School Defends Textbook Calling Muhammad ‚ÄúGod‚Äôs Messenger‚ÄĚ
School officials in Florida are defending a textbook that declares Muhammad as the ‚ÄúMessenger of God‚ÄĚ after critics accused an Islamic education group of launching a stealth jihad in American public school classrooms.
According to a copy obtained by Fox News, The ninth grade textbook declares that Muhammad is the ‚ÄúMessenger of God‚ÄĚ and instructs students that jihad is a duty that Muslims must follow.
‚ÄúJihad may be interpreted as a holy war to defend Islam and the Muslim community, much like the Crusades to defend Christianity,‚ÄĚ the book states.
The textbook published large passages from the Koran, but failed to include any Scripture from the Bible. And while the book makes declarations about Muhammad being God‚Äôs messenger, it does not make declarations about Jesus being God‚Äôs son.
‚ÄúSome believed he was the messiah,‚ÄĚ the textbook noted in an entry about Jesus. The book noted that He was later executed, but failed to mention His resurrection.
Brevard Public Schools defended the textbook and said it provided a balanced view of world religions.
‚ÄúAn analysis of one textbook cannot provide a balanced understanding as to what the students in Brevard Public Schools are learning throughout their academic careers,‚ÄĚ spokeswoman Michelle Irwin said in a statement.
She also pointed out the book was among those approved by the state of Florida and that parents as well as community members were given the opportunity to review the textbook before it was adopted.
The book has been used in the classroom for the past three years without any complaints ‚Äď until now.
Susan Aspey, a spokeswoman for the book‚Äôs publisher, told Fox News the textbook is balanced.
‚ÄúPearson and its authors adhere to the highest editorial standards when creating course materials, which undergo a rigorous review process,‚ÄĚ she said. ‚ÄúA review of the book shows there is balanced attention given to the beliefs of Islam, Judaism and Christianity.
William Saxton, the chairman of Citizens For National Security, testified before the Brevard, Fla. School Board, warning them that the book rewrites Islamic history and presents a biased and incorrect version of the Muslim faith.
‚ÄúThey promote Islam at the expense of Christianity and Judaism,‚ÄĚ
Saxton told Fox News. ‚ÄúIt blew my mind to see the kind of propaganda,
the pro-Islam information that‚Äôs in this book ‚Äď at the expense of
Christianity and Judaism.‚ÄĚ
Saxton said he believes the inclusion is deliberate and he placed the blame an organization that was once called Council on Islamic Education. The group works with education officials and publishers to produce chapters on Islam for American textbooks.
But today, the Council on Islamic Education is known as the Institute on Religious and Civic Values. It‚Äôs founder, Shabbir Mansuri, is listed as an academic reviewer on the textbook used in Brevard County.
In 2001 the OC Weekly newspaper in California interviewed Mansuri about comments former Second Lady Lynne Cheney made lamenting the amount of time schools were spending teaching cultures that were not American. Mansuri took her comments as a personal attack.
‚ÄúFor the past 11 years, Mansuri has waged what he calls a ‚Äėbloodless‚Äô revolution: promoting an increased emphasis on world cultures and faiths ‚Äď including Islam ‚Äď inside American junior high and high school campuses,‚ÄĚ the newspaper reported.
Saxton said he is highly suspicious of Mansuri‚Äôs organization and questioned why they changed their name.
‚ÄúThese people are dedicated to getting this language into the textbooks,‚ÄĚ he said, noting their new name is ‚Äúbenign and does not sound ‚Äúthreatening or Islamic. ‚ÄúBut the same people are running it.‚ÄĚ
Saxton said they are hearing from concerned parents across the country ‚Äď and the complaints have generally been the same: public school textbooks that favor Islam over other world religions.
‚ÄúIt‚Äôs a form of stealth jihad,‚ÄĚ he said. ‚Äú(Jihad) is not just blowing up buildings. It‚Äôs more subtle. I began to understand that one of the ways the bad guys are trying to threaten our way of life is through our children. The Islamists want to get to the hearts and minds of our kids.‚ÄĚ
Saxton‚Äôs all-volunteer organization launched a nationwide study in 2009 to root out what they believed to be Islamic bias in American school textbooks. He said they found as many as 80 textbooks that overtly promoted Islam.
Last year, the Citizens For National Security was able to get a similar book removed from the classroom in Palm Beach County.
A spokesman for IRCV told Fox News they would agree to an interview but never returned repeated calls.
In 2009 Mansuri found himself facing similar accusations of promoting and glorifying Islam ‚Äď accusations he strongly denied in an Orange County Register interview.
‚ÄúIRCV is recognized within the education community for our expertise in teaching about world religions,‚ÄĚ he told the newspaper. ‚ÄúThis expertise stands from our long-standing interest in religious liberty, religious pluralism and the practice of faith within a civic social framework.‚ÄĚ
He blamed the criticism on ‚Äúchildren of 9-11,‚ÄĚ who were miseducated, the newspaper reported.
Saxton said the Prentice Hall textbook is riddled with errors. He especially took issue with their definition of jihad. The book called it a personal duty for Muslims and a way to defend their faith.
‚ÄúViolent Islamic groups have used jihad for centuries,‚ÄĚ he said. ‚ÄúThe 9-11 attacks were an example of jihad as terrorism, not self-defense. Declarations of jihad have been made for purposes of violence against Christians, Jews, Americans, British and fellow Muslims hundreds of times.‚ÄĚ
The textbook also alleges that ‚ÄúMuslims consider Jews and Christians to be ‚ÄėPeople of the Book.‚Äô‚ÄĚ
Saxton said in practice, Jews and Christians have been subjected historically to violence and murder by Muslims.
‚ÄúChristians and Jews are permitted very few of the rights and freedoms that the Muslim majority is allowed,‚ÄĚ he said.
The textbook said under Islamic law women are spiritually equal, although they may have different roles and rights.
‚ÄúThis content is confusing at best and intellectually dishonest at worst,‚ÄĚ he said. In Egypt and other Arab countries, women may not be employed in the private sector because they belong in the home. Women are stoned to death under Sharia law in Iran for adultery.‚ÄĚ
School Board member Amy Kneessy told Fox News she had a chance to read the textbook and she was especially troubled by the section about how Muslims treat women.
‚ÄúI was really disheartened,‚ÄĚ she said. ‚ÄúTo see such a blatant misportrayal of how women are treated in Muslim countries, I found disconcerting.‚ÄĚ
Kneessy said there seems to be a double-standard and found evidence of bias in a number of passages ‚Äď especially when it came to religious wars.
‚ÄúWhen wars were involving Jewish people or Christians, some very hard adjectives were used ‚Äď like ‚Äėmassacre,‚Äô‚ÄĚ she said. ‚ÄúWhereas when it was a Muslim group, it was ‚Äėoccupy‚Äô or a very innocuous term.‚ÄĚ
She said the school has an obligation to be fair and balanced when teaching history.
‚ÄúWar is never clean and tidy,‚ÄĚ she said. ‚ÄúWars are bloody. People die and bad things happen. The facts need to be reported fairly from all perspectives.‚ÄĚ
Kneessy said she plans on asking the entire school board to reevaluate the textbook.
‚ÄúI am concerned it is more ammunition that continues to water down what this country was founded on,‚ÄĚ she said. ‚ÄúThis country was founded with Christian values. God was very much a part of our government. When you take the religious context out of it, then you take away the very heart of what this country was founded on.‚ÄĚ