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Not So Sexy: Hidden Chemicals in Perfume and Cologne

Posted by on Jul. 12, 2010 at 8:12 PM
  • 6 Replies

Thought this was interesting and worth sharing...

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Quote:

Not So Sexy: Hidden Chemicals in Perfume and Cologne

A rose may be a rose. But that rose-like fragrance in your perfume may be something else entirely, concocted from any number of the fragrance industry’s 3,100 stock chemical ingredients, the blend of which is almost always kept hidden from the consumer.

Makers of popular perfumes, colognes and body sprays market their scents with terms like “floral,” “exotic,” or “musky,” but they don’t disclose that many scents are actually a complex cocktail of natural essences and synthetic chemicals – often petrochemicals. Laboratory tests commissioned by the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics and analyzed by Environmental Working Group revealed 38 secret chemicals in 17 name brand fragrance products, topped by American Eagle Seventy Seven with 24, Chanel Coco with 18, and Britney Spears Curious and Giorgio Armani Acqua Di Gio with 17.

The average fragrance product tested contained 14 secret chemicals not listed on the label. Among them are chemicals associated with hormone disruption and allergic reactions, and many substances that have not been assessed for safety in personal care products.

Also in the ranks of undisclosed ingredients are chemicals with troubling hazardous properties or with a propensity to accumulate in human tissues. These include diethyl phthalate, a chemical found in 97 percent of Americans (Silva 2004) and linked to sperm damage in human epidemiological studies (Swan 2008), and musk ketone, a synthetic fragrance ingredient that concentrates in human fat tissue and breast milk (Hutter 2009; Reiner 2007).

Popular fragrances contain 14 secret chemicals on average

This complex mix of clandestine compounds in popular colognes and perfumes makes it impossible for consumers to make informed decisions about the products they consider buying.

Most secret chemicals revealed in fragrance testing have not been  assessed for safety

The federal government is equally uninformed. A review of government records shows that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not assessed the vast majority of these secret fragrance chemicals for safety when used in spray-on personal care products such as fragrances. Nor have most been evaluated by the safety review panel of the International Fragrance Association or any other publicly accountable institution.

Fragrance secrecy is legal due to a giant loophole in the Federal Fair Packaging and Labeling Act of 1973, which requires companies to list cosmetics ingredients on the product labels but explicitly exempts fragrance. By taking advantage of this loophole, the cosmetics industry has kept the public in the dark about the ingredients in fragrance, even those that present potential health risks or build up in people’s bodies.

Ingredients not in a product’s hidden fragrance mixture must be listed on the label. As a result, manufacturers disclose some chemical constituents on ingredient lists but lump others together in the generic category of “fragrance.” In fact, “fragrances” are typically mixtures of many different secret chemicals, like those uncovered in this study. On average, the 17 name-brand fragrances tested in this study contained nearly equal numbers of secret and labeled ingredients, with 14 chemicals kept secret but found through testing, and 15 disclosed on labels.

Widespread exposure and a long-standing culture of secrecy within the fragrance industry continue to put countless people at risk of contact sensitization to fragrances with poorly tested and intentionally unlabeled ingredients (Schnuch 2007).

According to EWG analysis, the fragrance industry has published safety assessments for only 34% of the unlabeled ingredients (for details of the analysis, see Methods section). The unassessed chemicals range from food additives whose safety in perfumes has not been assessed to chemicals with limited public safety data such as synthetic musk fragrances, which accumulate in the human body and may be linked to hormone disruption.

Some chemicals that are disclosed on the labels of the products in this report also raise safety concerns. They include sunscreen and ultraviolet-protector chemicals associated with hormone disruption (Schlumpf 2004) and 24 chemical sensitizers that can trigger allergic reactions (European Commission Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products (EC) 1999).

To make matters worse, FDA lacks the authority to require manufacturers to test cosmetics for safety, including fragranced products, before they are sold to consumers. As a result, people using perfume, cologne, body spray and other scented cosmetics like lotion and aftershave are unknowingly exposed to chemicals that may increase their risk for certain health problems.

Results at a glance for all fragrance ingredients combined (disclosed on label or revealed in product tests)
  Average for all
17 fragrances
Extreme product (highest number)
Chemical ingredients
(tested + labeled)
29 40 - Giorgio Armani Acqua Di Gio
Secret chemicals
(found in testing, not on label)
14 24 - American Eagle Seventy Seven
Sensitizing chemicals
(can trigger allergic reactions)
10 19 - Giorgio Armani Acqua Di Gio
Hormone disruptors
(can disrupt natural hormones)
4 7 - Halle by Halle Berry, Quicksilver, Jennifer Lopez J. Lo Glow
Chemicals not assessed for safety
(by government or industry)
12 16 - Chanel Coco, Halle by Halle Berry, American Eagle Seventy Seven

Source: EWG analysis of 91 chemicals in 17 products ñ including 51 chemicals listed on product labels, and 38 unlabeled chemicals found in tests commissioned by the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics ñ combined with analysis of chemical hazard and toxicity data from government and industry assessments and the published scientific literature.

