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Nope never heard of this one...Krokodil. *WARNING GRAPHIC*

Posted by on May. 11, 2013 at 11:58 AM
  • 15 Replies

The Curse of the Crocodile: Russia's Deadly Designer Drug

MAE RYAN FOR TIME

Irina Pavlova, a recovering krokodil addict, at the Chichevo rehab center in Russia, rocking Artiom Tiomkin — the baby of another resident — on June 13, 2011

The new arrivals at the drug rehab center in Chichevo, a tiny village that is a two hours' drive east of Moscow, are usually given two weeks without chores to recover from the nausea, pain and sleeplessness of withdrawal. After that, between Bible study and prayer (the center is run by Pentecostals), they have to start chopping firewood, hauling water from the village well or otherwise helping around the old wooden house. But a lot more leeway was allowed in the case of Irina Pavlova, the only resident at the center who is addicted to krokodil, or crocodile, Russia's deadliest new designer drug.

There is no good medical explanation for why Pavlova survived her addiction. The average user of krokodil, a dirty cousin of morphine that is spreading like a virus among Russian youth, does not live longer than two or three years, and the few who manage to quit usually come away disfigured. But Pavlova says she injected the drug nearly every day for six years, having learned to cook it in her brother's kitchen. "God must have protected me," she says. But the addiction still left some of its trademark scars. She developed a speech impediment, and her pale blue eyes have something of a lobotomy patient's vacant gaze. "Her motor skills are shot from the brain damage," says Andrei Yatsenko, the house manager, who was addicted to heroin for seven years. "She'll try to walk forward and instead jolts back into something. So we try to be gentle with her."


As typically happens in Russia, Pavlova began her drug use as a teenager shooting a substance called khanka, a tarlike opiate cooked from poppy bulbs, then graduated to heroin and finally, at the age of 27, switched to krokodil, because it has roughly the same effect as heroin but is at least three times cheaper and extremely easy to make. The active component is codeine, a widely sold over-the-counter painkiller that is not toxic on its own. But to produce krokodil, whose medical name is desomorphine, addicts mix it with ingredients including gasoline, paint thinner, hydrochloric acid, iodine and red phosphorous, which they scrape from the striking pads on matchboxes. In 2010, between a few hundred thousand and a million people, according to various official estimates, were injecting the resulting substance into their veins in Russia, so far the only country in the world to see the drug grow into an epidemic.

It seems to have first appeared in Siberia and the Russian Far East around 2002, but only in the past three years has it spread throughout the country. Since 2009, the amount of krokodilseized in Russia has increased 23-fold, according to the head of the Federal Drug Control Service, Viktor Ivanov. In the first three months of this year alone, the service says, it confiscated 65 million doses. "As recently as five years ago, there were only one-off instances of catching this drug," Ivanov told a meeting on April 18 attended by President Dmitri Medvedev and other top officials. Medvedev then turned to his tablet computer and searched the Internet for krokodil. The search engine gave him a list of recipes and instructions on how to cook it. "What does this mean?" he demanded. "Most people are not just looking for what desomorphine is, but how they can use it." Two of the governors at the meeting then informed him that krokodil accounts for about half of all addictions and drug-related deaths in their regions. In some provinces, Ivanov chimed in, it "has practically pushed out traditional opiates."


Predictably, it has spread the fastest in the poorest and most remote parts of the country, like Vorkuta, Pavlova's hometown, a former Gulag prison camp about 100 miles (161 km) north of the Arctic Circle. The winters there last eight months of the year, and as Pavlova recalls, the young people are in a constant state of boredom. Most of them drink and few of them work, the same as in hundreds of towns and villages across Russia's frozen north. Besides her, Pavlova says there were about a dozen krokodil addicts she hung around with, including her brother. "Practically all of them are dead now," she says. "For some it led to pneumonia, some got blood poisoning, some had an artery burst in their heart, some got meningitis, others simply rot."

The "rotting" explains the drug's nickname. At the injection site, which can be anywhere from the feet to the forehead, the addict's skin becomes greenish and scaly, like a crocodile's, as blood vessels burst and the surrounding tissue dies. Gangrene and amputations are a common result, while porous bone tissue, especially in the lower jaw, often starts to dissipate, eaten up by the drug's acidity. For Pavlova, the breaking point came in 2008, when she holed herself up in her brother's apartment for two weeks and did almost nothing but cook the drug and inject it into the femoral artery in her groin. "The high lasts about an hour and a half, and it takes about an hour to cook it. So I was basically cooking and shooting 24 hours a day," she says. By the end of the binge, gangrene had begun to develop around her groin and blood poisoning was setting in. She was rushed to the emergency room, then transferred to the detox ward, where a pair of Pentecostals were inviting addicts to rehab. Pavlova agreed.


A sad peculiarity of the rehab system in Russia is that the government does little to help. Medvedev's meeting in April has led to a meandering public debate about the need to ban codeine or impose mandatory drug testing in schools, and a plan is in the works to create the state's first network of rehabilitation clinics over the next few years. But so far the Health Ministry runs only a handful of live-in rehab centers for an estimated 2.5 million drug addicts, most of whom still use heroin. The Russian union of Evangelical Christians, which is dominated by the Pentecostals, runs more than 500 centers with no assistance from the state, making them the largest provider of rehab in Russia.

