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Worlds First Genetically Modified Babies Born

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World's first GM babies born

by MICHAEL HANLON, Daily Mail

The world's first geneticallymodified humans have been created, it was revealed last night.

The disclosure that 30 healthy babies were born after a series of experiments in the United States provoked another furious debate about ethics.

So far, two of the babies have been tested and have been found to contain genes from three 'parents'.

Fifteen of the children were born in the past three years as a result of one experimental programme at the Institute for Reproductive Medicine and Science of St Barnabas in New Jersey.

The babies were born to women who had problems conceiving. Extra genes from a female donor were inserted into their eggs before they were fertilised in an attempt to enable them to conceive.

Genetic fingerprint tests on two one-year- old children confirm that they have inherited DNA from three adults --two women and one man.

The fact that the children have inherited the extra genes and incorporated them into their 'germline' means that they will, in turn, be able to pass them on to their own offspring.

Altering the human germline - in effect tinkering with the very make-up of our species - is a technique shunned by the vast majority of the world's scientists.

Geneticists fear that one day this method could be used to create new races of humans with extra, desired characteristics such as strength or high intelligence.

Writing in the journal Human Reproduction, the researchers, led by fertility pioneer Professor Jacques Cohen, say that this 'is the first case of human germline genetic modification resulting in normal healthy children'.

Some experts severely criticised the experiments. Lord Winston, of the Hammersmith Hospital in West London, told the BBC yesterday: 'Regarding the treat-ment of the infertile, there is no evidence that this technique is worth doing . . . I am very surprised that it was even carried out at this stage. It would certainly not be allowed in Britain.'

John Smeaton, national director of the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, said: 'One has tremendous sympathy for couples who suffer infertility problems. But this seems to be a further illustration of the fact that the whole process of in vitro fertilisation as a means of conceiving babies leads to babies being regarded as objects on a production line.

'It is a further and very worrying step down the wrong road for humanity.' Professor Cohen and his colleagues diagnosed that the women were infertile because they had defects in tiny structures in their egg cells, called mitochondria.

They took eggs from donors and, using a fine needle, sucked some of the internal material - containing 'healthy' mitochondria - and injected it into eggs from the women wanting to conceive.

Because mitochondria contain genes, the babies resulting from the treatment have inherited DNA from both women. These genes can now be passed down the germline along the maternal line.

A spokesman for the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA), which regulates 'assisted reproduction' technology in Britain, said that it would not license the technique here because it involved altering the germline.

Jacques Cohen is regarded as a brilliant but controversial scientist who has pushed the boundaries of assisted reproduction technologies.

He developed a technique which allows infertile men to have their own children, by injecting sperm DNA straight into the egg in the lab.

Prior to this, only infertile women were able to conceive using IVF. Last year, Professor Cohen said that his expertise would allow him to clone children --a prospect treated with horror by the mainstream scientific community.

'It would be an afternoon's work for one of my students,' he said, adding that he had been approached by 'at least three' individuals wishing to create a cloned child, but had turned down their requests.



Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-43767/Worlds-GM-babies-born.html#ixzz2SF6jJcqK
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Thoughts?

by on May. 3, 2013 at 11:11 AM
Replies (191-192):
LucyMom08
by Gold Member on May. 7, 2013 at 12:13 PM

 This is freaky...

LucyMom08
by Gold Member on May. 7, 2013 at 12:16 PM

 To do so at the expense of reality and human nature will most likely cause you some major disappointments in life...

Quoting coronado25:

I set my sight on where I want to go.


Quoting kailu1835:

If you can only see positives, then you most definitely are living in a fantasy world. The world you envision is nothing like the reality it most likely will be.



Quoting coronado25:

I am the embodiment of a naturally occuring spontaneous and negatively consequential mutation...Science that enables a potential individual to replace a known malfunctioning allele with a known healthy one from a donor will be an exciting and helpful technology that can lead to gene therapies and maybe the growth of donor organs that will not require their recipient to be on anti rejection drugs. I can only see positives coming from this...I hope that people do not become frenzied with paranoia over the idea of genetic modification so much so that funding for such research ceases.






Quoting kailu1835:

Pure ignorance. Mutating genes can have very dire consequences.







Quoting coronado25:

Again, I think this science will have many applications that will benefit and the only negative ones wll be brought on by society's tendency to over exaggerate, speculate, and choose fear of the unknown and ts accompanying contagious hysteria rather than learning more about something they dont understand.


 

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