Product tests initiated by the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics and subsequent analyses, detailed in this report, reveal that widely recognized brand-name perfumes and colognes contain secret chemicals, sensitizers, potential hormone disruptors and chemicals not assessed for safety:

  • Secret chemicals: Laboratory tests revealed 38 secret chemicals in 17 name-brand products, with an average of 14 secret chemicals per product. American Eagle Seventy Seven contained 24 secret chemicals, nearly twice the average found in other products tested.
  • Multiple sensitizers: The products tested contained an average of 10 chemicals that are known to be sensitizers and can trigger allergic reactions such as asthma, wheezing, headaches and contact dermatitis. All of these were listed on product labels. Giorgio Armani Acqua Di Gio contained 19 different sensitizing chemicals that can trigger allergic reactions, more than any other product tested.
  • Multiple hormone disruptors: A total of 12 different hormone-disrupting chemicals were found in the tested products, with an average of four in each product. Three products each contained seven different chemicals with the potential to disrupt the hormone system: Halle by Halle Berry, Quicksilver and Jennifer Lopez J. Lo Glow. In each product, six of these chemicals mimic the hormone estrogen, and the seventh is associated with thyroid effects. Some of these potential hormone disruptors were listed on labels; others were undisclosed and were uncovered in product testing.
  • Widespread use of chemicals that have not been assessed for safety: A review of government records shows that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not assessed the vast majority of fragrance ingredients in personal care products for safety. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR), an industry-funded and self policing body, has assessed only 19 of the 91 ingredients listed on labels or found in testing for the 17 products assessed in this study. The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) and the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM), which develop and set voluntary standards for chemicals in the “fragrance” component of products, have assessed only 27 of the 91 ingredients listed on labels or found in testing for the 17 products assessed in this study, based on a review of assessments published in the past 25 years.

Products were tested by Analytical Sciences, an independent laboratory in Petaluma, California. The lab found, in all, 40 chemicals in the tested fragrance products. Thirty-eight of these were secret, or unlabeled, for at least one of the products containing them, while the other two were listed on all relevant product labels. Ingredient labels disclosed the presence of another 51 chemical ingredients, giving a total of 91 chemical ingredients altogether in the tested products, including hidden and disclosed ingredients combined. Of the 17 products tested, 13 were purchased in the U.S. and four in Canada.

When sprayed or applied on the skin, many chemicals from perfumes, cosmetics and personal care products are inhaled. Others are absorbed through the skin. Either way, many of these chemicals can accumulate in the body. As a result, the bodies of most Americans are polluted with multiple cosmetics ingredients. This pollution begins in the womb and continues through life.

A recent EWG study found Galaxolide and Tonalide, two synthetic musks, in the cord blood of newborn babies (EWG 2009). Both musks contaminate people and the environment worldwide, have been associated with toxicity to the endocrine system (van der Burg 2008) and were identified in the majority of products tested for this study. Similarly, a pregnant woman’s use of some fragrances and other cosmetics frequently may expose her growing fetus to diethyl phthalate (DEP), a common perfume solvent linked to abnormal development of reproductive organs in baby boys and sperm damage in adult men (Washington Toxics Coalition 2009). New research also links prenatal exposure of DEP to clinically diagnosed Attention Deficit Disorder in children (Engel 2010). This analysis found DEP in 12 of 17 products tested, at levels ranging from 30 parts per million (ppm) to 32,000 ppm in Eternity for Women.

Numerous other products used daily, such as shampoos, lotions, bath products, cleaning sprays, air fresheners and laundry and dishwashing detergents, also contain strongly scented, volatile ingredients that are hidden behind the word “fragrance.” Some of these ingredients react with ozone in the indoor air, generating many potentially harmful secondary air pollutants such as formaldehyde and ultrafine particles (Nazaroff 2004).

People have the right to know which chemicals they are being exposed to. They have the right to expect the government to protect people, especially vulnerable populations, from hazardous chemicals. In addition to required safety assessments of ingredients in cosmetics, the laws must be changed to require the chemicals in fragrance to be fully disclosed and publicly accessible on ingredient labels.

As our test results show, short of sending your favorite perfume to a lab for testing, shoppers have no way of knowing exactly which of the 3,100 fragrance ingredients may be hiding in their beauty products or even in their child’s baby shampoo. This study focused on several categories of chemicals – specifically volatile compounds, semi-volatile compounds and synthetic musks. The laboratory analyses, while thorough, were not exhaustive, which means that additional chemicals of concern may also be present in the tested products.

