v456 - St. Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop.
823 - Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I, co-emperor of France
1058 - Bishop John "Minchio" [domkop] elected as Pope Benedictus X
1242 - Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights
1566 - 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
1585 - Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch
1603 - New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London
1609 - Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa.
1614 - 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)
1621 - Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
1648 - Spanish troops/feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
1722 - Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island
1739 - French emperor Karel VI sign secret treaty
1751 - Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself king of Sweden
1762 - British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
1768 - 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)
1792 - George Washington casts 1st presidential veto
1803 - 1st performance of Beethoven's 2nd Symphony in D
1804 - High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil.
First US President George Washington1806 - Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
1812 - Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French & Spanish
1814 - Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes
1815 - Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)
1818 - In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.
1861 - Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Tx
1862 - Siege of Yorktown VA
1865 - Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
1874 - Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
1874 - Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, is opened in Birkenhead, England. Designed by Joseph Paxton
1879 - Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
1881 - Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
1887 - Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller
1889 - Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Copper Beeches" (BG)
1893 - Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
Author Helen Keller1894 - 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
1894 - Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG)
1895 - Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students" (BG)
1895 - Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices
1897 - The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
1900 - Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
1902 - Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte" premieres in Paris
1902 - In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
1904 - The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
1905 - James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
1906 - St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
1908 - British premier Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns
1911 - MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
1911 - Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
1915 - French begin Woëvre-offensive
Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde1915 - Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title
1916 - French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
1919 - Eamon de Valera becomes president of Dail Eireann
1919 - Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
1922 - KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
1922 - WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions
1923 - Firestone Co put their inflatable tires into production
1925 - Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election
1925 - Yankees whip Dodgers in exhibition 16-9 but Babe Ruth collapses in NC due to an ulcer
1927 - Johnny Weissmuller set records in 100 & 200 m free style
1929 - Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact
1930 - England out for 849 v WI Kingston, Sandham out for 325
1932 - Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
1932 - Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government.
1935 - Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
Baseball Great Babe Ruth1936 - Tupelo Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
1938 - Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa Poland
1939 - Membership in Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
1941 - In SF, Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
1943 - Allies bomb Mortsel
1943 - Japanese troops conquer Indin
1943 - Poon Lim found after being adrift 133 days
1944 - 140 Lancasters bomb airplane manufacturer in Toulouse
1944 - World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
1945 - Almelo Netherlands freed
1945 - Kuniaki Koiso resigns as PM of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
1946 - 1st performance of Charles Ives' 3rd Symphony
1948 - WGN TV channel 9 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
1949 - 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital burns, kills 77 (Effingham Ill)
1949 - Fireside Theater debuts on television.
1950 - Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins
1951 - Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death
1952 - Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title
1953 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
1953 - WEYI TV channel 25 in Saginaw, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley1954 - Elvis Presley records his debut single "That's All Right"
1955 - Winston Churchill resigns as British PM, Anthony Eden succeeds him
1956 - In Sri Lanka, the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna win the general elections in a landslide and S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike is sworn in as the Prime Minister.
1958 - Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest non-nuclear controlled explosions of the time.
1959 - 23rd Golf Masters Championship: Art Wall Jr wins, shooting a 284
1961 - Barbra Streisand appears on "Jack Paar Show"
1961 - Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
1962 - Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns" premieres in NYC
1962 - Mgr J Daems appointed bishop of Antwerp
1962 - NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m
1962 - St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands
1963 - Beatles receive their 1st silver disc (Please Please Me)
1963 - Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
1964 - 1st driverless trains run on London Underground
1964 - Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA St Petersburg Women's Golf Open
Actress/Singer Julie Andrews1965 - 37th Academy Awards - "My Fair Lady", Rex Harrison & Julie Andrews win
1965 - Lava Lamp Day celebrated
1965 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1966 - WTVX TV channel 34 in Ft Pierce-Vero Beach, FL (IND) 1st broadcast
1967 - '76er Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA record of 41 rebounds
1967 - ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit
1968 - Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego opens
1968 - US marine base Khe San Vietnam, appalled
1969 - Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities.
1970 - WSNS TV channel 44 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
1971 - Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
1971 - Mount Etna erupts in Sicily Italy
1971 - US Lt Wiliam Calley (My Lai Massacre) sentenced to life
1971 - WNJT TV channel 52 in Trenton, NJ (PBS) begins broadcasting
1971 - In Sri Lanka, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launches insurrection against the United Front government of Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike.