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The Names are All Husna (for bethany)

Posted by on Aug. 21, 2012 at 12:56 PM
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This is the first of the notes from my creed class that i started at home. I thought it would be of benefit to all the sisters here .

My battery is about to die, and I don't know how to upload files onto the group.. so hope pasting it wont be a problem.  Let me know if you have any questions.

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Dr Saleh As-Saleh's Creed: Audio 2: "The Name Are All Husna" Part 1

·         All of Allaah's Names are considered to be "الحُسْنى": Al-Husna

·         The term الحُسْنى means "The best" and "Most perfect" and "Most beautiful".

·         Allaah says in four places in the Qur'an that all of His names are Al-Husna:

o   "وَلِلّهِ الأَسْمَاء الْحُسْنَى فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا وَذَرُواْ الَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِي أَسْمَآئِهِ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ"

 

"And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allâh, so call on Him by them..." (Al-A'raf 7:180)

o   "Say (O Muhammad SAW): "Invoke Allâh or invoke the Most Beneficent (Allâh), by whatever name you invoke Him (it is the same), for to Him belong the Best Names." (Al-Isra 17:110)

o    "Allâh! Lâ ilâhla illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! To Him belong the Best Names." (Ta-Ha 20:8)

o   "He is Allâh, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names..." (Al-Hashr 59:24)

·         What does Al-Husna mean?

o   All of Allaah's Names indicate and affirm His Perfect Attributes. So there are Names as well as Attributes of Allaah.

o   That is why they are Al-Husna i.e. the Best and Most Perfect. Had they been just words without meaning then they would not have been Al-Husna. Allah is glorified from being named with words without meaning. I.e. one of His Names is Al-Qawee which means "Most Strong". This indicates His perfect strength. This strength is not preceded by weakness nor will it come to an end.

o   Another name is Al-Hayy (The Living), which implicates perfect living that precedes Adam عليه السلام, non-existence, and not coming to naught. Allaah's Living entails perfect qualities such as Knowledge, Power, Hearing, Seeing and other qualities.

o   Another name is Al-Alim (All-Knowledgable), and entails perfect knowledge that is neither preceded by ignorance nor does it entail forgetfulness. Allah says:

§   "Verily, the Hour is coming and My Will is to keep it hidden that every person may be rewarded for that which he strives." (Ta-Ha 20:15)

o   The case is also true with the name Ar-Rahman which implicates the Perfect Mercy of Allah. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) spoke about the Perfect Mercy of Allaah when he saw a war captive. When he saw her milking her breasts and when a child was hungry she would feed from it. She had lost her son. The Prophet said: "Can you think that this woman could throw her son into the fire?" The companions said "No". The Prophet said: "Allah is more merciful to His slaves than this mum is to her son." [Bukhari 8:28].

·         What are the aspects of Al-Husna?

o   1st Aspect: The name Ar-Rahman implicitly denotes that Allaah's Mercy embraces everything.

o   2nd Aspect: All of Allaah's Names are perfect, unique and are qualitative nouns that denote the Essence of Allaah Himself. In this regard they are synonymous. The names are qualitative because they are attributes of perfect meaning. However as attributes they are distinct from each other.

§  Al-Hayy (The Ever-living), Al-Alim  (The Most Knowledgeable), Al-Sameer, Al-Baseer, Ar-Raheem etc. These are all Names of the One True God, but each has a different meaning. They are NOT different entities but have different meanings.

o   The Name Allaah denotes ALL the Names as well as Attributes. E.g. we say that Allaah is Ar-Rahman. But it is wrong to say that Allaah is one of the Names of Al-Rahman, or Al-Aziz etc.

*Thus the name Allaah encompasses all the Asmaa ul-Husna - Most Beautiful Names.

§  الله' is derived from the Attribute Al-Ilaahiyya: meaning the only True God worthy of being worshipped, loved, glorified and sought at all times- because Allaah is the Lord of ‘Alameen. He is the Lord of all Creation. His Actions, Ability, Perfect running of Affairs, Bestowing of Affairs and Protecting from harm are all specifically associated to the name Ar-Rabb.

§  Secondly, the name Ar-Rahman (The Most Beneficiant) means He does not neglect His slaves. Implicit in this name are the merciful acts of sending down messengers and books with revelation that bring life to the hearts of men by making them knowledgeable of Him, Subhaanahu wa ta ‘ala. This is more profound than the physical nourishment of creation.

