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This day in history 9/14

Posted by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 7:12 AM
  • 11 Replies

On this day in 1901, U.S. President William McKinley dies after being shot by a deranged anarchist during the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York.

McKinley won his first Congressional seat at the age of 34 and spent 14 years in the House, becoming known as the leading Republican expert on tariffs. After losing his seat in 1890, McKinley served two terms as governor of Ohio. By 1896, he had emerged as the leading Republican candidate for president, aided by the support of the wealthy Ohio industrialist Mark Hanna. That fall, McKinley defeated his Democratic rival, William Jennings Bryan, by the largest popular margin since the Civil War.

As president, McKinley became known--controversially--as a protector of big businesses, which enjoyed unprecedented growth during his administration. He advocated the protective tariff as a way of shielding U.S. business and labor from foreign competition, and he successfully argued for using the gold standard of currency.

Above all, however, McKinley's presidency was dominated by his foreign policy. In April 1898, he was pushed by Congress and American public opinion to intervene in Cuba's struggle for independence from Spanish colonial rule. In the first American war against a foreign power since 1812, the United States handily defeated Spain in just three months, freeing Cuba--although the island became a U.S. protectorate--and annexing Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. For the first time, the United States had become a colonialist power.

America's growing interests in the Pacific led McKinley's administration to greatly increase its involvement in Asian politics. In 1900, McKinley sent thousands of U.S. troops to China to help put down the Boxer Rebellion, aimed at driving out foreigners. His aggressive "Open Door" policy declared U.S. support for an independent China and argued that all nations with commercial interests in China should be able to compete on equal footing.

The popular McKinley won a second term by even greater margins over Bryan, who attacked him on his "imperialism" in the Pacific and, domestically, on the growth of illegal monopolies, or trusts. There was little time to see what his second term would bring, however. On September 6, 1901, while standing in a receiving line at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, McKinley was approached by Leon Czolgosz, a Polish-American anarchist carrying a concealed .32 revolver in a handkerchief. Drawing his weapon, Czolgosz shot McKinley twice at close range. One bullet deflected off a suit button, but the other entered his stomach, passed through the kidneys, and lodged in his back. When he was operated on, doctors failed to find the bullet, and gangrene soon spread throughout his body. McKinley died eight days later. Czolgosz was convicted of murder and executed soon after the shooting.

by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 7:12 AM
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Replies (1-10):
itsallabtthem84
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 8:32 AM
I don't remember learning about any of this in school, tfs.
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fineyouguyswin
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 9:00 AM

Thanks for sharing :O)

Barabell
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 10:36 AM

Ouch, sounds like a horrible way to go.

Good summary of his presidential career too. Thanks for sharing.

CoolMommyofboys
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 10:41 AM

thanks for posting

KTMOM
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 10:57 AM

Thanks for sharing

auroragold
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 11:45 AM


Quoting itsallabtthem84:

I don't remember learning about any of this in school, tfs.

Many times I don't remember learning it either. Not sure if it was taught and I forgot or....not just taught.

One of the great things about homeschooling is all the stuff *I* have to relearn to teach!

styler7
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 12:37 PM

ouch!

telecomgirl
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 1:47 PM

I either was never taught, or didn't pay enough attention and can't remember learning this. Fascinating though.

Thanks for sharing!

Jukebox_Jenny
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 2:05 PM
Me neither!


Quoting itsallabtthem84:

I don't remember learning about any of this in school, tfs.

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Jukebox_Jenny
by on Sep. 14, 2011 at 2:05 PM
I kinda blanked out history...I had crappy teachers for history. Lol!


Quoting telecomgirl:

I either was never taught, or didn't pay enough attention and can't remember learning this. Fascinating though.


Thanks for sharing!


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