Before You Pick a Hobby Lobby Side, Know Your Contraception Facts
OK...time to get into it. I've been seeing the Hobby Lobby stuff going back and forth (it's like my liberal friends and conservative friends are arguing on my facebook timeline.) But one thing keeps coming up that IRKS ME: Misinformation about what birth control does. Hormonal birth control (like IUDs, the pill, ect) works by several methods. "The hormonal contraceptive usually stops the body from ovulating. Hormonal contraceptives also change the cervical mucus to make it difficult for the sperm to find an egg. Hormonal contraceptives can also prevent pregnancy by making the lining of the womb inhospitable for implantation." (http://www.webmd.com/sex/birth-control/birth-control-pills). The third is what many Pro-lifers have a problem with, because this takes place after the egg has been fertilized (after spern meets eggs and make their own DNA). So they CAN cause an early abortion*, but don't necessarily do so (because there are other methods which can prevent the pregnancy before that happens). The morning after pill just has a higher dose than the regular contraception. Because it happens after sex, it is more likely to work by the third method...but not in all cases. Sperm can stay alive in the body 5-7 days, so if you have sex before
you've ovulated, it can also delay ovulation, which could prevent
pregnancy. The Hobby Lobby owners objected to the IUDs because it CAN be use like a morning after pill if inserted less than 3 days after unprotected sex (though I imagine the chance of someone who wasn't already using this method, which requires a doctor to insert it, just to avoid paying for a morning after pill, which runs only $30 -$60, would be slim).
Hobby Lobby was only objecting to paying for "morning-after pill" and Hormonal and copper intrauterine devices (IUDs). They actually cover 16 of the 20 contraceptive methods approved by the FDA, inluding the regular birth control pill (you know, the little pink pills I keep seeing in political graphics about this case--yeah, this case didn't even deal with those). The recent ruling did not affect anyone buying any type of contraception, but did excuse Hobby Lobby from paying for the four types of methods they were opposed to.
*NOTE ON TERMINOLOGY: Technically the law does not define someone as pregnant until implantion, which takes place 9 days after fertiliation/conception. The American Heritage Stedman's Medical Dictionary defines "pregnancy" as "from conception until birth," and "conception" in a scientific context may be defined as fertilization, in a medical context can mean either fertilization or implantation but in lay terms may mean both. But as a moral question, most are not concerned whether these drugs end a pregnancy, but whether they end a human life (and of course whether this is a human life at this stage is a whole nother subject that has been covered on CafeMom well in other posts, so I won't address it here).