·         Ar-Rahman is associated with His Generosity, Kindness and Courtesy.

·         Ar-Rahma ( Mercy) is His Attribute and embraces everything. This is why Al-Istawa  (Allaah's Rising above His thrown) is most often associated with the name Ar-Rahman. Why? Because the magnificent and great ‘Arsh (thrown) is above creation and encompasses it and Ar-Rahma embraces all creation as Allaah says: "The Most Beneficent (Allâh) Istawâ (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty)." (Ta-Ha 20:5)

·         About His Rahma Allah says: "...My Mercy embraces all things..." (Al-A'raf 7:156)

o    *Benefit from this Ayah: That the Magnificent Throne is above creation and encompasses it just as the Rahma encompasses creation.

·         The relationship between the Magnificient ‘Arsh and Ar-Rahma is further  emphasised by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) who said: "When Allaah completed the creation He wrote in a book with Him on his Throne "My Rahma overpowers My Anger". In another narration "My Mercy has preceded My Anger" (Agreed upon).

·         When you compare the relationship between ‘Arsh and Rahma based on the above Ayaat and the Hadeeth, and Al-Furqan 25:59: "... Then He Istawâ (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). The Most Beneficent (Allâh)!"- From these one can see the relationship between the name Al-Rahman, and the Greatness of Allaah's Rahma, which can be beautifully deduced by its linkage to the greatest of all creation - the ‘Arsh.

o   3rd Aspect: Maalik ul-Mulk  (The owner of the Dominion and the Day of Resurrection) these are all attributes of justice. Such as Exalting some and Lowering others, Giving and Taking, Judgement and Compelling - all of these are denoted by His Name Al-Maalik.

§  The name Allaah is linked to Ar-Rabb  (The Lord), Ar-Rahman, Al-Maalik  (The Possessor) and all the Attributes denoted by His Name. He is praised in His Ilaahiyya (Divinity), Ruboobiyya (Lordship), Rahma, and His Kingdom (Al-Mulk).

·         Allaah made this link clear in the Soorah Faatihah - "...All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists). The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)" (Al-Fatihah 1:2-4).

o   4th Aspect: Each Name is perfect on its own. When mentioned with other names, perfectness on top of perfectness is emphasised! E.g. Al-Aziz (Almighty), and Al-Hakim (All-Wise), and Al-Aleem (All-Knower). Being the Almighty He is Able to do anything He wants. He however does not do anything without Wisdom as He is Al-Hakim (The All-Wise). And He is All-Wise in His creation and Command. So everything in His creation and Command is related to his Might (Al-Aziz) and His Hikmah (wisdom). This is mentioned in the Qur'an:  "Wa kaana Allaahu ‘Azizun Hakimah - And Allaah is Ever All-Mighty and All-Wise". Similarly the Hikmah is related to His Knowledge, as is stated in the same chapter 4:26 "...and Allâh is All-­Knower, All-­Wise." (An-Nisa 4:26).

§  In fact, all of Allaah's Actions are in accordance with His Wisdom, Knowledge, etc. and these are inseparable Attributes since all are Attributes of Himself.

Umm Hasan (Hasan's Mum)
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أَلَمْ يَأْنِ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ تَخْشَعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ لِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ
Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe to be affected by Allah's Reminder?
[Al-Hadeed : 16]
قال الفضيل بن عياض : اتبع طرق الهدى ولا يضرك قلة السالكين وإياك وطرق الضلالة ولا تغتر بكثرة الهالكين
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by on Aug. 21, 2012 at 12:56 PM
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ummh11
by on Aug. 21, 2012 at 12:57 PM

 

 

o    5th Aspect: Some of Allah's Names are characterised by or possess many Attributes. We know that Allaah is Al-Majeed and that He is Al-Adheem and that He is As-Samad. Each of these Names are characterised by specific and perfect Attributes.

 

§   Al-Majeed - possesses specific Attributes that testify to His perfect being: the supreme abundance of being sufficient to fulfil all the needs of creation. So this Name is characterised by these Attributes. This is why the Name Al-Majeed is used in the Du'aa by which the servant asks Allaah for abundant salaah for Prophet "Allaahumma salli ‘alaa Muhammad ... Innaka Hameed-um Majeed - verily You are the Most Praised and Al-Majeed".

