Defendant Richard Fourtin Jr.
In a 4-3 ruling Tuesday afternoon, the Connecticut State Supreme Court overturned
the sexual assault conviction of a man who had sex with a woman who âhas severecerebral palsy
, has the intellectual functional equivalent of a 3-year-old and cannot verbally communicate.â The Court held that, because Connecticut statutes define physical incapacity for the purpose of sexual assault as âunconscious or for any other reason. . . physically unable to communicate unwillingness to an act,â the defendant could not be convicted if there was any chance that the victim could have communicated her lack of consent. Since the victim in this case was capable of âbiting, kicking, scratching, screeching, groaning or gesturing,â the Court ruled
that that victim could have communicated lack of consent despite her serious mental deficiencies:
When we consider this evidence in the light most favorable to sustaining the verdict, and in a manner that is consistent with the stateâs theory of guilt at trial, we, like the Appellate Court, âare not persuaded that the state produced any credible evidence that the [victim] was either unconscious or so uncommunicative that she was physically incapable of manifesting to the defendant her lack of consent to sexual intercourse at the time of the alleged sexual assault.â
According to the Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network (RAINN), lack of physical resistanceis not evidence of consent, as âmany victims make the good judgment that physical resistance would cause the attacker to become more violent.â RAINN also notes that lack of consent is implicit âif you were under the statutory age of consent, or if you had a mental defectâ as the victim did in this case.
Anna Doroghazi, director of public policy and communication at Connecticut Sexual Assault Crisis Services, worried that the Courtâs interpretation of the law ignored these concerns: âBy implying that the victim in this case should have bitten or kicked her assailant, this ruling effectively holds people with disabilities to a higher standard than the rest of the population when it comes to proving lack of consent in sexual assault cases. Failing to bite an assailant is not the same thing as consenting to sexual activity.â An amicus brief filed by the Connecticut advocates for disabled persons argued that this higher standard âdiscourag[ed] the prosecution of crimes against persons with disabilitiesâ even though âpersons with a disability had an age-adjusted rate of rape or sexual assault that was more than twice the rate for persons without a disability.â