This is the first of the notes from my creed class that i started at home. I thought it would be of benefit to all the sisters here .
My battery is about to die, and I don't know how to upload files onto the group.. so hope pasting it wont be a problem. Let me know if you have any questions.
Dr Saleh As-Saleh's Creed: Audio 2: "The Name Are All Husna" Part 1
•· All of Allaah's Names are considered to be "الحُسْنى": Al-Husna
•· The term الحُسْنى means "The best" and "Most perfect" and "Most beautiful".
•· Allaah says in four places in the Qur'an that all of His names are Al-Husna:
•o "وَلِلّهِ الأَسْمَاء الْحُسْنَى فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا وَذَرُواْ الَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِي أَسْمَآئِهِ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ"
"And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allâh, so call on Him by them..." (Al-A'raf 7:180)
•o "Say (O Muhammad SAW): "Invoke Allâh or invoke the Most Beneficent (Allâh), by whatever name you invoke Him (it is the same), for to Him belong the Best Names." (Al-Isra 17:110)
•o "Allâh! Lâ ilâhla illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! To Him belong the Best Names." (Ta-Ha 20:8)
•o "He is Allâh, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names..." (Al-Hashr 59:24)
•· What does Al-Husna mean?
•o All of Allaah's Names indicate and affirm His Perfect Attributes. So there are Names as well as Attributes of Allaah.
•o That is why they are Al-Husna i.e. the Best and Most Perfect. Had they been just words without meaning then they would not have been Al-Husna. Allah is glorified from being named with words without meaning. I.e. one of His Names is Al-Qawee which means "Most Strong". This indicates His perfect strength. This strength is not preceded by weakness nor will it come to an end.
•o Another name is Al-Hayy (The Living), which implicates perfect living that precedes Adam عليه السلام, non-existence, and not coming to naught. Allaah's Living entails perfect qualities such as Knowledge, Power, Hearing, Seeing and other qualities.
•o Another name is Al-Alim (All-Knowledgable), and entails perfect knowledge that is neither preceded by ignorance nor does it entail forgetfulness. Allah says:
•§ "Verily, the Hour is coming and My Will is to keep it hidden that every person may be rewarded for that which he strives." (Ta-Ha 20:15)
•o The case is also true with the name Ar-Rahman which implicates the Perfect Mercy of Allah. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) spoke about the Perfect Mercy of Allaah when he saw a war captive. When he saw her milking her breasts and when a child was hungry she would feed from it. She had lost her son. The Prophet said: "Can you think that this woman could throw her son into the fire?" The companions said "No". The Prophet said: "Allah is more merciful to His slaves than this mum is to her son." [Bukhari 8:28].
•· What are the aspects of Al-Husna?
•o 1st Aspect: The name Ar-Rahman implicitly denotes that Allaah's Mercy embraces everything.
•o 2nd Aspect: All of Allaah's Names are perfect, unique and are qualitative nouns that denote the Essence of Allaah Himself. In this regard they are synonymous. The names are qualitative because they are attributes of perfect meaning. However as attributes they are distinct from each other.
•§ Al-Hayy (The Ever-living), Al-Alim (The Most Knowledgeable), Al-Sameer, Al-Baseer, Ar-Raheem etc. These are all Names of the One True God, but each has a different meaning. They are NOT different entities but have different meanings.
•o The Name Allaah denotes ALL the Names as well as Attributes. E.g. we say that Allaah is Ar-Rahman. But it is wrong to say that Allaah is one of the Names of Al-Rahman, or Al-Aziz etc.
*Thus the name Allaah encompasses all the Asmaa ul-Husna - Most Beautiful Names.
•§ ‘الله' is derived from the Attribute Al-Ilaahiyya: meaning the only True God worthy of being worshipped, loved, glorified and sought at all times- because Allaah is the Lord of ‘Alameen. He is the Lord of all Creation. His Actions, Ability, Perfect running of Affairs, Bestowing of Affairs and Protecting from harm are all specifically associated to the name Ar-Rabb.
•§ Secondly, the name Ar-Rahman (The Most Beneficiant) means He does not neglect His slaves. Implicit in this name are the merciful acts of sending down messengers and books with revelation that bring life to the hearts of men by making them knowledgeable of Him, Subhaanahu wa ta ‘ala. This is more profound than the physical nourishment of creation.
•· Ar-Rahman is associated with His Generosity, Kindness and Courtesy.
•· Ar-Rahma ( Mercy) is His Attribute and embraces everything. This is why Al-Istawa (Allaah's Rising above His thrown) is most often associated with the name Ar-Rahman. Why? Because the magnificent and great ‘Arsh (thrown) is above creation and encompasses it and Ar-Rahma embraces all creation as Allaah says: "The Most Beneficent (Allâh) Istawâ (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty)." (Ta-Ha 20:5)
•· About His Rahma Allah says: "...My Mercy embraces all things..." (Al-A'raf 7:156)
•o *Benefit from this Ayah: That the Magnificent Throne is above creation and encompasses it just as the Rahma encompasses creation.
•· The relationship between the Magnificient ‘Arsh and Ar-Rahma is further emphasised by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) who said: "When Allaah completed the creation He wrote in a book with Him on his Throne "My Rahma overpowers My Anger". In another narration "My Mercy has preceded My Anger" (Agreed upon).
•· When you compare the relationship between ‘Arsh and Rahma based on the above Ayaat and the Hadeeth, and Al-Furqan 25:59: "... Then He Istawâ (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). The Most Beneficent (Allâh)!"- From these one can see the relationship between the name Al-Rahman, and the Greatness of Allaah's Rahma, which can be beautifully deduced by its linkage to the greatest of all creation - the ‘Arsh.
•o 3rd Aspect: Maalik ul-Mulk (The owner of the Dominion and the Day of Resurrection) these are all attributes of justice. Such as Exalting some and Lowering others, Giving and Taking, Judgement and Compelling - all of these are denoted by His Name Al-Maalik.
•§ The name Allaah is linked to Ar-Rabb (The Lord), Ar-Rahman, Al-Maalik (The Possessor) and all the Attributes denoted by His Name. He is praised in His Ilaahiyya (Divinity), Ruboobiyya (Lordship), Rahma, and His Kingdom (Al-Mulk).
•· Allaah made this link clear in the Soorah Faatihah - "...All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists). The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)" (Al-Fatihah 1:2-4).
•o 4th Aspect: Each Name is perfect on its own. When mentioned with other names, perfectness on top of perfectness is emphasised! E.g. Al-Aziz (Almighty), and Al-Hakim (All-Wise), and Al-Aleem (All-Knower). Being the Almighty He is Able to do anything He wants. He however does not do anything without Wisdom as He is Al-Hakim (The All-Wise). And He is All-Wise in His creation and Command. So everything in His creation and Command is related to his Might (Al-Aziz) and His Hikmah (wisdom). This is mentioned in the Qur'an: "Wa kaana Allaahu ‘Azizun Hakimah - And Allaah is Ever All-Mighty and All-Wise". Similarly the Hikmah is related to His Knowledge, as is stated in the same chapter 4:26 "...and Allâh is All-Knower, All-Wise." (An-Nisa 4:26).
•§ In fact, all of Allaah's Actions are in accordance with His Wisdom, Knowledge, etc. and these are inseparable Attributes since all are Attributes of Himself.
أَلَمْ يَأْنِ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ تَخْشَعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ لِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ
Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe to be affected by Allah's Reminder?
[Al-Hadeed : 16]
قال الفضيل بن عياض : اتبع طرق الهدى ولا يضرك قلة السالكين وإياك وطرق الضلالة ولا تغتر بكثرة الهالكين