Fragrance, perfume & cologne –
what’s the difference?

Perfumes, colognes and body sprays are often called “fragrances.” But under U.S. law, the term fragrance is defined as a combination of chemicals that gives each perfume or cologne its distinct scent. Fragrance ingredients may be produced by chemical synthesis or derived from petroleum or natural raw materials. Companies that manufacture perfume or cologne purchase fragrance mixtures from fragrance houses (companies that specialize in developing fragrances) to develop their own proprietary blends. In addition to “scent” chemicals that we actually smell, perfumes and colognes also contain solvents, stabilizers, UV absorbers, preservatives and dyes. These additives are frequently, but not always, listed on product labels. In contrast, the chemical components in fragrance itself are protected as trade secrets and described on the label only as “fragrance.”

Everyone is impacted by fragrance.

The Campaign commissioned a laboratory analysis of men’s and women’s fragrances as well as scented products marketed to teens of both genders; all products tested contained a range of ingredients associated with health concerns, such as allergic sensitization, and potential effects on the endocrine system or reproductive toxicity.


by on Jul. 12, 2010 at 8:12 PM
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Replies (1-6):
StarsChildren
by on Jul. 12, 2010 at 8:49 PM

Just some of the information on the secret ingredients listed in the first part of the OP.

Diethyl phthalate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Diethyl phthalate or DEP is a phthalate ester. It is used as a plasticiser in plastisols (for example in toothbrushes, textile paint, food packaging and toys). It has a faint, disagreeable odor and can be transfered from the plastics that contain it.[2] When burned, DEP produces toxic gasses.[3]

Musk xylene

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Musk xylene was the most widely used of the "nitro-musks", a type of synthetic musk fragrance, which mimic natural musk. It has been used as a perfume fixative in a wide variety of consumer products, and is still used in some cosmetics and fragrances.

Use of musk xylene has declined sharply since the mid-1980s due to safety and environmental concerns. Its explosive and carcinogenic hazards are recognized to be borderline, and musk xylene is a useful example of the lowest level of such risks which need to be taken into account. However, it is a very persistent and very bioaccumulative polluant in the aquatic environment (vPvB substance), and is the first substance to be proposed as a "substance of very high concern" (SVHC) for these reasons alone under the European Union REACH Regulation.

mother to Nisean Mohave 2/6/06 5:28am, bff with my Mom,
wife to Tony 1/31/09, a new generation hippie trapped in an activist,
worshipping dirt & hugging trees, natural way of life & parenting believer,
home-made, home-birthed, home-raised, toxin free, with lots of love.

- recycle, reduce, reuse -

"I get rid of stress by mopping my floor & buffing it to a perfect shine.
Then I bang my head on it for a couple of hours ......
How are things with you?"

  

awooding
by on Jul. 12, 2010 at 8:56 PM

 THIS is a big reason why I got interested in the industry. To try and help make it better. People need to be paying more attention to what's being used in their goods.

StarsChildren
by on Jul. 12, 2010 at 9:12 PM


Quoting awooding:

 THIS is a big reason why I got interested in the industry. To try and help make it better. People need to be paying more attention to what's being used in their goods.

My son was the breaking factor for me. When I started investigating before he was born about products directed towards kids, I came across a SH*T load of other stuff. Which then led me to everything else that should not be in our products (kids and adults). Been a good 5 years now since I started researching it, and just now am I starting to share it outside the family.

My family thinks I am nuts, they are under the impressions (most of them) "oh, we can trust these people, they wouldn't put anything in there that could hurt us"... but I have 2 brothers and a nephew (along with my mom) from my family who have jumped on the "crazy train" with me... and all of DH family and friends were already on the "crazy, know whats in your stuff, train".

mother to Nisean Mohave 2/6/06 5:28am, bff with my Mom,
wife to Tony 1/31/09, a new generation hippie trapped in an activist,
worshipping dirt & hugging trees, natural way of life & parenting believer,
home-made, home-birthed, home-raised, toxin free, with lots of love.

- recycle, reduce, reuse -

"I get rid of stress by mopping my floor & buffing it to a perfect shine.
Then I bang my head on it for a couple of hours ......
How are things with you?"

  

awooding
by on Jul. 12, 2010 at 9:16 PM

 

Quoting StarsChildren:


Quoting awooding:

 THIS is a big reason why I got interested in the industry. To try and help make it better. People need to be paying more attention to what's being used in their goods.

My son was the breaking factor for me. When I started investigating before he was born about products directed towards kids, I came across a SH*T load of other stuff. Which then led me to everything else that should not be in our products (kids and adults). Been a good 5 years now since I started researching it, and just now am I starting to share it outside the family.

