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Florida Law Mandating Drug Tests For Welfare Struck Down By Federal Judge

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Reuters  |  Posted:

Dec 31 (Reuters) - A U.S. judge on Tuesday struck down a Florida law requiring drug screening for welfare recipients, saying that it violated the constitutional protection against unreasonable searches.

Florida Governor Rick Scott, a Republican who campaigned on a promise to expand drug testing, said he would appeal the ruling.

The law took effect in July 2011 and required parents to undergo and pay for urine tests for illegal drugs when they applied for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, a federal-state program that helps poor people with children pay for food, shelter and necessities.

The testing fee of $25 to $45 was to be repaid by the state if the test came back negative, but applicants who tested positive would have been barred from receiving benefits for a year.

Enforcement of the law was temporarily halted in October 2011 after the American Civil Liberties Union sued, arguing that mandatory testing of people who were not suspected of using drugs violated the constitutional prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures.

U.S. District Judge Mary Scriven permanently halted enforcement of the law in Tuesday's ruling. She agreed with an earlier court finding that "there is nothing inherent in the condition of being impoverished that supports the conclusion that there is a concrete danger that impoverished individuals are prone to drug use...."

The lawsuit was filed in U.S. District Court in Orlando on behalf of Luis Lebron, a U.S. Navy veteran, college student and single father with sole custody of his then-5-year-old son.

Lebron was denied benefits when he refused to take the test.

"The new law assumes that everyone who needs a little help has a drug problem," Lebron said when the suit was filed in 2011. "It's wrong and unfair. It judges a whole group of people on their temporary economic situation."

Scott and other supporters of the law argued that welfare recipients needed to be drug-free to prepare them for jobs. They said businesses had been requiring such tests for years and that government should do the same to ensure that taxpayer money wasn't used to buy illegal drugs.

"Any illegal drug use in a family is harmful and even abusive to a child," Scott said on Tuesday. "We should have a zero tolerance policy for illegal drug use in families - especially those families who struggle to make ends meet and need welfare assistance to provide for their children."

During the time the law was in effect, about 2.6 percent of recipients tested positive for illegal drugs, mostly for marijuana, according to the court documents.

The failure rate was well below that of the general population. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services found in a 2009 survey that about 8.7 percent of the population aged 12 or older had used illicit drugs in the previous month.

Generally, the courts have allowed suspicionless drug testing only when public safety is at risk, such as for armed officers or railroad workers who operate heavy equipment.

by on Jan. 2, 2014 at 3:22 AM
Replies (111-112):
by Member on Jan. 4, 2014 at 3:23 AM
I don't mind my $ going to drug testing. I do have a problem with my money going to someone who can't afford to feed their children but can afford pot.

Quoting Friday:

Quoting Sbellemommy: I am a fan of the constitution. However. When someone is askingng for free money I do not believe is is "unreasonable" to make sure they are not using that money to support a drug habbit. I had to take a drug test. Some people working may not.... I am fine with that because they are working for the money they earn.

Quoting Friday:

Quoting Sbellemommy: Why is this good news?! Fuck unconstitutional! If you want money that I had to pee in a cup to earn pass a drug test. Period. Pa is in pkace to help people that need help. If you ate on drugs you do not need my money. If you can't feed your kids because you are unwilling or unable to stop using illegal drugs then you should no longer have your kids. I LOVE weed but guess what?! I have a fucking family to feed. I cant afford to loose my job over a random drug test so I don't smoke it.

Not all jobs require drug testing. It's a shame you aren't a fan of the Constitution, it's pretty awesome.

To be honest, my opposition to the testing is fiscal. It's not good policy and will cost more than it saves. It will also impact more more marijuana users than anyone else. Add the fact the the Fla governor has interests in the biggest lab.

by Ruby Member on Jan. 4, 2014 at 10:14 AM

What say the folks who are for this? Did you know that this govenor owns the largest drug testing company in florida?

Do you admit this is not about finding people on drugs but lining this mans pockets.

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