines were also removed and placed in jars called canopic jars. Each organ was placed in its own jar. The only internal organ that was not removed was the heart, because Egyptians considered it to be the seat of the soul.
15. Ramses the Great had 8 official wives and nearly 100 concubines. He was over 90 years old when he died in 1212 BC.
Some Ancient Civilizations
Longest Reign in Recorded History
Did you know that the longest reign in recorded history is associated with the ancient Egyptians, where Pepi II succeeded the throne of Egypt in 2272 BC? According to evidence, it is believed that his reign lasted for 90 years, which means that he took on the position of royalty when he was just a babe. Pepi must have been a decent ruler, as within two years of his passes in 2182BC, Egypt faltered.
A Diverse King
During medieval times, there was a holy Roman Emperor by the name of Frederick II, who was known to hold atheist beliefs. He set up a court that was quite diverse, as he brought in both Jews and Muslims and placed them on an equal playing field with Christians. He also admired Muslim mercenaries and found them quite helpful when he battled against the Pope.
Reading, Writing, and Rulingâ€¦
The Frankish Emperor named Charlemagne (742 to 814 AD) never learned how to write and although he practiced with the use of tablets, he could never really get the hang of it. Instead, he poured his energies into reading, which is what he was able to grasp. At the time, he was considered quite in a league of his own when compared to other rulers, as the skill of reading was thought beneath them, as they left this task for monks and others to complete.
A Powerful Bloodline
By the time that the French Revolution was under way, there was a single family of kings that came from one man â€“ Hugh Capet â€“ who ruled France for nearly four centuries. This was observed between 967 and 1328. Throughout history, there has been related branches that included the Valois and the Bourbons, who succeeded the Capets and took over the rule of France until the 19th century rolled around.
In history, there have been two kings who have ruled for a period of seven decades. The first is Shapur II of the Persian Sassanids, who took power from 309 to 379 AD. His reign lasted for his entire life, as he was born into the world immediately after his father's passing. 13 Â½ years later, Louis XIV of France ruled from 1643 to 1715. Additional rulers who gain a notable mention include the Holy Roman Emperor Francis Joseph I of Austria who ruled for 68 years (from 1848 to 1916) and Queen Victoria, who was in power for 64 years (from 1837 to 1901).
Pepin the Short (the King of the Franks) didnâ€™t get this name for nothing. The ruler who was in power from 751 to 768 AD measured only four feet six inches. However, this didnâ€™t stop him from carrying around a sword that measured six feet long. Ironically, his wife was known as "Bertha the Big Foot."
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