 

§   Similarly many perfect Attributes are associated with the name Al-Adheem and As-Samad. As-Samad is As-Sayyid  (The Master ), as Abdullaah bin Abbas said: "...with perfect Mastership and above whom there is none,  all creation is in need of Him and they seek refuge with him".

 

§   So you can see each Name is characterised by more than one Attribute. Or even that many of these Names are characterised by more than one Attribute.

 

o    6th Aspect: Some of these names and qualities have Al-Ishtiraat. Al-Ishtiraat literally means "sharing". However this bares no degradation on Allaah whatsoever. His Names and Attributes are all perfect and unique to Him, and any attribute to the creation is unique to him/it. Allaah is not like his creation and his creation is not like Him. So this Ishtiraat refers to the fact that there are unspecified, general agreements and coincidences in the terms and meanings of the names and attributes between The Creator and His creation. When specified however each is distinguished by his own unique names and attribute. The Creator's Attributes are perfect and unlike the attributes of creation. And the attributes of creation are imperfect and unlike the Attributes of Allaah.

 

§   E.g. Allaah called Himself Al-Hayy (The Ever-living)in Ayat-ul-Kursi:

 

اللّهُ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ

 

Allâh! Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. (Al-Baqarah 2:255).

 

But Allaah also called some of His creation Hayy:

 

يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ 

"He brings out the living from the dead, and brings out the dead from the living" (Ar-Rum 30:19).
Allah "Al-Hayy" is the "Ever-living" and it is unique to Him and is not like the living which is His creation. So although there is a general sharing of the name, it is not the same.  

 

§   Other Examples:

 

·          Allaah called Himself Al-‘Aleem and Al-Haleem, He called Ishaq   (عليه السلا)   ‘Aleem (knowledgeable) when He said: "And they gave him glad tidings of an intelligent son, having knowledge..." (Adh-Dhariyat 51:28). And Allaah called Isma'eel (عليه السلام  ) Haleem (forbearing) as in: "So We gave him the glad tidings of a forbearing boy." (As-Saffat 37:101).

 

·          Allah named Himself Al-Sameer ul-Baseer (The All-Hearer, All-Seer). He also called man Hearer and Seer. Allaah is Al-Rauf (Most Kind) and Ar-Raheem but He named some of His slaves Rauf (kind) and Raheem.  The One who is Full of Kindness is not like the kind, and the One who is Most Merciful is not like one who is merciful.

 

·          Allaah called himself Al-Malik and named some of his slaves "Malik". The King is not like his slave kings. Knowledge is an Attribute of Allaah but also an attribute of his slaves, but it is not like His Knowledge. Man's knowledge limited and Allaah's Knowledge is All-Encompassing.

 

·          Allaah has a Will and man has a will. Allaah Loves and man loves. Allaah Hates and man hates, Allaah Acts and man acts, etc. There is no similitude or likeness to these Attributes of Will, Speech, Act, Hands etc. of Allaah's to His creation's.

 

§   Thus none of these Attributes can be explained in ways that are similar to those of the created. 

 

·          *This is an important point: That Allaah's Attributes are real and true and unique to Him and Man's attributes are real and true and are unique to him.

 

o    7th Aspect: The Names and Attributes are Al-Husna because they are the most perfect, as they came through the way of Wahee (revelation) and not from human intellect. The mind is incapable of understanding many existing matters let alone the nature of the unseen. That is why the understanding of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors) regarding the role of the human intellect in understanding the texts of the revelations of the Qur'an falls between two extremes:

 

§    That of the school of thought of Theology which over emphasises the role of the mind.

 

§   And the mystic school of Sufism which throws the mind's reasoning and replaces it with ‘Dhauq' or ‘spiritual experience' achieving the states of ‘Fana' -  spiritual state of emulation in Allaah, and Al-Wusool to Allaah and the like.

 

§   The Prophet knew Allah through revelation. Had this Sufi or the scholastic theology been a prerequisite to the knowledge of Allaah than the best three generations would have rushed to understand Allaah in this way.

