Introduction

In this article we will seek to address one of the most common objection raised by Nawasib against the Shias, namely their recital of 'Ali un Waliullah' in the Kalima and Adhan. Nawasib stoke up all manner of hatred in their papers and speeches by appealing to the ignorant masses to ask themselves ‘How can the Shi’a be Muslim when they have amended the Kalima and Adhan?’.

What these Mullah’s don’t tell their adherents is that similar forms of Kalima recital can actually be located in their very own books, when such evidence exists then why the objection? Why do these Wahaby Mullah’s suffer from indigestion upon hearing the recital of ‘Ali un Waliullah?’ These Mullahs attack on the Kalima Wilayah serves to substantiate our positions that these figures are Nawasib, Munafiqeen and the products of Halala. If the recital of the Kalima Wilayah is a sin then we suggest that these Nasibi Mullah produce their evidence from the Quran and Hadeeth, but they don’t they just play on emotions. It is unfortunate that the same Mullah’s who don’t know their parentage suddenly have become Mufti’s against us! We will seek to prove that this addition is in accordance with the Qur’an and Hadeeth and hence our critics have no right to attack us. We shall also take the opportunity to show Mu’awiya’s followers that they have no right to take shots at the Shi’a on this issue when their own Salaf have themselves amended the Kalima and Adhan.



Kalima (declaration)



The definition of Kalima

In Arabic grammar 'Kalima' refers to, any sentence that means something for example:




'There is none worthy of worship save Allah'

'The House of Allah is in Makka'

'Allah is the Master of all Creation'

All three Kalima's are correct.



The definition of Kalima Tayyiba

Kalima Tayyiba refers to any sentence that is correct. For example 'Allah is Rabbil Alameen' or 'Alhamdolillah hai Rabbil Alameen' are examples of Kalima Tayyiba as there are true statements.

Allah (swt) says in his Glorious Book in Surah Muhammad verse 19:

047.019
YUSUFALI: Know, therefore, that there is no god but Allah, and ask forgiveness for thy fault, and for the men and women who believe: for Allah knows how ye move about and how ye dwell in your homes.



Open challenge

Before we go into this topic we would like to issue to challenges to the Nasibi.




Can you show us any single Hadeeth wherein Rasulullah (s) said that this Kalima was fixed and that no one was allowed to make any additions to it?


Can you locate the Kalima Tayyiba recited by Sunni 'There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his Messenger' from the Holy Qur'an. By this we don't mean joining up verses we are asking these Nasibi to show us this Kalima as a single complete sentence from the Qur'an.

Alhamdolillah we know that our critics will not be able to answer either question, and make it clear that if these two points can be proven by the Ahl'ul Sunnah we will leave Shi'a Islam. With that let us now prove from Qur'an and Hadeeth that the Kalima that the Shi'a recite is in accordance with the Qur'an and Hadeeth and hence is statement of fact that is valid under the Shari'ah.



The traditional Sunni method to prove the Kalima from the Qur'an

Incapable of locating a verse wherein this complete Kalima is mentioned our critics tend to piece portions of verses together to prove their point.

The words 'There is no God but Allah' appears in the Qur'an on two occasions. The first time is in Surah Safaath verses 35-36:

YUSUFALI: For they, when they were told that there is no god except Allah, would puff themselves up with Pride,
And say: "What! shall we give up our gods for the sake of a Poet possessed?"

The second time is in Surah Muhammad verses 19:

047.019
YUSUFALI: Know, therefore, that there is no god but Allah, and ask forgiveness for thy fault, and for the men and women who believe: for Allah knows how ye move about and how ye dwell in your homes.

As we see these words appear within a sentence / context and are not exclusive sentences within themselves.

The words Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah, appears only once in the entire Qur'an, in Surah Fatah verse 29:

YUSUFALI: Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure.

Like the term 'There is no God but Allah' we also that the term 'Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah' is not an exclusive sentence that would constitute Kalima Tayyiba, on the contrary it forms part of a much wider verse. As we see the terms 'There is no God but Allah' and 'Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah' are two Kalima Tayyibas and yet in the Qur'an at no point do we see either term in the form of Kalima Tayyiba that is one verse with no other additions.

The Ahl'ul Sunnah try to prove the Kalima by merging these two terms together, How can these Mullah accuse the Shi'a of adding to the Qur'an when in order to prove the Kalima they merge together portions from two separate Qur'anic verses?



Kalima Tayyiba from the Holy Qur'an

We will now cite reference to Kalima Tayyiba from the Qur'an. We read in Surah Fatir verse 10:

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YUSUFALI: If any do seek for glory and power,- to Allah belong all glory and power. To Him mount up (all) Words of Purity: It is He Who exalts each Deed of Righteousness. Those that lay Plots of Evil,- for them is a Penalty terrible; and the plotting of such will be void (of result).