To get Pavlova away from potential relapse triggers — such as the pharmacies where she once bought codeine or the stairways where she used to shoot up — the Evangelicals transferred her to the Chichevo center in the suburbs of Moscow, a three-story cottage that seems like a throwback to the 19th century, with a wood-burning stove in the kitchen and a traditional bathhouse, or banya, that the residents built for themselves in the yard. Vast fields and forests of pine and birch separate Chichevo from the nearest town. But in 2009, when the cravings became unendurable near the end of her first stint in rehab, Pavlova managed to hitchhike her way to Moscow and catch a train back to Vorkuta to get high. She is now a week away from finishing her second course of rehabilitation. The cravings, she says, have finally passed. "I can't go back to that. I was beautiful when I started out, but what happened ..." The thought dangles for a moment. "It was like living in a horrible swamp."

 

Jen #1238904688930684906

by on May. 11, 2013 at 11:58 AM
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Talee
by Gold Member on May. 11, 2013 at 11:58 AM

Krokodil The Drug That Eats Junkies Alive

Krokodil The Drug That Eats Junkies

The effects of the deadly drug

The effects of the deadly drug

In recent years a new drug as became the most deadliest drug in the world.

The drug Krokodil is a drug easily made from codeine.  The opioid  is 8-10 times more potent than morphine. The magical part of the drug is that it actually eats the skin and meat off of your body.

 The drug itself is easily made from codeine pills that can be bought with out a prescription in Russia, and then addicts can cook and process the drug in a similar way to making meth. It’s basically a cheap high for the poor that begins killing your body immediately.

Krokodil abusers usually experience an acute reaction at the site of injection. The skin and tissue cells die, scale over and fall off the body. Gangrene sets in, This drug makes meth look weak.

In many cases, entire limbs must be amputated due to exposed bone and decomposed blood vessels. The liver and kidneys are also affected and can suffer irreparable damage.

 

The drug is easily made from codeine, using a process similar to the manufacture of meth. Like methamphetamine, Krokodil (Desomorphine) made this way is often highly impure and is contaminated with various toxic and corrosive byproducts. The street name in Russia for home-made desomorphine is “krokodil” (крокодил, crocodile), reportedly due to the scale-like appearance of skin of its users and the derivation from chlorocodide.

555

 

In Russia heroin is a very common drug, but once a user can’t afford heroin they’re turning to Krocodil because it is cheaper and actually has a stronger high, but the high only lasts about an hour. The average life expectancy of someone using Krocodil is 1 year.

It’s amazing a drug that people know will rot their skin and more than likely kill you with in a year and yet it’s so strong they can’t quit. The drug can take up to a month to detox off of, and the users go through so much pain during the detox period the user has to be injected with extremely strong tranquilizers just to keep them from passing out from the pain.

555

   So far there are no reported cases in the United States. If a drug this devastating   ever hit America the outcome would be insane. It still blows my mind that you could literally see the skin rotting off your body and you would still want another shot. Addiction is a strong psychological condition which knows no bounds.

ramita
by Member on May. 11, 2013 at 12:05 PM
2 moms liked this
I've never heard of it. Reading the ingredients make me hope and pray it doesn't become popular around here. Meth is bad enough, this one is just scary disgusting!
quickbooksworm
by Silver Member on May. 11, 2013 at 12:09 PM
1 mom liked this
Ugh, I hope this one doesn't hit the US. What the hell happened to smoking some weed, eating some Doritos, and calling it a day? Now we have all this crazy shit that turns you into a zombie or rots the skin off your body. Christ on a cracker.
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Carpy
by Ruby Member on May. 11, 2013 at 12:19 PM
Similar to what I have said. I can not comprehend why people do method let alone this shit. I have read about this before.

Quoting quickbooksworm:

Ugh, I hope this one doesn't hit the US. What the hell happened to smoking some weed, eating some Doritos, and calling it a day? Now we have all this crazy shit that turns you into a zombie or rots the skin off your body. Christ on a cracker.
AlekD
by Gold Member on May. 11, 2013 at 12:22 PM
1 mom liked this

Yikes. That's terrifying.

There must be a lot of self-loathing going on for someone to do this to themselves. :( Those poor souls.

Talee
by Gold Member on May. 11, 2013 at 12:25 PM

I think this is the substitute to heroine if they can't afford the real stuff. Opioids are very hard to get off of.

LauraKW
by "Dude!" on May. 11, 2013 at 12:49 PM
1 mom liked this
Fuck! Please put a warning about the pictures!
Talee
by Gold Member on May. 11, 2013 at 12:50 PM


Quoting LauraKW:

Fuck! Please put a warning about the pictures!

Oh gosh I'm sorry.

 

Jen #1238904688930684906

krysstizzle
by DeepThought on May. 11, 2013 at 12:52 PM

I read about this a couple of years ago. Really makes one wonder about ... well, people, I guess: what drives someone there, addiction, family and environment, gentics, community... 

Yeah, incredibly sad.

Seasidegirl
by Gold Member on May. 11, 2013 at 12:53 PM

WTF?

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