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Friday: a day of worship? which worships are from Islam and which are bid'ah?(+ the virtues of the day)

Posted by (Group Owner) on Mar. 30, 2008 at 12:32 AM
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assalaamu alaikum sisters,

I was researching a some what different topic when I came across this fatwa about the worships that are done on Fridays
My son was asking me about the virtues of the day. and I told him that it was the day that Adam was created. and the day he entered Jannah. it was the day that Allah 'Azza wa jalla ascended his throne after finishing the creation of heaven and earth. it is the day of the battle of badr...etc. among other things.
so I was trying to find more ahadith to talk about the virtues of the day. when i came across this fatwa that shows the worships that should be done. and those that should be avoided on Fridays.

( ***ETA: Praying Friday prayer at the masjid is an obligation on the men NOT the women.)

Insha' Allah you will find it beneficial.

if I speak in error then it is from me.
I leave you in the trusted care of Allah

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There are many acts of worship which are prescribed for the Muslim to do on this day. These include: 

1 – Salaat al-Jumu’ah (Friday prayer) 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on Friday (Jumu‘ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allaah [Jumu‘ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing). That is better for you if you did but know!

[al-Jumu’ah 62:9] 

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Zaad al-Ma’aad (1/376): 

Friday prayer is one of the most important obligations in Islam, and one of the greatest gatherings of the Muslims. Gathering on Friday is more important and more obligatory than any other gathering apart from ‘Arafah. Whoever neglects it, Allaah will place a seal on his heart. 

It was narrated from Abu’l-Ja’d al-Damari – who was a companion of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) – that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever neglects three Jumu’ahs, Allaah will place a seal on his heart.” 

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1052; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 928 

It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar and Abu Hurayrah that they heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say on the minbar: 

Let people stop neglecting Jumu’ah, or Allaah will place a seal on their hearts, then they will be among those who are neglectful.” 

Narrated by Muslim, 865. 

2 – Making a lot of du’aa’. 

On this day there is a time when a person’s Lord will answer his du’aa’ – by Allaah’s leave. 

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) mentioned Friday and said: “On this day there is a time when no Muslim stands and prays, asking Allaah for something, but Allaah will grant him it” – and he gestured with his hands to indicate how short that time is

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 893; Muslim, 852 

3 – Reading Soorat al-Kahf. 

It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khduri that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever reads Soorat al-Kahf on Friday, he will be illuminated with light between the two Fridays.” Narrated by al-Haakim; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 836 

4 – Sending a lot of blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). 

It was narrated from Aws ibn Aws that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of your days is Friday. On that day Adam (peace be upon him) was created; on that day he died; on that day the Trumpet will be blown; and on that day all of creation will swoon. So send a great deal of blessings upon me, for your blessings will be shown to me.” They said, “O Messenger of Allaah, how will our blessings upon you be shown to you when you have turned to dust?” He said, “Allaah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets, peace be upon them.” 

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1047; classed as saheeh by Ibn al-Qayyim in his comments on Sunan Abi Dawood, 4/273; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 925. 

He said in ‘Awn al-Ma’bood

Friday is singled out because it is the best of days and the chosen day. So there is an advantage to sending blessings upon him on that day that is not present on any other day. 

Along with these virtues and acts of worship, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade singling out Friday for fasting, or singling out the night of Friday for doing acts of worship that are not narrated in sharee’ah.  

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not single out the night of Friday for qiyaam al-layl, and do not single out the day of Friday for fasting, unless that is part of the habitual fasting of any one of you.”

(Narrated by Muslim, 1144). 

Al-San’aani said in Subul al-Salaam

This hadeeth indicates that it is haraam to single out the night of Friday for worship or reading Qur’aan that is not one’s regular custom, apart from that which is indicated in the texts, such as reading Soorat al-Kahf. 

Al-Nawawi said: 

This hadeeth clearly states that it is forbidden to single out the night of Friday for prayer or the day of Friday for fasting. It is agreed (among the scholars) that this is makrooh. 