This verses does not make reference to a single Kalima Tayyiba. It refers to several Kalima Tayyiba's, for the verse refers to 'Kalim'. In Arabic:




Kalimatun means one Kalima

Kalimataan means two Kalimas

Kalim means three or more

Allah (swt) refers to Kalim namely a minimum of three Kailmas being taken up to Him (swt). What are these three Kalimas? The Ahl'ul Sunnah recite two terms 'There is no God but Allah' and 'Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah' but they don't possess a third kalima, and as this verse stipulates it is these Kalima of purity via which deeds are rewarded. As we shall seek to prove, we the Shi'a can identify this third Kalima in light of Qur'anic verses that refer to the Wilayat of Maula 'Ali (as), which is why we recite the third Kalima 'Ali is the Wali of Allah'. We shall now substantiate our assertion with Qur'anic proofs.



Verses proving that Ali bin Abi Talib [as] is Waliullah




First verse

We read in Holy Quran:

[Shakir 5:55] Only Allah is your Vali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow.

Various explanations of the Holy Quran state that this divine verse was revealed in honor of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (as) when he gave his ring to a beggar whilst he was bowing during prayers. Unsurpisignly the Nasibi par excellence Ansar.Org have sought to refute this fact in one of their articles but we have written a detailed refutation of Ansar.org's article which can be read here:
The Verse of Wilayah



Comment

As per this verse of the Holy Qur'an, Muslims have three guardians (Wali), Almighty Allah, Holy Prophet (s) and Imam Ali (as). By saying "la Ilaha Illallah" we declare the unity of Allah, by saying "Mohammad ar-Rasul Allah" we declare the Prophethood of Prophet Muhammad (s) and by saying "Ali un-Wali Allah" we declare the guardianship (Wilayat) of Imam Ali (as) and this is necessary because had it not been done, the one-third of this verse would have been left unpracticed.



Second verse

[Shakir 4:59] O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from among you; then if you quarrel about anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the last day; this is better and very good in the end.

This verse also cites three separate types of obedience. Obedience to Allah (swt), Obedience to the Holy Prophet (s) and to Imam Ali (as), who was the righteous Imam after the Holy Prophet (s) and falls within the meaning of "Ulil Amr". In this connection, Imam Raazi has said that the "Ulil Amr" needs to be infallible just like the Holy Prophet (s) (for further elaboration on this point see our article 'The Creed of the Shi'a'.



Third verse

[Shakir 5:67] O Messenger! Deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message, and Allah will protect you from the people; surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people.

The Sunni scholars of Tafseer have confirmed that this verse descended for Ali (as) at Ghadir e Khum. Moreover Abdullah ibn e Mas'ud is reported to have said that:

"during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (s) we used to recite this verse as:
O Messenger! Deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord that Ali is master of al belivers...'
1. Tafseer e Durre Manthur, volume 2, page 298, published in Egypt.
2. Tafseer e Fatah ul-Qadeer, volume 2, page 60, published in Egypt.
3. Tafseer e Fatah ul-BaYun, volume 3, page 89, published in Egypt.
4. Tafseer Mazhari, Volume 3 page 353 published by Daar ul Isha`t Karachi
http://www.answering-ansar.org/fiqh/kalima_adhan/tafseer_mazhari_v3_p353.jpg

The above verse declares the guardianship (Wilayat) of Imam Ali (as) which was conveyed to everyone by the Holy Prophet (s) when he said: "One who has me as his master has Ali as his master".
1. Mishkat al Masabeeh, page 565, published in Delhi.
2. Sunan Tirmidhi, volume 2, page 298, published in Egypt.
3. Marqaat Sharh Mashkaat, volume 11, page 349, published in Multan

Hadeeth scholars have accepted that Hadeeth of Ghadir is not only correct and reliable, but have commented that it has many narrators.
1. Marqaat Sharh Mashkaat, volume 11, page 342, published in Multan.
2. Tadhkirah Hufaaz, volume 3, page 231, published in Deccan.
3. Tafseer e Mazhari, volume 3, page 142, published in Delhi.
4. Madarij al-Nabuwat, volume 2, page 521, published in Nolakshoor.
5. Sawaiq al-Muhriqa, page 40 and page 120, published in Egypt.

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Comments:

Samee...
Jun. 19, 2010 at 10:02 AM

Assalamo Alaikom WR WB I enjoyed reading this sister and in sha Allah others will learn.blowing kisses

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