"holod" is the Ukrainian word for "hunger".
"mor" is the Ukrainian word for "plague".
"holodomor" means "to starve to death"
The capitalised word "Holodomor" refers to one specific event.
In 1932, Russia (under Stalin) reacted to a shortage of food in the Ukraine with a series of policies intended to wipe out a large fraction of the Ukraine's population. These policies included:
- preventing any outside aid from reaching the population
- confiscation of all household foodstuffs
- preventing anyone leaving the worst hit areas
As a result, more than 5 million Ukrainians starved to death, while well fed Russians soldiers looked on.
The bodies on the street became so common, people just walked past them:
We should remember it. The Ukrainians certainly still do: