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First Love Child of Human, Neanderthal Found

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The skeletal remains of an individual living in northern Italy 40,000-30,000 years ago are believed to be that of a human/Neanderthal hybrid, according to a paper in PLoS ONE.

If further analysis proves the theory correct, the remains belonged to the first known such hybrid, providing direct evidence that humans and Neanderthals interbred. Prior genetic research determined the DNA of people with European and Asian ancestry is 1 to 4 percent Neanderthal.

The present study focuses on the individual’s jaw, which was unearthed at a rock-shelter called Riparo di Mezzena in the Monti Lessini region of Italy. Both Neanderthals and modern humans inhabited Europe at the time.

PHOTOS: Faces of Our Ancestors

“From the morphology of the lower jaw, the face of the Mezzena individual would have looked somehow intermediate between classic Neanderthals, who had a rather receding lower jaw (no chin), and the modern humans, who present a projecting lower jaw with a strongly developed chin,” co-author Silvana Condemi, an anthropologist, told Discovery News.

Condemi is the CNRS research director at the University of Ai-Marseille. She and her colleagues studied the remains via DNA analysis and 3D imaging. They then compared those results with the same features from Homo sapiens.

The genetic analysis shows that the individual’s mitochondrial DNA is Neanderthal. Since this DNA is transmitted from a mother to her child, the researchers conclude that it was a “female Neanderthal who mated with male Homo sapiens.”

NEWS: Neanderthals Lacked Social Skills

By the time modern humans arrived in the area, the Neanderthals had already established their own culture, Mousterian, which lasted some 200,000 years. Numerous flint tools, such as axes and spear points, have been associated with the Mousterian. The artifacts are typically found in rock shelters, such as the Riparo di Mezzena, and caves throughout Europe.

The researchers found that, although the hybridization between the two hominid species likely took place, the Neanderthals continued to uphold their own cultural traditions.

That's an intriguing clue, because it suggests that the two populations did not simply meet, mate and merge into a single group.

NEWS: Neanderthals Died Out Earlier Than Thought

As Condemi and her colleagues wrote, the mandible supports the theory of "a slow process of replacement of Neanderthals by the invading modern human populations, as well as additional evidence of the upholding of the Neanderthals' cultural identity.”

Prior fossil finds indicate that modern humans were living in a southern Italy cave as early as 45,000 years ago. Modern humans and Neanderthals therefore lived in roughly the same regions for thousands of years, but the new human arrivals, from the Neanderthal perspective, might not have been welcome, and for good reason. The research team hints that the modern humans may have raped female Neanderthals, bringing to mind modern cases of "ethnic cleansing."

Ian Tattersall is one of the world’s leading experts on Neanderthals and the human fossil record. He is a paleoanthropologist and a curator emeritus at the American Museum of Natural History.

Tattersall told Discovery News that the hypothesis, presented in the new paper, “is very intriguing and one that invites more research.”

Neanderthal culture and purebred Neanderthals all died out 35,000-30,000 years ago.

LINK

 


Thank God......it's Friday!!!

by on Mar. 28, 2013 at 1:51 PM
Replies (21-30):
AdrianneHill
by Platinum Member on Mar. 28, 2013 at 6:19 PM
1 mom liked this
I read somewhere that the difference between us and them could be our ability to lie and trick. They were much stronger and had bigger brains, maybe our ability to be sneaky little shits is what won us the day.
I read another idea that was tongue in cheek but he might have been on to something. He thought it was out ability to be bored and dissatisfied with what we have. Without boredom, there is no need for hobbies or experiments or even decoration on homes and bodies. Bored people have the time and inclination to tinker and try dumb things that might become smart things or to take the canoe out past the deadly rocks just to see what's out there. And so on


Quoting mehamil1:

The neanderthals were not unintelligent. Also, the people of Europe carry 4% of neanderthal DNA. That would explain the brutality of white people. 

Or, that our species is extremely interesting. Intelligence and brutality not withstanding. 


Quoting Billiejeens:
Quoting Della529:

 Purebred Neanderthals might have died out, but I think some of their progeny are still here, lol.


Yup



They are now commonly known as "low information citizens".
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Paperfishies
by Silver Member on Mar. 28, 2013 at 6:21 PM
Amazing and super exciting!!!!
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MeAndTommyLee
by Platinum Member on Mar. 28, 2013 at 6:31 PM
1 mom liked this

Too facinating to read  just once!  I get downright giddy with finds such as these. 

12hellokitty
by Ruby Member on Mar. 28, 2013 at 8:34 PM


You just called someone out for a racist comment and turn around and make one yourself....

Quoting mehamil1:

The neanderthals were not unintelligent. Also, the people of Europe carry 4% of neanderthal DNA. That would explain the brutality of white people. 

Or, that our species is extremely interesting. Intelligence and brutality not withstanding. 

Quoting Billiejeens:
Quoting Della529:

 Purebred Neanderthals might have died out, but I think some of their progeny are still here, lol.

Yup

They are now commonly known as "low information citizens".



mehamil1
by Platinum Member on Mar. 28, 2013 at 8:37 PM

And the context completely flew over your head. Ouch. I called billiejean racist and I'm quoting her still. Did you miss that part?

Quoting 12hellokitty:

You just called someone out for a racist comment and turn around and make one yourself....

Quoting mehamil1:

The neanderthals were not unintelligent. Also, the people of Europe carry 4% of neanderthal DNA. That would explain the brutality of white people. 

Or, that our species is extremely interesting. Intelligence and brutality not withstanding. 

Quoting Billiejeens:
Quoting Della529:

 Purebred Neanderthals might have died out, but I think some of their progeny are still here, lol.

Yup

They are now commonly known as "low information citizens".
parentalrights1
by on Mar. 28, 2013 at 9:13 PM
Like people do with the bible


Quoting 12hellokitty:

Wow all that from a few bits of "skeletal remains".  While it's interesting the bad thing is so many will take this guess work s being fact.


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notabosley
by Member on Mar. 28, 2013 at 10:30 PM
Thank you for the post OP, I'm fascinated.
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Billiejeens
by Gold Member on Mar. 29, 2013 at 7:06 AM

 

How  was that racist?

Quoting mehamil1:

That was pretty racist. Not cool. 

Quoting Billiejeens:

I so though this was going to be a Moochelle Obama post.


 

GrannyM.
by Bronze Member on Mar. 29, 2013 at 7:27 AM

Totally agree...cannot actually be proven ...any of it...

GrannyM.
by Bronze Member on Mar. 29, 2013 at 7:29 AM

Looks like Star Wars characters....LoL...

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