He also said: 

The scholars said that the reason why it is forbidden to single out Friday for fasting is that Friday is a day of du’aa’, dhikr and worship, such as ghusl, going early to the prayer, waiting for the prayer, listening to the khutbah and reciting a lot of dhikr afterwards, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Then when the (Jumu‘ah) Salaah (prayer) is ended, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allaah (by working), and remember Allaah much”

[al-Jumu’ah 62:10] 

And there are other acts of worship to be done on this day. So it is preferable not to fast then, as this will help a person to perform these duties in an energetic manner and enjoy them without feeling bored or tired. This is like the pilgrim on the day of ‘Arafah in ‘Arafah, because the Sunnah is for him not to fast on that day for the same reason… This is the reason for not allowing singling out Friday for  fasting. And it was said that the reason is so that people will not go to extremes in venerating it as happened in the case of Saturday. But this view is weak, because on that day we offer Jumu’ah prayer and do other acts of worship which are a kind of veneration. And it was said that the reason for its prohibition is so that people would not think that this was obligatory. This is also a weak view because it is encouraged to fast on Mondays and there was no fear that anyone would think it was obligatory. No attention should be paid to this far-fetched view. The same argument is applicable in the case of fasting the day of ‘Arafah and the day of ‘Ashoora’, etc. The correct view is that which we have stated above. 

And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A

Love and salaam (peace)

 (proud2bmom3 Muslim Moms-- Owner. 

by on Mar. 30, 2008 at 12:32 AM
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proud2bmom3 Group Owner
by on Mar. 30, 2008 at 12:38 AM
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assalamu alaikum sisters,
well, as some of you might have noticed. I edited the name of the post and included the virtues of the day because I found what I was looking for and thought I would share it with you wonderful sisters as well.. insha' Allah it will be of benefit to all.

May Allah guide us always to what pleases him. Ameen.

I leave you in the trusted care of Allah.

<><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><>



Virtues of Friday

Question:
What is the merit of Friday over other days ? and why ?.

Answer:

Praise be to Allaah.  

Friday has many distinguishing features and virtues that Allaah has bestowed upon this day and not others. 

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah and Hudhayfah (may Allaah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah led those who came before us away from Friday. The Jews had Saturday, and the Christians had Sunday. Then Allaah brought us and Allaah guided us to Friday. So there is Friday, Saturday and Sunday, and thus they will follow us on the Day of Resurrection. We are the last of the people of this world but we will be the first on the Day of Resurrection, and we will be dealt with before all others.” 

Narrated by Muslim, 856. 

Al-Nawawi said: 

Al-Qaadi said: The apparent meaning is that it was obligatory for them to venerate Friday but this was not stated clearly; the matter was left to their own reasoning… But they did not manage to work it out and Allaah did not guide them to it. It was enjoined clearly upon this ummah, and was not left to their own reasoning, thus they were blessed with it … It was narrated that Moosa enjoined Friday upon them and told them of its virtues, but they disputed with him and argued that Saturday was better, and it was said to him, ‘Let them be.’ Al-Qaadi said: if there had been a clear command, their arguing with him would not have been valid, rather it would have been said to him that they were going against the command. I say: it may be that that was clearly enjoined upon them but they disputed as to whether it was something they had to adhere to or they could change it to another day; they decided to change it to another day and they erred greatly thereby. 

It comes as no surprise that Friday was specifically enjoined upon them and they went against that. 

Al-Haafiz said: How can it be otherwise when they are the ones who said “We hear and we disobey”? 

It was narrated from Aws ibn Aws that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of your days is Friday. On that day Adam (peace be upon him) was created; on that day he died; on that day the Trumpet will be blown and on that day all of creation will swoon. So send a great deal of blessings upon me, for your blessings will be shown to me.” They said, “O Messenger of Allaah, how will our blessings upon you be shown to you when you have turned to dust?” He said, “Allaah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets, peace be upon them.” 

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1047; classed as saheeh by Ibn al-Qayyim in his comments on Sunan Abi Dawood, 4/273; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 925. 

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. On it Adam was created, on it he was admitted to Paradise and on it he was expelled therefrom.” 

Narrated by Muslim, 1410. 

This hadeeth includes some of the reasons why Friday is regarded as special.  

Al-Nawawi said: 

Al-Qaadi ‘Iyaad said: The apparent meaning is that these virtues do not mean that Friday is regarded as special because Adam was expelled on a Friday and the Hour will begin on a Friday. Rather it is meant to explain what momentous events took place and will take place on this day, so that people will make the most of this day to do righteous deeds, so as to attain the mercy of Allaah and ward off His punishment.  This is the view of al-Qaadi. Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi said in his book al-Ahwadhi fi Sharh al-Tirmidhi: All of these events are good and add to the virtue of Friday. The expulsion of Adam from Paradise is the reason why his offspring and the Messengers, the Prophets, the righteous and the awliya’ exist. He was not expelled from it as such, but rather it was for a purpose, then he will return to it. With regard to the Hour beginning on a Friday, the reason is so that the reward may be hastened for the Prophets, believers in truth, awliya’ and others, and their honour and high status may be made manifest. This hadeeth points to the virtues of Friday and its high status in relation to the other days.  