My family thinks I am nuts, they are under the impressions (most of them) "oh, we can trust these people, they wouldn't put anything in there that could hurt us"... but I have 2 brothers and a nephew (along with my mom) from my family who have jumped on the "crazy train" with me... and all of DH family and friends were already on the "crazy, know whats in your stuff, train".

 My daughter's issues are what made me look into it more. Plus my own skin irritation. One time I had used Comet to clean the bathtub. It was late morning or so. Later that day I gave her a bath. I had rinsed the tub SEVERAL times and was sure it was clean. Well, she was in the bath for a few minutes when she started to scream and her skin turned red with a rash. She had reacted to residue that I could not see or feel left behind from the cleaner. I never used it again. We both get really bad rashes when exposed to conventional products. I also found that good natural products are either hard to find or too expensive. That's why I decided to center a business around it.

My husband is on board for the most part. Mostly because of Autumn's skin. He HATES when I use vinegar to clean with though lol.

                                                                             *


I know you believe you understand what you think I said...but I am not sure you realize that what you heard is not exactly what I meant.

StarsChildren
by on Jul. 12, 2010 at 9:34 PM


Quoting awooding:

 

Quoting StarsChildren:


Quoting awooding:

 THIS is a big reason why I got interested in the industry. To try and help make it better. People need to be paying more attention to what's being used in their goods.

My son was the breaking factor for me. When I started investigating before he was born about products directed towards kids, I came across a SH*T load of other stuff. Which then led me to everything else that should not be in our products (kids and adults). Been a good 5 years now since I started researching it, and just now am I starting to share it outside the family.

My family thinks I am nuts, they are under the impressions (most of them) "oh, we can trust these people, they wouldn't put anything in there that could hurt us"... but I have 2 brothers and a nephew (along with my mom) from my family who have jumped on the "crazy train" with me... and all of DH family and friends were already on the "crazy, know whats in your stuff, train".

 My daughter's issues are what made me look into it more. Plus my own skin irritation. One time I had used Comet to clean the bathtub. It was late morning or so. Later that day I gave her a bath. I had rinsed the tub SEVERAL times and was sure it was clean. Well, she was in the bath for a few minutes when she started to scream and her skin turned red with a rash. She had reacted to residue that I could not see or feel left behind from the cleaner. I never used it again. We both get really bad rashes when exposed to conventional products. I also found that good natural products are either hard to find or too expensive. That's why I decided to center a business around it.

My husband is on board for the most part. Mostly because of Autumn's skin. He HATES when I use vinegar to clean with though lol.

AWE! Poor thing! I have never used comet, but my mom has. But we've never had that reaction. I'm glad your hubs in on board! It helps having a support system. I think you've given me a link before, its somewhere in my msg box. I run a new age newsletter online (no real customers right now), but if ya had a banner or something I can put it on there on the links page which is gonna have midwives and douala's and natural places to buy organic and natural items (its not up yet, still putting the list together).

mother to Nisean Mohave 2/6/06 5:28am, bff with my Mom,
wife to Tony 1/31/09, a new generation hippie trapped in an activist,
worshipping dirt & hugging trees, natural way of life & parenting believer,
home-made, home-birthed, home-raised, toxin free, with lots of love.

- recycle, reduce, reuse -

"I get rid of stress by mopping my floor & buffing it to a perfect shine.
Then I bang my head on it for a couple of hours ......
How are things with you?"

  

awooding
by on Jul. 12, 2010 at 10:03 PM

 

Quoting StarsChildren:


Quoting awooding:

 

 

 My daughter's issues are what made me look into it more. Plus my own skin irritation. One time I had used Comet to clean the bathtub. It was late morning or so. Later that day I gave her a bath. I had rinsed the tub SEVERAL times and was sure it was clean. Well, she was in the bath for a few minutes when she started to scream and her skin turned red with a rash. She had reacted to residue that I could not see or feel left behind from the cleaner. I never used it again. We both get really bad rashes when exposed to conventional products. I also found that good natural products are either hard to find or too expensive. That's why I decided to center a business around it.

My husband is on board for the most part. Mostly because of Autumn's skin. He HATES when I use vinegar to clean with though lol.

AWE! Poor thing! I have never used comet, but my mom has. But we've never had that reaction. I'm glad your hubs in on board! It helps having a support system. I think you've given me a link before, its somewhere in my msg box. I run a new age newsletter online (no real customers right now), but if ya had a banner or something I can put it on there on the links page which is gonna have midwives and douala's and natural places to buy organic and natural items (its not up yet, still putting the list together).

 Cool! I'll put a banner together and send it to you :)

                                                                             *


I know you believe you understand what you think I said...but I am not sure you realize that what you heard is not exactly what I meant.

Add your quick reply below:
You must be a member to reply to this post.
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