 

·          So these two schools of thought are unable to comprehend the Names and Attributes of Allaah in the manner He deserves. Moreover they are guilty of saying about Allaah what one has no knowledge of saying. This is like the saying of Allaah:  "And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of which you have no knowledge (e.g. one's saying: "I have seen," while in fact he has not seen, or "I have heard," while he has not heard)..." (Al-Isra 17:36).

 

§    Another point of evidence of this:  "Say (O Muhammad): "(But) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al­-Fawâhish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allâh for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allâh of which you have no knowledge." (7:33)

 

§   Assigning names to Allaah that He did not reveal, or describing Him in ways that He Has not permitted, is a serious injustice against Allaah. The Muslim abides by the most beautiful Names and Attributes as they are in the texts of Quran and Hadeeth.

 

 

ummh11
by on Aug. 21, 2012 at 12:58 PM

o    8th Aspect: Allaah's Names are all Husna as they are all from "Al-Muhkam"- which are clear meanings in itself as well as with accompanying texts.

 

§   Their meanings are not Mashghool - they are not unknown. The only thing that is unknown is the كيْف   - or "how" of each name.

 

o    9th Aspect: Overall it is wrong to derive specific names of Allaah from actions which came restricted in certain texts of the Qur'an and Sunnah.  *This is an important point.

 

§   E.g. Allaah mocks at the hypocrites, who out of mockery, claim belief when they are around the believers:

 

اللّهُ يَسْتَهْزِئُ بِهِمْ وَيَمُدُّهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ 

 

"Allâh mocks at them and gives them increase in their wrong-doings to wander blindly." (Al-Baqarah 2:15).

 

·          No name of Allaah is justifiably derived from the act of mocking, e.g. saying متهزى   - "mutahzi - the one who mocks" as no name like this for Allaah has been mentioned in the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

 

·          The mocking of Allaah at those who mock Him and the religion are in this case a perfect Attribute. However it cannot be generalised that mocking is an attribute of Allaah because in its unrestricted use it has a negative as well as a good meaning.

 

 

 

·          The same holds true in this case:  

 

 "إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ يُخَادِعُونَ اللّهَ وَهُوَ خَادِعُهُمْ " 

 

"Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allâh, but it is He Who deceives them" (An-Nisa 4:142).

 

·          Also with respect to plotting:

 

"وَمَكَرُواْ وَمَكَرَ اللّهُ وَاللّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ  "

 

"And they (disbelievers) plotted [to kill 'Isa (Jesus)], and Allâh planned too. And Allâh is the Best of the planners." (Aali Imran 3:54)

 

·          So the disbelievers plotted to kill ‘Isa (عليه السلام  ) and Allaah too plotted against them. Allaah's deception of the disbelievers is Perfect and good. It is mentioned is response to their evil deception.

 

·          The word مكر   - "makara" has a bad meaning: to have an evil plan or carry out some secret purpose. That was the plot of the disbelievers to carry out an attack against Allaah's prophet ‘Isa (عليه السلام  ) but Allaah in Whose Hands is all good, planned to save ‘Isa . Therefore we cannot generalise and say that ‘makara' is a name of Allaah.

 

·          Similarly Allaah tests people with Fitan - tests and trials. There is no such name that is derived from "fitnah" or is affirmed in Qur'an and Sunnah. Thus there is no name that can be derived from such actions of Allaah.

 

·         The name Al-Muntaqim (The Avenger) is NOT one of Allaah's Beautiful Names that have been described by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). It came in the Qur'an in a restricted way, as in the saying of Allaah:

 

"وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن ذُكِّرَ بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِ ثُمَّ أَعْرَضَ عَنْهَا إِنَّا مِنَ الْمُجْرِمِينَ مُنتَقِمُونَ"

 

"And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, then he turns aside therefrom? Verily, We shall exact retribution from the Mujrimûn" (As-Sajdah 32:22).

 

·         Also Surah Ibraahim:

 

"إِنَّ اللّهَ عَزِيزٌ ذُو انْتِقَامٍ"

 

"Certainly, Allâh is All-Mighty, - All-Able of Retribution." (14:47).

 

·         To end on this note,  ascribing names to Allaah that has not been mentioned in the Qura'an and/or the Authentic Sunnah is a grave sin because it is from the type of "saying about Allaah what one has no knowledge of" as mentioned above.

 

 

 

 

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