The majority of custodial parents were mothers (82.2 percent), and about 1 in 6 (17.8 percent) were fathers, proportions which were not statistically different from 1994.8
About 44.2 percent of custodial mothers were currently divorced or separated and 36.8 percent had never been married. The remaining mothers consisted of 18.0 percent who were currently married (54.8 percent of whom were divorced but remarried), and 1.1 percent who were widowed.9 Custodial fathers were more likely than custodial mothers to be divorced or separated (53.5 percent) and less likely to have never married (24.7 percent).
The poverty rate of custodial mothers in 2009 (30.4 percent) was significantly
higher than the poverty rate for custodial fathers (18.8 percent).
The proportion of custodial fathers with child support agreements or awards has historically been lower than the proportion of custodial mothers and continued to be lower in 2010 (30.4 percent).