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Appeals court strikes down Michigan's affirmative action ban

Posted by on Nov. 16, 2012 at 11:44 AM
  • 16 Replies

Apparently some people can't get into a university on their own merit.  They need special rules.

(CNN) -- A federal appeals court on Thursday narrowly struck down Michigan's 6-year-old ban on considering race and gender in college admissions, a ruling that the state intends to appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court.

The U.S. 6th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled 8-7 that the affirmative action ban, which Michigan voters passed in a 2006 referendum, violated the U.S. Constitution's equal protection laws.

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The ruling is the latest step in a years-long legal battle over whether the state's colleges can use race and gender as a factor in choosing which students to admit. The ban's opponents say the case could help strike down anti-affirmative-action policies in other states if it goes to the Supreme Court.

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"We think this is a tremendous victory for the tens and hundreds of thousands of students who fought for affirmative action for decades," said Michigan attorney George Washington, who represents the By Any Means Necessary coalition that sued to overturn the ban.

"This is a tremendous day for black and Latino students in the entire country," Washington said.

The ruling might take a while to go into effect, if ever. The office of Michigan Attorney General Bill Schuette, who is defending the ban, says the court's rulings take effect only when it issues a mandate, usually weeks later.

But Schuette intends to inform the court that he will appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court, and will ask the appeals court to stay its ruling until the high court can review the case, Schuette spokeswoman Joy Yearout said.

Schuette plans to file an appeal with the U.S. Supreme Court within 90 days, his office said.

"(The ban) embodies the fundamental premise of what America is all about: equal opportunity under the law," Schuette said in a news release Thursday. "Entrance to our great universities must be based upon merit."

A three-judge panel from the same court made a similar ruling on the ban last year, 2-1. Schuette then asked the full court to consider the case, leading to Thursday's ruling.

The ban was passed in a 2006 referendum, with 58% voting yes. It was added to the state's constitution, barring publicly funded colleges from granting "preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity or national origin."

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That prompted a series of lawsuits and appeals from various groups.

In Thursday's ruling, Judge R. Guy Cole wrote that the ban illegally gives minorities fewer ways to persuade colleges to adopt a "race-conscious admissions policy" than people have to influence colleges on other aspects of admissions.

"A black student seeking the adoption of a constitutionally permissible race-conscious admissions policy ... could do only one thing to effect change: She could attempt to amend the Michigan Constitution -- a lengthy, expensive and arduous process -- to repeal the consequences" of the ban, Cole wrote.

On the other hand, a student could do several other things to persuade a college to alter its admissions policy to favor applicants' alumni connections, including lobbying the admissions committee or petitioning the university's leaders, Cole wrote.

"The existence of such a comparative structural burden undermines the Equal Protection Clause's guarantee that all citizens ought to have equal access to the tools of political change," Cole wrote.

Michigan voters approved the ban after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 2003 that while Michigan universities could use race as a factor in choosing which students to admit, they could not make race the determining factor in deciding whether applicants are accepted

The referendum effort was led by Jennifer Gratz, who was at the center of the high court case. As a white student, she was put on the waiting list for undergraduate admission to the state's largest university. She eventually attended another school, and became the lead plaintiff in a subsequent reverse discrimination lawsuit.

After the Supreme Court's 2003 decision, she began a public campaign to end racial preferences in admissions.

Affirmative action: Good or harmful?

The Michigan ban also prohibits the state from considering race and gender in public hiring and public contracting decisions. But Thursday's ruling deals only with the college admissions portion, Yearout said.

Efforts over decades to create a diverse classroom have been controversial. The Brown v. Board of Education high court ruling in 1954 ended segregation of public schools, but sparked nationwide protests and disobedience by states who initially refused to integrate.

In 1978 in the so-called Bakke case, the Supreme Court ruled universities have a compelling state interest in promoting diversity that allows for the use of affirmative action. That issue involved a reverse discrimination claim by a white man denied admission to law school.

The issue in recent years is whether and when affirmative action programs would eventually have to be phased out as the goal of obtaining diversity is met.

The Supreme Court is considering whether the University of Texas' admissions practices aimed at creating campus diversity violate the rights of some white applicants.

Washington said he hopes that the Supreme Court takes the Michigan case. He said he hopes that if it rules against the ban, it also would strike down some other states' rules against affirmative action, such as those in California that do not allow race considerations in college admissions.





by on Nov. 16, 2012 at 11:44 AM
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Replies (1-10):
candlegal
by Judy on Nov. 16, 2012 at 11:46 AM

So much for what the people vote for


Radarma
by "OneDar" on Nov. 16, 2012 at 12:51 PM

 And why should we consider race when it pertains to college admission?

Anyone?

motha2daDuchess
by Bruja on Nov. 16, 2012 at 7:48 PM
The reason "black colleges" were created was because that was the only way that a black person could GO to college. You know afirmative action also helps women, because in a patriarchal society women don't count either...

Quoting Radarma:

 And why should we consider race when it pertains to college admission?


Anyone?

Posted on the NEW CafeMom Mobile
Radarma
by "OneDar" on Nov. 16, 2012 at 8:25 PM
Quoting motha2daDuchess:




We can all go now. Cool, huh?
JTROX
by Gold Member on Nov. 16, 2012 at 9:05 PM
1 mom liked this

I would be embarrassed to need preferential treatment to get into college.  People should receive admission based on merit alone.

LauraKW
by "Dude!" on Nov. 16, 2012 at 9:43 PM
1 mom liked this
Irony: All the women bitching about Affirmative Action when Affirmative Action likely helped them get into college.
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Claire-Huxtable
by on Nov. 16, 2012 at 9:45 PM

I received no extra points or credit for having a vagina.

Now, I will not deny that they had to allow women to start attending in 1974 and allowing them degrees.  But no, being female did not get me extra points.

Quoting LauraKW:

Irony: All the women bitching about Affirmative Action when Affirmative Action likely helped them get into college.


motha2daDuchess
by Bruja on Nov. 16, 2012 at 10:29 PM
But it got you all in, allegedly
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Claire-Huxtable
by on Nov. 16, 2012 at 10:36 PM

Saying that they can't say you can't attend if you are female is not the same thing as saying women and certain races deserve bonus points in admissions.

Quoting motha2daDuchess:

But it got you all in, allegedly


UpSheRises
by Platinum Member on Nov. 17, 2012 at 9:09 AM


Quoting Radarma:

 And why should we consider race when it pertains to college admission?

Anyone?

The same reason we should consider whether you parent was an alum...because colleges know better than we do about which students will benefit their institutions the most.

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