Majority of Child Abusers Are MOMS, single parents, poor parents, etc.
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THIS IS A SUMMARY OF CHILD ABUSE FINDINGS:
The latest periodic study of child abuse mandated by the Congress of the United States has made the following findings:
The highest incidences of child abuse and/or neglect were seen in these categories:
Low socioeconomic status households
Single parents with a cohabiting partner
Families with 4 or more children
Perpetrator's alcohol use, drug use, and mental illness:
alcohol/drug use equal (11%)
mental illness (7%)
alcohol more than drug use
In nearly all cases, the rates of maltreatment for Black children were significantly higher than those for White and Hispanic children.
children with confirmed disabilities had significantly lower rates of physical abuse and of moderate harm from maltreatment, but they had significantly higher rates of emotional neglect and of serious injury or harm.
the incidence of maltreatment and of all severities of injury or harm was higher for children with no parent in the labor force and those with an unemployed parent and lowest for those with employed parents.
Children in low socioeconomic status households had significantly higher rates of maltreatment in all categories and across both definitional standards. They experienced some type of maltreatment at more than 5 times the rate of other children; they were more than 3 times as likely to be abused and about 7 times as likely to be neglected.
Family structure and living arrangement.
Children living with their married biological parents universally had the lowest rate, whereas those living with a single parent who had a cohabiting partner in the household had the highest rate in all maltreatment categories.
those whose single parent had a live-in partner had more than 8 times the rate of maltreatment overall, over 10 times the rate of abuse, and nearly 8 times the rate of neglect.
the incidence of maltreatment and levels of harm increased since the NIS–3 for children living with one parent but decreased for those living with two parents.
the incidence rates were highest for children in the largest families (those with 4 or more children), intermediate for “only” children and those in households with 3 children, and lowest for children in families with two children.
the incidence rates for children in the largest households were more than twice the rates for children in households with 2 children.
Perpetrator’s relationship to the child.
(81%) were maltreated by their biological parents.
The pattern was distinctly different for sexual abuse. More than two-fifths (42%) of the sexually abused children were sexually abused by someone other than a parent (whether biological or nonbiological) or a parent’s partner,
A physically abused child was more likely to sustain a serious injury when the abuser was not a parent.
68% of the maltreated children were maltreated by a female, whereas 48% were maltreated by a male.
male perpetrators were more common for children maltreated by nonbiological parents or parents’ partners (64%) or by other persons (75%).
The prevalence of male perpetrators was strongest in the category of sexual abuse, where 87% of children were abused by a male compared to only 11% by a female.
Perpetrator’s alcohol use, drug use, and mental illness.
Perpetrator’s alcohol use and drug use were approximately equivalent factors in Harm Standard maltreatment, each applying to 11% of the countable children, while mental illness was a factor in the maltreatment of 7% of the children.
Alcohol use was most involved in emotional abuse (22% of the children), while drug use was most involved in emotional neglect (21% of the children). The perpetrator’s mental illness was most often cited as a factor in emotional abuse (17% of the children).