It was narrated that Abu Lubaabah ibn ‘Abd al-Mundhir said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Friday is the master of days, and the greatest of them before Allaah. It is greater before Allaah than the day of al-Adha and the day of al-Fitr. It has five characteristics: on this day Allaah created Adam, on it He sent Adam down to the earth, on it Allaah caused Adam to die, on it there is a time when a person does not ask Allaah for anything but He gives it to him, so long as he does not ask for anything haraam, and on it the Hour will begin. There is no angel who is close to Allaah, no heaven, no earth, no wind, no mountain and no sea that does not fear Friday.” 

Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 1084; classed as hasan by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 2279 

Al-Sanadi said:  

They fear Friday” means they fear the onset of the Hour. This indicates that all created beings are aware of the days and they know that the Day of Resurrection will come on a Friday. 

The virtues of this day include the following: 

1 – On it is Salaat al-Jumu’ah (Friday prayer), which is the best of prayer. 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on Friday (Jumu‘ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allaah [Jumu‘ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing). That is better for you if you did but know!

[al-Jumu’ah 62:9] 

Muslim (233) narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The five daily prayers and from one Jumu’ah to the next is an expiation for whatever sins come in between them, so long as one does not commit a major sin.” 

2 – Praying Fajr in congregation on Fridays is the best prayer that the Muslim can pray during the week. 

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best prayer before Allaah is Fajr prayer on Friday in congregation.” 

Narrated by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1119 

One of the special features of Fajr prayer on Friday is that it is Sunnah to recite Soorat al-Sajdah in the first rak’ah and Soorat al-Insaan in the second. 

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite in Fajr prayer in Fridays Alif-Laam-Meem Tanzeel (Soorat al-Sajdah) in the first rak’ah and Hal ata ‘ala’l-insaan heenun min al-dahr lam yakun shay’an madhkooran (Soorat al-Insaan) in the second. 

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 851; Muslim, 880. 

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said: 

It was said that the reason why these two soorahs are recited is because they mention the creation of Adam and what will happen on the Day of Resurrection, because that will come to pass on a Friday. 

3 – Whoever dies during the day or night of Friday, Allaah will protect him from the trial of the grave. 

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no Muslim who dies during the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allaah will protect him from the trial of the grave.” 

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1074; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz, p. 49, 50 

These are some of the virtues of Friday. We ask Allaah to help us to please Him. 

And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A

Love and salaam (peace)

 (proud2bmom3 Muslim Moms-- Owner. 

proud2bmom3 Group Owner
by on Dec. 4, 2009 at 1:41 PM
1 mom liked this

bump Assalamu alaikum sisters, I know this is almost two years old. but I thought that the reminder might benefit the believer

please remember that it is Sunnah to read Surah al-kahf ( the cave) on Fridays.. and that spans from Sunset on Thursday till sunset on Friday-- in the lunar calender the day starts at sunset and ends at sunset the following day

may Allah accept our deeds and guide us to what pleases Him Ameen.

Love and salaam (peace)

 (proud2bmom3 Muslim Moms-- Owner. 

practicingislam
by on Dec. 4, 2009 at 5:16 PM

blowing kisses

muhajjirah Group Admin
by on Dec. 5, 2009 at 3:00 PM

asalaam alaikum proud, do u have the links to what you've posted here. these are excellent reminders and i want to send them to others as well inshaAllah..surely reminders benefit the beleivers, love u.

proud2bmom3 Group Owner
by on Jun. 8, 2012 at 12:46 PM

Bumpity bump.. lol.. Love this post.. even though it is a few years old.. insha' Allah when I have more time I will edit it for verses and hadiths .. have a blessed Friday everyone.

anagalia011
by on Jun. 8, 2012 at 5:46 PM
1 mom liked this

Asalam Alaikum Sister,  Shokran for the post.  This is the first time I have seen this post.  I am a fairly new convert.  I have learned a lot from your post.

Mommy2BeAmy
by on Jun. 8, 2012 at 6:03 PM
1 mom liked this
مشالله sister this is beautiful TabarakAllah may Allah bless you for sharing inshallah Ameen !!

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proud2bmom3 Group Owner
by on Feb. 1, 2013 at 4:19 AM

bump

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